Music Exam 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Spirito
spirit/energy
Rasch
Fast
symbols
syhmbohls
Early Baroque
1600-1710
Rachmaninoff
Post-Romantic Composer
samba cancao
les spectateurs
the audience
Tin
Indian drumming syllable
staccato
separated, detached style
Whole rest
4 beats
piano
performed softly, subdued
phrases
section of a tune
Taoism
Human to nature relationships
mp
mezzo piano; medium soft
meter
organizing beats into groups
measures/bars
drone
a sustained or repeated tone
subject
main melody of a fugue
akpwon


lead singer in santeria instrumentation
blues
harmonic repetitionsoulful style of singing that unfolds above repeating chord changes
Ud
Middle Eastern plucked five-stringed lute. curved back short neck
adagio
in a leisurely manner; slowly.
Webern's Symphony, Opus 21, combines serial technique with traditional forms
True
Sliding pitch
capable of engaging frequency; violin
violin
chief string instrument, high range, most similar to human voice
triple meter
beats are grouped in threes
Rabab
spike fiddle bowed chordophon (similar to Chinese erhub)
Yangqin
Is a trapezoidal hammered box zither
decrescendo
gradually reducing force or loudness; diminuendo (
Leonard Berstein 5
loved broadway, westside story, similar to mendelssohn, teacher, butler
Tombeau
French for tomb is an instrumental piece commemorating someone's death.
Concerto grossos alternate between sections for the soloist and sections for the full orchestra.
a.  true
b.  false
salon
half party, half seminar popular in the Viennese classical era
Cadence
The close or ending of a phrase
The most important cultural centers in the Dark Ages
Monasteries
Bira
a spirit possession ceremony of the Shona ethnic group from Zimbabwe
was very interested in musical research , specifically Eastern European folk music. He traveled around Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and North Africa using the new recording machine of Thomas Edison’s
Bela Bartok
bolero
a lively Spanish dance in triple meter.
Berry Gordy
-1959: Borrowed $800 from his parents to start a record label
-Founds Tamla Records: small-scale answer to the Aldon Music girl-group machine
-1960: Gordon starts a second label: Motown Records
-Worked for a a short time at a Ford factory -- supposedly inspired the assembly line.
Guiseppe Verdi
best known for his 28 operas; Rigoletto- based on a play by Victor Hugo is one of the most performed works in the repertory today
Which type of artists used harsh, ugly sounds and distorted images to make their point?
Expressionists
Franz Liszt is often referred to as the ÒPaganini of the piano.Ó
True
Sonata
For solo piano or solo instrument plus pianomade up of 3 (sometimes 4 movements)Movements are typically fast, slow, fast.Hayden and Mozart.Beethoven experimented with 4-movement form. Added Scherzo.
tessitura
where the melody lies in relation to the range of instrument
A group of French composers who embraced popular music, jazz, and theater music as an alternative to the "serious" artistic movements of the modern period were called
Les Six
What genre of music that is described as a result of American Folk combined with American Jazz was a major influence on the Beatles?
Skiffle
Ethel Waters
Singer from Chester, PA, known as "the greatest entertainer of her race"
Homorhythmic


– is a texture where there is a sameness of rhythm in all parts – condition of homophony
Claudio Monteverdi
opera composer of the Baroque era who first worked in Mantua
Quarter Note
The type of note that receives one beat.
Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika
music composed in 1897 (Lord bless Africa)
octave
a tone on the eighth degree from a given tone.
A rhythm or accent that does not line up with the expected or regular rhythm is called:a. hookb. improvisationc. accidentald. syncopation
d. syncopation
He was born in 1770 in Bonn; as an adult he made a living without a patron, experimenting with an increased orchestra and with the sturdier English piano.
Beethoven
Extra Credit 20th Century Period
American Composers start to emerge and WW1 and WW2. Mathematical music, electricity influenced music. Guitar became very popular. Recording equipment, television, radio. Musical (Broadway) film soundtracks, jazz, rock-n-roll. Famous people: Barber, Bernstein, CAge, Joplan, Copland, Debussy
What is polytonality? Bitonality? Atonality?
polytonality – two or more keys at the same time
bitonality – 2 different keys at the same time
atonality – absence of tonality or key
Briefly describe what Stravinsky’s ballet “The Rite of Spring” is about.
there arose a picture of a sacred pagan ritual: the wise elders are seated in a circle and are observing the dance before death of the girl whom they are offering as a sacrifice to the god of Spring in order to gain his benevolence
Sheung Chi Ng ( Uncle Ng)
Migrated from China to US sang muyu in China and in the U.S., sang on the street and senior citizens center. Sang about the "gold mountain"
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