Music Literature Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Polytextual
multiple texts
Monophonic
single line melody
call and response
responsorial
Rhythmic modes
fixed rhythmic patterns
Debussy, Claude
(1862-1918) French; Paris-basedStyle/Period: ImpressionistGenre Profile: 023---2120---0223---302---23---030Quantity of Work Produced: considerableBest Known For: piano (solo, chamber combs.)---orchestral pcs---songs & song cycles---chamber music---ballets---harp (chamber combs., w/orch.)---Pelléas et Mélisande (opera)---orchestrationNotable Works: . . . songs [solo v & pf] (c1879-1915) . . . 2 Arabesques [pf] (1888-91) . . . Clair de Lune (from 'Suite Bergamasque') [pf] (1890, r1905) . . . Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun [sym. poem] (1892-4) . . . String Quartet in G minor Op.10 (1893Musical Influences: Albéniz; Borodin; Chabrier; Chausson; -Chopin; ---F Couperin; +Dukas; Fauré; Gounod; Lalo; Liszt; Massenet; Mussorgsky; --Rameau; +Ravel; +Satie; Wagner; gamelan & other East Asian music; French Renaissance musicHas Influenced: Alain; -Albéniz; Barber; Bartók; Bax; Beach; Berg; BLOCH; Boulanger; +Boulez; Carpenter; Casella; Castelnuovo-Tedesco; -Chausson; Copland; +Crumb; Dallapiccola; Delius; Dukas; Dutilleux; Enescu; Falla; GRIFFES; Hindemith; Honegger; Ibert; Ireland; Jolivet;
monophonicpolyphonichomophonic
single-line texture w/o accompanimenttwo or more melodic line combinedtexture with principal melody and harmony
Pavane
duple, slower (means peacock) Renaissance dance
Rossini, Gioachino
Rossini, Gioachino (1792-1868) ItalianStyle/Period: Post-Classical (bel canto)Genre Profile: 032---0022---2202---200---03---220Quantity of Work Produced: extensiveBest Known For: operas & opera overs.---sacred vocal/choral music---chamber music---songs---solo pianoNotable Works: . . . 6 String Sonatas [2 vlns, vc & double-bass] (c1804) . . . Over. to (the opera) La Scala di Seta [orch.] (1812) . . . The Italian Woman in Algiers [opera] (1813) . . . Over. to (the opera) The Italian Woman in Algiers [orch.] (1813) . . . Otello [opera] (1816) . . . The Barber of Seville [opera] (1816) . . . Over. to (the opera) The BMusical Influences: --JS Bach; Cimarosa; J Haydn; Mayr; -MOZART; SpontiniHas Influenced: -Auber; BELLINI; Bizet; -Boieldieu; -Carulli; Chopin; Dargomïzhsky; DONIZETTI; Flotow; -Giuliani; Mercadante; -MEYERBEER; Offenbach; PACINI; Saint-Saëns; Schubert; -Spontini; Verdi; Wagner; Widor arber of Seville
motive
short melodic or rhythmic idea
medieval poet-musicians of southern france
troubadours
Danserye
a collection written by Tielman Susato.
Very cheerful and fit to play on all musical instruments.
Wagner, Richard
(1813-83) GermanStyle/Period: Middle German Romantic Quantity of Work Produced: considerableBest Known For: operas and opera overs. & preludes---'Siegfried Idyll' (orch.)---orchestrationNotable Works: . . . The Flying Dutchman [opera] (1841, r1846 & 1852) . . . Over. to (the opera) The Flying Dutchman [orch.] (1841, r1852 & 1860) . . . Tannhäuser [opera] (1843-5, r1861 & 1865) . . . Over. to (the opera) Tannhäuser [orch.] (1845) . . . Lohengrin [opera] (1845-8) . . . Götterdämmerung [opera] (1848-74) . . . Preludes to Acts I & III of (the opera) Lohengrin [orch.] (1850) . . . Das Rheingold [opera] (1851-4) . . . Die Walküre [opera] (1851-6), incl. 'Ride of the Valkyries' [orch.] . . . Siegfried [opera] (1851-71), incl. 'Forest Murmurs' [orch.] . . . Tristan und Isolde [opera] (1857-9) . . . Prelude & Death of Isolde from (the opera) Tristan und Isolde [orch.] (1857-9) . . . Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg [opera] (1861-7) . . . Prelude to (the opera) Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg [orch.] (1867) . . . Siegfried Idyll [small orch.] (1870) . . . Parsifal [opera] (1876-82)Musical Influences: BEETHOVEN; Bellini; Berlioz; Chopin; --Gluck; Halévy; Liszt; Meyerbeer; -Mozart; Rossini; Spohr; Spontini; WeberHas Influenced: Alfvén; Bartók; Bax; Beach; +Berg; Bloch; Boito; +Boulanger; BRUCKNER; CHABRIER; G Charpentier; CHAUSSON; Debussy; DELIUS; Dohnányi; DUKAS; Duparc; Dvorák; ELGAR; Enescu; Fauré; Fibich; Franck; Glière; GOLDMARK; ++Henze; Herbert; Holst; HUMPERDINCK; INDY; Janácek; Lalo; Leoncavallo; -Liszt; Lyadov; MacDowell; Mahler; Massenet; Miaskovsky; Offenbach; PARRY; ++Penderecki; PFITZNER; Pizzetti; Ponchielli; Puccini; Reger; Reinecke; Rimsky-Korsakov; Saint-Saëns; Schoenberg; Schreker; SCRIABIN; Sibelius; Sinding; Smetana; Stanford; Stenhammar; J Strauss Jr.; Jos Strauss; R Strauss; Szymanowski; Vierne; +Villa-Lobos; Webern; WOLF; Wolf-Ferrari; Zemlinsky
recitative
solo vocal declamation that follows inflections of text that results in disjunct vocal style
texture
interweaving of melodic and harmonic elements
most important genre during the Baroque period?
opera
counterpoint is a compositional style that is associated with ------ texture.
polyphonic
Organum
the earliest type of polyphony, with two, three, or four-voice parts sung in fixed rhythmic patterns.
Where is the basilica of St. Mark's?
Venice
long melodic syllable sung on one passage.
mellisma
verismo
Operatic 'realism', a style pop in Italy in 1890's which tried to bring naturalism into the lyric theater.
overture
intro mvt that presents melodies from arias to come. also an orch work for concert perf.
phrase
Unit of meaning within a larger structure
blues
Afro-amcn form of secular folk music, related to jazz, that is based on a simple, repetitive poetic-musical structure.
The Opening Melody of the star spangled banner is best described as:
disjunct
artificially created male soprano or alto who dominated opera
the castrato
Syllabic
one note sung to each syllable of text
Polyphony
musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously
Basso Continuo
bass part played by 2 instruments (chordal instrument--lute/keyboard and bass instrument--bassoon/low string*cello*)
vibrato
small fluctuation of pitch used as an expressive device to intensify sound
monody
vocal style estab. in Baroque w/ solo singer and instrument accomp
cantus firmus
'fixed melody' usually of very long notes based off chant that served for polyphonic composition esp in Ren era
modulation
process of changing from one key to another
in which group of instruments does a bass drum belong?
membranophones
the instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called:
the concerto
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale?
5
the french Baroque opera style that combined monumental choruses with colorful dances and stories of heroic adventure is:
tradie lyrique
La nuove musiche
'The new music' (Origins of Opera)
called the expressive style.
Fostered by the Camerata memembers.
Great Book of Organum
Written by Leonin.
Magnus Liber Organi
was music for the entire church year, in the new polyphonic style.
Perotin expanded it and increased the number of voice parts(first to three, then four).
the lied
solo art song of 19th century, usually accompanied by piano.
strophic form
Song structure in which the same music is repeated with every stanza of the poem
third movement of a classical symphony is frequently in:
minuet and trio
Cite 3 outdoor instruments, cite 3 indoor instruments
Outdoor: Shawms, sackbut(like trombone), and corretto
Indoor: Recorders, viola, pipe
baroque artists etc. whose aim was to resurrect musical drama of ancient greece
the florentine camerata
Compare and contrast Renaissance and Baroque style
Renaissance had modal harmony, baroque had major/minor tonality.
Renaissance had imitative polyphony, baroque had a new monodic or solo style: polyphony in late Baroque.
Renaissance had a'capella, in Baroque concerted music(voices and instruments) were more popular
the most important patron of music in the middle ages?
the roman catholic church
The life of Hildegard
was promised to the church as a tithe by her parents. She was the youngest of ten children.
Founded her own convent in 1150 in Rupertsberg, Germany.
completed three collections in manuscript entitled Scivias.
wrote religious poetry with music in a volume "Symphony of the Harmony of Celestial Revelations/Symphonia armonie celestium revelationum) Liturgic cycle.
Cite 3 Italian courts, city &family name
Cardinal Ascanio Sforza of Milan and Ercole d'Este, duke of Ferrara, in Rome.
Name: St. Mark's
City: Venice, Italy
Family Name: duke of Mantua
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