Music Appreciation Midterm Flashcards

Terms Definitions
very loud
fortissimo
Ice Cube
Rap
Madrigal
Painting with words
chorale
synonym for "hymn"
ritardando
temo slows down
repetition
creates sense of unity
-focus on value-essential-exchange
cover songs
Tempo
Speed of a beat
Where was frederic chopin from
poland
Homophony
One melodic line with accompaniment
tenor
highest range for male voices
Cantada
Very short unstaged opera’s. Written for instruments and one or two voices and portrayed a single scene
Timbre
Tone color, quality of sound
who wrote west side story
leonard bernstein
Humanism
Renaissance belief that people have the capacity to create many things good and beautiful
-Emphasis on human worth
Tonal
Based on principles of major-minor tonality, as distinct from modal.
CONTRABASSON
DOUBLE -REED WOODWIND INSTRUMENT WITH A REGISTRAR ONE OCTAVE LOWER THAN THAT OF A BASSON
proper
texts that vary according to day
Who was Chaikorsky?
Russian nationalist composer, incorporated folk melodies into the symphony
Suite
A collection of dance movements, essentially. A series of movements in the same key, but contrasting in rhythm and sound. Derived from dances, used by Bach in Baroque period.
style
Characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone, color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form in music.
ritornello form
theme repeatedly presented in fragments
Instruments that produce a sound by "buzzing" their lips
brass
Harmony
How chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
Binary
Two-part (A-B) form is based on statement and departure. Also two-part form.
Organum
First 2 parts polyphony used with melody and dance line counter melody based on Gregorian Chant (cantus firmus)
METRONOME
APPARATUS THAT PRODUCES A TICKING OR FLASH OF LIGHT AT A CONSTANT SPEEN
Intreval
"Distance" in pitch between any two tones
What was Mendelssohn accomplished as?
Violinist & painter
What did Chaikorsky write?
6 symphonies, symphonic poems
bach's preludes from the well tempered clavier are mostly not --- in the fashion of the fugues
imitative
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz\'s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
idée fixe
Atonal music
music w/o tonality-associated w/ the avant-garde style of Schoenberg
octave
Interval between two tones in which the higher tone has twice te frequency of the lower tone.
piano trio
popular 19cen
piano+ violens or cello and violin
diatonic
noting those scales that contain five whole tones and two semitones, as the major, minor, and certain modal scales.
During what period was music highly decorative and ornate, often written in predictable forms and included a great deal of repetition, and vocal lines were written to sound like instruments
Baroque Period
Accent
Emphasis of a note, which may result from its being louder, longer, or higher in pitch than the notes near it.
Rite of Spring
Third commissioned ballet piece by Igor Stravinsky; includes a massive orchestra, premiered in 1913 in Paris, received very poorly.  Primitivism piece.
POLYPHONIC
PERFORMANCE OF 2 OR MORE MELODIC LINES OF RELATIVELY EQUAL INTEREST AT SAME TIMES
Key
centering of a melody around a central note or tonal center. Based on major/minor scales. If it's atonal, it is without a tonal center. To change key is to modulate.
fugue

subject---------------------
-------answer---------------
-------------subject--------
--------------------answer
polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject
-italian comic opera-opera buffa-written in 1786-lorenzo da ponte libertto-mozart reached his peak
the marriage of figaro; mozart
Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) is an example of
Primitivism
Sprechstimme
a vocal technique in which a singer declaims, rather than sings, a text at only approximate pitch levels
sextuple meter
Pattern of 6 beats to the measure.
Riternello
a continuing theme to tie a piece together
A set of music written for a church service
Cantata
three-part form (A B A)
represented as statement, contrast, return
Gregorian Chant
THe music of the medieval church. It is characterized by monophonic lines, church mode modality, irregular rhythm with no strong accents, and Latin text. Sung by males
How does the Classical and Romantic Orchestra compare?
romantic is bigger
Song cycle
groups of lieder that are unified by a narrative thread or descriptive theme.
Ballet
An art form that that uses dance and music, along w/ costumes and scenery, to tell a story and display emotions through expressive gestures and movement
texture of baroque music?
most polyphonic, extensive use of imitiation
Henry Purcell
Dido and Aeneas; "When I am Laid in Earth"
The Triumphs of Oriana
It is an anthology of English madrigals written to honor Queen Elizabeth 1
What is sequence?
a much more elaborate kind of melody than the antiphon, short tunes sung twice, with some variation
What is duration?
the length of time we hear in minutes,seconds, or microseconds.
RANGE OF A SINGERS VOICE DEPENDS ON
BOTH TRAINING AND PHYSICAL MAKEUP
What was added to the orchestra in the classical period?
brass and percussion instruments
What type of music did Mendelssohn have?
narrative & program music
 
he was inspired by his travels
The brass section of an orchestra is made up of which instruments?
French horns, trumpets, trombones and tuba
What is the 3rd part of the sonata form movement?
1st and second theme, bridge, candence theme, remains in tonic key, more stability, then coda
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