N468 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cysto
bladder
furuncle
boil
-emesis
vomiting
-phasia
speech
pyrexia
fever.
prn
when required
Therapeutic technique_____________-
The main idea of what the patient has said is repeated; this lets the patient know whether or not an expressed statement has been understood and gives him/her the chance to continue or to clarify if necessary.
Ex- pt-&q
Restating
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
-phthisis
wasting away
BACTERIOCIDAL or BACTERIOSTATIC?Tetracyclines
BacterioSTATIC
cofounding variables
contaminating factors
BSE
Breast Self Examination
follicul/o
follicle; small sac
-plasty
fixation (of an organ)
Dysmenorrhea
painful; "normal" length amount
rectally; per rectum
PR
Non-therapeutic technique___________-
Nice weather today
it's for your own good
keep your chin up
Making stereotyped comments
dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing.
Antitussive Non-narcotic
Promethazine (Phergan)must be ordered
Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy (CMP) constitutes a group of diseases that directly affect the structural or functional ability of the myocardium. A diagnosis of CMP is made based on the patient's clinical manifestations and noninvasive and invasive diagnostic procedures.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
deliberate and systematic collection of data to determine a client's current and past health status
assessment
Eligibility criteria
specific characteristics that researchers use to delimit the study population
Amantadine (symmetrel) and Levodopa- carbidopa (sinemet) are in what drug classification?
Dopaminergics
critical thinking
discipline specific, reflective reasoning process that guides a nurse
Cardiac risk factors
smoking, cholesterol, hypertension, physical inactivity, obesity
essential
nutrients foods must supply because the body can't make them for itself in sufficient quantity
Spermatocele
cystic swelling occurring on the epididymis
smaller than hydrocele, can still transilluminate
Culturally sensitive 
 care that demonstrates basic knowledge of and constructive attitudes towards the health traditions observed among the diverse cultural groups found in the setting
Intimate Space
within 6 inches of someone
Percieving
process of retrieving and interpreting sensory stimuli that function as a basis for understanding, knowing, or learning
HORDEOLUM
STY, INFECTIOUS PROCESS IN THE EYELID
logrolling
method of turning patients following neurosurgical procedures when the spine must be maintained in alighnment. Two nurses use a sheet to turn the patient as a unit, if the patient is unable to support the head a third party is neccesary
psychological signs and symptoms of stress
anxiety
fear
anger
depression
unconscious ego defenses i.e.
denial
displacement
projection
rationalization
regression
sublimination
cyst/o
urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
ischemia
local deficiency of blood supply produced by vasoconstriction or local obstacles to the arterial flow.
Albendazole category has many names... such as Ivermectin, and treats
Worms, Protazoa
Striae
silvery white or pink scar tissue formed by stretching of ab skin with pregnancy or obesity
Drug Interaction
The beneficial or harmful interaction of one drug with another drug.
pulse pressure
the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures. 30-50 is normal
Anger 
an emotional state consisting of a subjective feeling of animosity or strong displeasure
Parkinson’s Disease
Progressive loss of dopamine causes tremor, muscle rigidity, abnormal movement and posture
Arthroscopy
direct visualization of a joint by insertion of a scope
Ideational theories
suggest that cultural conditions that cultural conditions and adaptations stem from mental activity and ideas
 
 
Lichenification
SL- A rough, thickened, hardened area of epidermis resulting from chronic irritation such as scratching or rubbing. Examples: Chronic dermatitis.
May need to measure what for trending?
distention
Unintentional torts

Malpractice
Negligence that occurs while the person is performing as a professional...it must be proven
Dysrhythmias
Heart failing as a punp - irractically.
cognitive
of or pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes.
nursism
a form of sexism that maligns the caring role in society and leads to discrimination in nursing by virtue of the role undertaken, regardless of gender
Creatinine height index
used to assess body protein status
Agonist
A drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response.
braden risk assessment scale
for pressure ulcer prevention-sensory perception-activity-moisture-mobility-nutrition-friction and shear
Crisis intervention 
 a short term helping process of assisting clients to work through a crisis to its resolution and restore their pre crisis level of functioning
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF TETRALOGOY OF FALLOT?
who is most succeptable to health care-associated infections
older adults
the overall plan for addressing a research question, including strategies for enhancing the study's integrity
research design
 
 
 
Onycholysis
The nail plate loosens from the distal nail and proceeds to the proximal portion.
national league for nursing
development and improvement of nursing education-non nurses can become members-offers voluntary accrediation for nurses
This item requires only a checking or writing in of a scaled value judgment.
structured
Weak pulses occur with?
Vasoconstriction of decreased cardiac output
mar
to damage or spoil to a certain extent; render less perfect, attractive, useful, etc.; impair or spoil:
Negative relationship
A high score on one variable is correlated with a low score on the other variable.
Metered-Dose Inhaler (MDI)
A handheld nebulizer, which is a pressurized container of medication that can be used by the client to release the medication through a mouthpiece.
Beneficence 
the moral obligation to do good or to implement actions that benefit clients and their support persons
Safe weight loss
Weigh once a week1-2 lbs per week
GALLOP
A HEART RATE WITH THREE SOUNDS TO EACH BEAT
These organs are located in what quadrant: Duodenum, Gallbladder, Liver, Right adrenal gland and upper kidney, hepatic flexure of the colon, head of the pancreas, and sections of the ascending and transverse colon?
right upper quadrant
Means of transmission of bacteria:
Direct contact- direct physical contact between infected carrier and suseptable host: Airborne/droplet is also direct
alzheimer's disease
a common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability.
Standards of care
Define acts that are permitted to be perfomed or prohibited from being preformed.
Sims Position
may be used as an alternative to the lithotomy position for a rectal examination as it provides access to the anus and rectum.
How do Oral contraceptives prevent ovulation?
inhibit realease of gonadotropins (FSH/LH), this prevents maturation of ovarian follicle, by increasing mucous viscosity making it more difficult fro sperm to move and implant.
what is the site of choice for an IM injection?
ventrogluteal
Class IV - block calcium
antihypertensives - reduce influx of calcium ions during action potential.
Causes of Aortic Valve Regurgitation
Aortic valve regurgitation may be the result of primary disease of the aortic valve leaflets, the aortic root, or both. Acute aortic regurgitation (AR) is caused by IE, trauma, or aortic dissection and constitutes a life-threatening emergency. Chronic AR is generally the result of rheumatic heart disease, a congenital bicuspid aortic valve, syphilis, or chronic rheumatic conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis or Reiter's syndrome.
What are the 3 types of lipidemics?
niacin (B2), statins, bile-acid sequestrants
when can you not use hand sanitizer?
when your hands are soiled
How many days does it take Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) to double?
Doubles every 33 days
what are the things to consider when accessing the client for risk of infection
Age, lifestyle, occupation, diagnostic prcedures, hereditary, travel history, trauma, nutrition
Interventions to manage a patient who is experiencing fecal and urinary incontinence include:
Utilzation of an incontience cleanser, followed by application of a moisture-barrier ointment.
What teachings are associated with CNS depressants (hypnotics)?
1hr before bed, 6-8 hrs uninterrupted sleep, monitor for sleep walking and hangover, short term use only 3-4 mths, elderly smaller doses, long-term 3-4 mths then skip 1-2 nights a week
What is an unbound drug ...active or inactive?
only unbound drugs are active, bound drugs are innactive
what food should be avoided by someone with gallbladder disease?
high fat foods, whole milk and luch meat
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