Mythology 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
distinct
separate
Mercury
Hermes
archetypes
idealized models
bromios, liber
dionysos
Aphrodites animal
Dove, Swan
Alcinous
king of phaeacians
father to all
Zeus
latin for trees
Arbores
Ares
Mars, God of War
love, sex, beauty
Aphrodite Functions
Euripides
Father of Modern Drama
Narcissus (who)
loved his reflection
hecuba
the wife of Priam.
Hades
Roman Name: Pluto, Dis
Domain: Underworld
Symbols: Bident, Helmet of Invisibility
Other: Wife is Persephone
Poseidon
Neptune; sea, earthquakes; trident, fish, bull, horse
Aphrodite
Greek goddess of sexual attractionrelated to Ishtar
Dionysus' Courtier, fortunate learns not good
Damocles
ambrosia
the food of the gods
laestrygon
giant cannibals encountered by Odysseus on his return to Ithaca.
Arachne
expert weaver who doesn't show deference to the gods and is turned into a spider
Electra
The daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. She helped Orestes avenge the murder of their father by killing Clytemnestra; she married Pylades and gave birth to Medon and Strophius.
Coyote
North American Plains cultural hero and trickster
Atlas
Supported the heavens on his back
Calchas
prophet who accompanied Achaens to Troy
redoubtable
that is to be feared; formidable.
nemesis
something that a person cannot conquer, achieve, etc.:
King Aegeus
King of Athens, Theseus' father, Medea's second husband
Midas
everything he touched turned to gold. Killed his daughter by touching her was near starvation. Had spell removed.
Pandora
"all gifts"
 
artificial woman created by the gods,given box instructed no to open. She did open and plagued mankind. She was sent to punish man for Prometheus' theft of fire
Pan
Name means all, part man part goat.
Zeus
Jupiter; sky, thunder, ruler of gods and olympus; thunderbolt, eagle oak tree, throne
Homer
Composer of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Apollo
(God of Sun, Poetry, Medicine, Math, Music); (Lyre [like the harp], Bow, Golden Chariot)
spinster
a woman still unmarried beyond the usual age of marrying.
hygiene
a condition or practice conducive to the preservation of health, as cleanliness.
mocking
to attack or treat with ridicule, contempt, or derision.
odyssey
an epic poem attributed to Homer, describing Odysseus's adventures in his ten-year attempt to return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War.
labyrinth
An intricate combination of paths or passages in which it is difficult to find ones way or to reach the exit.
Tartarus
the pit that the Titans were put in
Works and Days
Adds significant detail to the information in Theogony.
Io
Zeus changed Io to cow; Hera furious; Hermes bore Argus, 100 eye monster, to death; Hera put Argus's eyes on her bird
 
Outcome: Eyes on peacock's tail
Narcissus
A beautifu youth belove by echo but who, refusing to love anyone else, fell in love with his own image
terminal
fatal or ending/ Terminus the god of ends
Hermes' son who is part human, part goat
Pan
jason
a hero, the leader of the Argonauts, who at the request of his uncle Pelias retrieved the Golden Fleece from King Aeëtes of Colchis with the help of Medea.
Charybdis
a daughter of Gaea and Poseidon, a monster mentioned in Homer and later identified with the whirlpool Charybdis
Hunting and Agricultural Myths
concerned with animals and the hunt
[Creation (World and Mankind)]Giants, Cyclops, Titan's
First beings of the Earth.
Rhadamanthus
One of the Judges of the Dead and brother of Minos
mythology
a body of myths, as that of a particular people or that relating to a particular person:
deities
to be a god or being the nature of being a god or goddess.
Birth of Apollo
takes place on Delos because it's not solid land nor normal island. Assisted by sister Artemis
Bronze Age
the third of the four ages of the human race, marked by war and violence regarded as inferior to the silver age but superior to the following iron age
god of sun, music, poetry, and medicine
apollo
lyre, laurel tree, dolphin, crow
What was the subject of Arachne's weaving?
All the things the gods did wrong
Athena
Minnerva
Athena/Minerva
wisdom
Hestia/Vesta(symbols)
Symbol:Sacred flame
chaos
hopeless confusion
Telemachus
Odysseus' son
Demeter's daughter was
Perephone
Hera/Juno
goddess of marriage
caprice
a sudden desire
Sally Jackson
Percy's mother
Hades/Pluto
god of the underworld
fickle
not fixed or firm
Who was Demeter's daughter?
Persephone
Demeter/Ceres
goddess of agriculture, fertility,and the seasons
Dionysus Greek name
Bacchus Roman name
Early Civilizations: Mesopotamia
Exposed, unpredictable flooding
Hercules
half god, mother was mortal
Polyphemus
the cyclops, son of Poseidon
majestic in manner, superior to mundane affairs;
Olympian
Demeter; Ceres
Goddess of agriculture and fertility
Who were Posidon/Neptune's brothers?
Hades and Zues
Hestia/Vesta
goddess of the home and hearth
Apollo/Apollo
Goddess of sun, light, and music
Solon (N)
Somebody wise: somebody wise, especially an experienced and wise legislator or politician.
Who were the god's parents?
the titans
a very ugly or terrible person, especially a repulsive woman; Medusa, any one of three sisters who have snakes for hair and faces so horrible that anyone who looked at them turned to stone
Gorgon
juno
the protector and special counselor of the state. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief god Jupiter and the mother of Juventas, Mars, and Vulcan. Her Greek equivalent is Hera
Hephestus; Vulcan
God of smiths and metal workers
NARCISSISM
a youth of extraordinary beauty who fell in love with his own reflection; died longing for his own image and was turned into a white flower
Palladium (N)
Safeguard: a protection or safeguard, especially one protecting social and civic institutions.
1.T/F. The Romans had gods for responsibilities such as guardian of the cradle.
2. What were the Roman Gods called?
 
1.True
2.Numina
Antie Em's Garden Emprium
Where Percy encounters Medusa
a powerful man; king of the gods, ruler of Mt. Olympus, vengeful hurler of thunderbolts
Zeus
what is pan
he is part man part goat
Elysian Fields
a pre-Hellenic paradise, a land of perfect peace and happiness. In the works of Homer, Elysium was a land at the farthest and westernmost edge of the world to which the great heroes were carried, body and soul, and made immortal. There they were free to pursue their favorite activities, and worries and illness were unknown. Soon, however, Elysium came to be regarded as the abode of the blessed dead, where the souls of dead heroes, poets, priests, and others lived in perfect happiness, surrounded by grass, trees, and gentle winds and enveloped in rose-tinted, perpetual light.
Hydra
monster with nine heads and the body of a dog
The Gorgons
three sisters whose look turned anyone who gaze at them to stone. 2 were mortal, but medusa was not.\
King Arthur
Son of Uther Pendragon, send to Merlin's care as a baby, in the land of Mystery, Avalon.
something that opens the door for bad occurrences, opened by someone known for curiosity
Pandora's Box
Zeus/Jupiter
god of the sky and ruler of the Olympians
Neolithic Period: Catal Huyuk
7,500 BCEin turkey. 10,000 people. goddess-centered culturemother goddess = inanna
Draconian (adj)
To harsh. Of Draco: relating to the Athenian statesman Draco of the 7th century BC, or to his wide-ranging and harsh code of laws
T/F Persephone was the center of belief for immortality.
False, Dionysus was.
helios
He is son of Hyperion and Theia and a sun god
The meaning of the statement "struck down by one of Apollo's arrows.''
That someone died suddenly.
Who was the god of love? Greek and Latin name?
Greek:Eros
Latin:Cupid
Hero in Classical Mythology
- Special powers which have huge impact
- brave
- strong physically and good character
- conquers impossible deeds
- favoured by gods
Athena/Minerva's cause for helping Perseus in his quest to kill Medusa.
She wanted Medusa's head on her shield.
How did Semele die?
Because Hera made her say to see Zeus's true divine form. If mortals see a God's true form, they basically disentagrate.
What was Hermes job?
he was the messenger of the gods and of dead soul to the underworld
How did Dionysus greet Pantheus?
By bringing in a whole bunch of drunken dancers.
What does the Trojan War story represent?
The greek's struggle to deal with stages in their personal development. shows how war affects individuals in personal lives.
Who dethroned Cronus? And what did he do(Cronus) after he was dethroned?
Zeus dethroned Cronus, and then Cronus fled to Italy to start the Golden Age.
What did Dionysus do to the king Lycyrgus? What happened to Lycyrgus after that?
Dionysus trapped him in a cave until Lycyrgus realized who he was messing with.
 
 
After, Zeus blinded Lycygrus who shortly died after that.
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