Music cards Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Brandenburg
Bach
Baroque
poco
little
cantabile
singing
Classical
Sonata Form
Giuseppi Verdi
Romantic
Forte (f)
loud
Soprano
lowest voice
legato
tied together smoothly
mezzo soprano
between soprano/alto
Sunday Bloody Sunday
U2
ancient double-headed drum
khyal
When did Beethoven die?
1827
ritardando (rit.)
gradually slowing tempo
My Fair Lady
Frederick Loewe
What
is an estampie?
Medieval dance
fortissimo
(a direction) very loud.
BENEDITTO SANSEVERINO
(1620)USES ALFABETO WITH CAPITAL(MAJOR) AND LOWERCASE(MINOR) CHORDS.
consonance/diss
pitches sounding agreeable and stable/disagreeable and unstable
heterophony
simultaneous variations, especially in rhythm; multiple musicians perform the same melody each rendering it slightly differently with ornaments and melodic variation
rhythm
flow of music through time
Gesamt Kunstwerk
"total work of art"
Renaissance
1450-1600 A.D., Josquin des Prez, polyphony
recapitulation
first theme, second theme, cadence theme (similar to the exposition but does not change key
Vivace
Refers to tempo; vivacious, faster than Allegro
Apartheid
17th century: South Africa colonized byEnglish and Dutch1940’s: National Party, descendants ofEuropean colonists, assume political control;enact apartheid laws of racial segregation“Separation”Marriage, employment, discrimination1990-1994: Apartheid laws removed1994: Nelson Mandela
Mbira
a general reference to lamellophones found throughout Africa, in particular those common to the Shona and other ethnic groups from Zimbabwe
woodwinds
piccolo, flute, oboe, clarint, english horn, bass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon, saxophone, recorder
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Opposition of Minstelsy music
"so nice to come home to"
ella fitzgerald
30FPS
What is the framerate for audi recorded on the set while shooting a film (assuming that the recorder has timecode)?
Tabla (Egyptian)
goblet shaped, single headed lead drum
Dissonance
tone combination that is unstable and tense.
minimalism
modern music that takes one small amount of music and repeats it a lot to form composition
The person who first organized congregational hymn singing in Protestant chruches was?
Martin Luther
Erhu
Chinese stringed lute with bow between two strings.
According to lecture, the movie, "Gidget," was influenced by what genre of music?
Surf Rock
orchestra
a group of performers on various musical instruments, including esp. stringed instruments of the viol class, clarinets and flutes, cornets and trombones, drums, and cymbals, for playing music, as symphonies, operas, popular music, or other compositions.
A new style that emerged during the 1950s that was a union of African American rhythm-blues, country western, and pop was called bebop
False
Eastern
call and response is very common in this singing style.
ritornello/episode
the name for the orchestral music that typically starts the movement off. Contrast between two musical ideas, one belonging to the orchestra and the other to the soloist(s)
improvisation
the practice of making up music and performing it on the spot without first having written it down
cadence
the portion of a musical phrase that leads to its last chord
1. The scientific study of music, especially traditional or non-Western music, as an aspect of culture. 
2. The comparative study of music of different cultures.
Studio Systems-Hollywood
Sruti
the tonal center chosen by a performer (india)
note
a sign or character used to represent a tone, its position and form indicating the pitch and duration of the tone.
Benny Goodman Sextet/ Charlie Christian
I found a new baby
Harmonic Progression
The succession of chords in a musical composition
rondo
one of the two types of return form (every other letter is a, ends in a) fur elise
The thumb piano.
Also known as the kalimba (Kenya), likembe (Rhuando), and mbira (Zimbabwe). About 22 keys and bottle caps for a rattling, "broken" sound.
What is the name given to the most talented piano players in the1950's?
Professor
Franco of Cologne
Wrote a treatise (1260 - 1280) "the art of measurable music.
The short lyric piano piece was the instrumental equivalent of
a. the symphony
b. the song
c. the concerto
d. the opera
b. the song
What was the popular song (which we heard in lecture) off the Beach Boys album, "Pet Sounds" ?
“God Only Knows”
A group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or descriptive or expressive theme or common motivic material is called?
A. Song Cycle
b. a ballad cycle
c. an opera
d. a cantata
A. A song cycle 
Who was Mozart’s most famous librettist
His most famous librettist is Lorenzo da Ponte
What sets an Oratorio apart from any other opera?
no theatrical sets or costumes, performed in concert form, more use of the chorus (however oratorios are NOT a part of the regular church service)
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