Music Appreciation 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Woodwinds
piccolo
flute
oboe
clarinet
bassoon
bass clarinet
french horn
contrabassoon
Symphany
4 movements
accelerando
becoming faster
Field Recording
Live Recording
Charlie "Bird" Parker
Bebop
expert on spirituals
moses hogan
Mezzo Forte
(MF) Moderately Loud








 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 










Aleatoric music


\"Chance\" music; random noises
sonata du camera
chamber sonata
Musical Form
Repetition, Contrast, Variation, Ternary Form, Binary Form
Wagner
Loherngrin, PRelude to Act 3
who composed williams mix?
john cage
allegro non troppo
not too fast
Opera
Drama sung to orchestral accompaniment
who wrote in the heights
lin-manuel miranda
dotted note
increases the duration by half
Resolution
The progression from dissonance to consanance. Tension and release in music
Landini
Ecco La primavera Blind, Italian composer;starts with drums and Sacbut-Singing-Romance
Fugue
more complex than round for counterpoints
what were the four programmatic concertos that made up vivaldi's four seasons?
springsummerautumnwinter
Sheng
born in Shanghai, Chinacomposed China Dreams: Prelude
Monophonic
Texture in which one main melody
aria
elaborate melody sung solo with accompaniment, as in an opera or oratorio
Glen Miller
• Trombone player
• Strictly a dance band
• "Tuxedo Junction"
• Entire band enlisted after Pearl Harbor
• Played a concert in France
• Shot down over the English Channel (Glen Miller)
Measure
group containing a fixed number of beats
Lied
Song with German text for vocal soloists accompanied by paino, both "voices" carry equal weight, for small performances.
Harmony
simultaneous sound of 2 or more different tones
big band
plays swing music. 1930s. large band
monody
the baroque era marks the introduction of a new style, _____
Salieri
wrote "Son quallacera tartana" from La Secchia Rapito
term for an opera or musical consisting of individual sections or "numbers" that can readily be detached from the whole, as distinct from an opera consisting of continuous music
number
Council of Trent
part of Protestant Reformation. Anti-lutheran reformation effort by Roman Catholic Church. Put restrictions on all aspects of society. They decided to retain Latin, and they incorporated more lay formation. The music also got very polyphonic, the church did not want the music to be so polyphonic.
Who came after Beethoven?, what nationality was he?
schubert, german,
de capo
From the beginning; an indication usually meaning that the opening section of a piece is to be repeated after the middle section.
Timbre
The musical property responsible for a trumpet sounding like a trumpet and not a clarinet
genre
a particular category of works; based on common characteristics (form, style, purpose, musical forces)
trill
a rapid alternation of two adjacent tones; a shake.
Guillame Dufay
Ce moys de May, Transitional into Renaissance, secular and sacret, 3 parts, rondo.
Carnaval was an example of what?
Character pieces (miniatures)
Tempo
The pace of music indicated by the markings such as moderato, andante, or grave
neo-classism
20th century music tried to bring back the baroque and classical periods with smaller ensebles and classical forms (stravinsky)
Nobles, peasants, clergy
Social classes of the middle ages
Who was Brahms?
one of the greatest Romantic composers, writing quartets, trios, piano miniatures, symphonies are loved
Fugue
Polyphonic form in the Baroque era in which one or more themes are developed by imitative counterpoint of several voices. Has three qualities: a theme, continuation of voice, and a passage built on motive.
What are sonatas?
the 1st movements of a symphony
key (tonality)
Central note, scale, and chord within a piece, in relationship to which all other tones in the composition are heard.
Musical Dynamics
are always written and described in italian
Clara Wieck Shumann
Concert pianist that composed lieder, solo, piano music, one piano concerto, and chamber music.
Cadence
(1) Resting place at the end of a phrase in a melody (2) Progression giving a sense of conclusion, often form the dominant chord to the tonic chord
church, aristocrocy and govt
during the renaissance, musicians were supported by
text or script of an opera prepared by a liberettist
libretto
What is different about Romaticism?
more emotional, dramatize, personal expression, individualism,
improvisation
Creation of music at the same time as it is performed.
bass
low in pitch; of the lowest pitch or range
Key Composers in the Baroque Period
Johann Sebastian BachGeorge Frideric Handel
--- and --- defies convention due to its performers and intended audience
dido and aeneas
What is the classical concerto?
contest between soloist and the orchestra
bach wrote huge amounts of music for where?
the church (lutheran)
What sections of the orchestra were expanded in instruments in the Romantic period? what else was added?
expanded percussion, woodwinds and brass sections, also added 2 harps
figured bass of baroque music?
bass part w/numbers to represent chord tones
When did the High Renaissance start? what was it?
around 1500, change in the polyphony
Who were the two comosers working in Notre Dame on organum? what did they compose?
Master Leonin, and Perotin,4 voice polyphony
Dizzy Gillespie
Bebop
Baroque
1600 - 1750
the basic structure:
beginning.middle.end.
Major
light, happy sound
Syllabic
One note per syllable
famous instrumental solos are
occasional
Fair Phyllis
John Farmer
genre:english Madrigal
-4 voices
-not so subtle word painting
-light playful theme
"coded eroticism"
who wrote The entertainer
scott joplin
Madrigal
a short, secular polyphonic composition in 3 or 4 voices set to a stanza poem
Symphony Fantastique includes what?
idee fixe
Porgy and Bess is a(n)
Opera
Period from about 1600-1750 during which the rules of music theory and harmony as we know them today were perfected
baroque
Serenade
a light, multi movement composition for strings or small orchestra
Range
Distance between the lowest and highest tones of a melody, an instrument or a voice. This span can be generally described as narrow, medium or wide in range.
composer of Erlkonig (romantic era. form through-composed)
Schubert
polychoral music
has 2 or more choirs
-first appeared in 1682 in rome-multiple movement-music of contrasts'-the expression of emotions or images without words?
concerto
programmatic symphony
a multimovement orchestral work. berlioz's symphonie fantastique is the most famous example.
Harpsichord
Keyboard instrument, widely used from about 1500-1775, whose sound is produced by plectra which pluck its wire strings. The harpsichord was revived during the twentieth century.
what was Monteverdi's 1st great operatic work
Orfeo
How many parts does "The Messiah" contain
3
Dissonance
Tone combination that is unstable and tense.
Nonet
A piece for nine instruments or voices.
Word painting
a compositional technique matching the music to the literal meaning of of the words; high note on word heavan
KEY SIGNATURE
sHARPS OR FLAT SIGNS IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING THE CLEF SIGH AT THE BEGINNING OF A PIECE OF MUSIC INDICATES THE KEY THE MUSIC IS TO BE PLAYED IN
Weelkes
"As Vesta Was Descending" How the queen is better than GODDESSES men and women singing3
Tone Color
Characteristic sounf of instrument or voice
texture of multi-voice with two or more melodic lines
polyphonic
Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music.
absolute
Spiritual minimalism
trend characterized by a simple, nonpulsed music that springs from deep religious convictionsPärt
scale
group of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order
rhythm
movement or procedure with uniform or patterned recurrence of a beat, accent, or the like.
A classically trained singer that has recently crosssed over into the world of pop music
Andrea Bocelli
character piece
a brief instrumental work seeking to capture a single mood
Program Music
Music used to depict moods, images, and characters and to tell stories
TREBLE CLEF
NOTATION ON A STAFF TO INDICATE RELATIVELY HIGH PITCH RANGES ON A PIANO USUALLY PLAYED WITHTHE RIGHT HAND
english, simpler, more humorous
in _____ madrigals, composers preferred_____, more_______ texts
bridge
period of time in which the movement modulates
a music historical style period that spanned from 1750-1825
classical era
A motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section is called
Ostinato
musique concrète
music recorded onto magnetic tape and then manipulated
ledger lines
Short, horizontal lines above or below the staff, used to indicate a pitch that falls above or below the range indicated by the staff.
Ground Bass
Repeated musical idea in bass while melody above changes (also called basso ostinato) main purpose was to indicate sorrow or morning
a song with a melody that follows no pattern or doesn't repeat any section
through-composed
Changing Meter
The numbers placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate the meter of the music, e.g. . The upper number indicates the beats in a measure; the lower number tells what kind of a note will receive one beat.
Who is John Cage?
used external surroundings for music, 4 min. and 33 sec. of silence
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a ________ scale.
whole-tone
Absolute music
instrumental music free of a text or any preexisting program
melody of baroque music?
opening melody heard again and again
Syllabic vs. Mellismatic
One syllable per note vs. Many notes per syllable.
What was Chopin inspired by?
nationalism in 2 forms:
1. Mazurka (polish dance associated w/ peasants)
2. Polonaise (Polish dance associated w/ upper class)
What is basso ostinato?
another name for the ground bass "persistent" or "obstinate" bass,
Program Music (Program Symphony)
a piece of instrumental music that seeks to re-create in sound the events and emotions portrayed in an extramusical source: a story, a play, a historical event etc.-multiple movements
What form did Liszt prefer?
Rhapsody- he wrote 19 rhapsodies for piano
What is polyphony?
-2 or more melodies played or sung at the same time?
1750 - 1820Bach to Beethoven
The Classic Period lasted from ---- to ----; its composers ranged from - to -
How many "art songs" did Schumann write?
Over 100.. most famous being "Song Year"
composers of the renaissance
sacred:
Josquin
Palestrina
secular:
Monteverdi
John Farmer
allegretto
moderately fast
Ray Charles
Soul
Central tone
note, pitch
main idea
ritornello (tutti)
crescendo
increase in volume
CHAPTER 13
THE MODERN PERIOD
types of vocal ensembles
duettrioquartet
textures
relationship between muical lines;
musical fabric (thin/thick)
who wrote spring awakening
duncan sheik
Who was an objective romanticist?
Saint-Saens
Who performs the “Erlking”?
male voice
Fascination with national identity also led composers to draw on colorful materials from foreign lands, a trend known as musical
exoticism
period from about 1750-1825 during which the symphony was a dominant style of music
classical
Vienesse school
group of classical composers, including Haydn, Mozart,Beethoven,Schubert, whose careers unfolded in vienna
Monophony
Single-line texture, or melody without accompaniment.
composer of symphonie fantastique V (program music. romantic. 5 movements. col legno)
Berlioz
overture
the orchestral introduction at the beginning of an opera
interlude or intermediate section in the baroque fugue that serves as an era of relaxation between statements of the subject
episode
Sonata
Chamber piece of several contrasting movements, written for a small number of Instrumentssolo players and an orchestraOverture- instrumental introduction, fast slow fast
legato
Smooth, connected manner of performing a melody.
the baroque suite was dance inspired
yup
What two instruments were prevalent during the Baroque Period
Organ, violin
Theme
Melody that serves as the starting point for an extended piece of music.
Pitch
The relative highness or lowness of sound
CHORD
COMBINATION OF THREE OR MORE TONES SOUNDED AT ONCE
a polyphonic piece in which the different melodic lines are put together according to specific rules
fuge
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as
a polychord
China Dreams: Prelude
Form: 3-part structureGenre: Symphonic suiteGlissandos
triad
Most basic of chords, consisting of three alternate tones of the scale, such as do, mi, sol.
Pope Marcellus Mass: Gloria
-Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
genre: mass
6 voices (SATTBB)
mostly homorhythmic, soft sounding, clear text
-example of what the council of trent's edicts of how music should sound.
a song that follows the pattern of verse, then refrain, and then repeating both
strophic
program symphony
symphony with the usual three, four, or five movements, but now the individual movements together tell or depict a succession of specific events or scenes drawn from some extramusical work or story.
Instruments in an orchestra
String section(violin, viola, cello, bass)Woodwind (flute, clarinet, oboe, bassoon)Brass (Trumpet, Horn, Tuba, Trombone)Percussion (Piano, Snare Drum, Timpani, Bells)
CLEF
SYMBOL PLACED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE STAFF TO SHOW THE EXACT PITCH OF NOTES PLACED ON EACH LINE AND SPACE
binary form AB
renaissance secular music used ____ form
Which composer earned his living as a music critic?
berloiz
have recorded many bach pieces; often swinging the beat to make it jazzy sounding
swing swingers
How long did the middle ages last?
1000 years
Homenaje a Federico García Lorca
Form: rondo-likeGenre: chamber orchestraevil
septuple meter
Pattern of 7 beats to the measure.
Beethoven wrote "Fur Elise" as
a gift for a woman
Child Ballad
John Child- made long songs for later in history
Recorder
IT is a whistle flute popular in the Renaissance
What is the difference between a program symphony and a regular symphony?
has 5 movements
The symphonic poem, or tone poem, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas, was developed by
Franz Liszt
dodecaphonic/ tone row
the method of composing with twelve tones
Part of a larger work is called a what?
movement
String quartet
single I an II violin, viola, and a cello
What type of music did Tchaikovsky prefer?
program & absolute
 
compromise between the 2:
East- russian
West- central/western Europe
What is pavane?
one of the most popular solemn dances in duple meter, with participants stepping and stopping formally
Tin Pan Alley
A section of NYC near Broadway and West 28th St. where music stores abounded during the early years of the 20th century; noise was so loud it sounded like a crowd was banging on tin pans
What was Schumann inspired by?
His love for Clara Wieck (piano teacher's daughter who he later married)
What is the violin family, woodwind, and brass instrument for the bass voice?
bass(viol family), bassoon, and tuba
The rise of nationalism in music is a reflection of what?
struggle for national independence
Name a piece of music Liszt is famous for.
"Liebes/Traum"- A Dream of Love
After his stint in the Army was up Elvis continued to release hit songs. Some of these were?
"It's Now or Never", "Return to Sender", and "In the Ghetto"
/ 176
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online