Native American Flashcards

Terms Definitions
On
Onondaga
ceremony
a celebration
awaken
to wake up
Flint
A hard brittle stone.
Eastern woodlands
artifacts- birchbark wigwam,turkey feather ceremonial cape, birch-bark canoe
historic
well-known or important in history:
artifact
An object made by a person.
powwow
Native American ceremony that often includes traditional dancing and games.
gallop
the fastest speed of a horse
longhouse
A long wooden building in which several families could live.
Mitotes
All night celebrations held by indians especially the Coahuiltecans
archaeologist
Scientist who studies the artifacts of people who lived long ago and draws conclusions about them.
chief
The man selected to run the clan.
artifacts
Historical objects made by people in the past.
council
an assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice.
Javelines
A type of wild pig native to Texas
totem pole
Wooden post carved with animals or other images: often made by Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest to honor ancestors or special events.
children
Indians who were part of the wifes clan and were taught to respect thier elders.
Heterophony
When two or more voices elaborate the same melody in different ways at roughly the same time
What region of th eUnited States did the Pueblo Indians live in?
Southwest
palisades
A wall made of tall wooden poles to protect a village from enemies.
Deganawide and Hiawatha
traveled from tribe to tribe speaking of peace
technology
the use of skills, ideas, and tools to meet peoples' needs
The main source of food for he Plain Indians was
buffalo
tradition
A way of life or an idea handed down from the past.
What are cradleboards.
A carrier for babies made of leather, wood, and other materials.
Navajo Traditional Popular Music
Up to the 1940s: Dance songs from ceremonials (such as a war dance)
The 60s and 70s: Country and Western Pop
The 90s: Song and dance; often competitions are held, accompanied by songs from the war dance repertory
What is an elder?
An older perosn who is respected in a community.
Apache means?
Enemy
Incas main city?
Cuzco
cultural regions
similar cultures developed
archaeologists
study artifacts-things people left behind-to learn more about how they lived
Organisation and Form
simple and complex
farming
meant that hunter-gatherers could stay in one place instead of moving around in search of food
Rhythm
A time-relation between sounds; the duration of sonic events in time
oral history
Historical information which was spoken
What were the three sisters?
corn, squash, beans
Pueblo
a town in Spanish colonies; Anasazi village
animals
what indians named their tribes after because they respected them and felt that these would protect them
Musical Characteristics of Yeibichai
performers/performance style: groups (teams) of male voices
vocal features: vocalized yells or shouts; ornamentation; male falsetto; vocables
musical accompaniment: rattle
structure: repetition—interweaving of repeating phrases/motives
introduction: sung almost entirely on the basic note (the tonic)
ending: rattle shaking
religious significance: part of a nine-night ritual ceremony during which masked dancers impersonate the gods to bring supernatural power to help cure a sick person the "one-sung-over": the person being cured by ritual
other features: masked dancers; costumes
Athabascan (tribe, feature)
Navajo, strong maintenance of tradition in music
agriculture
another name for faming, growing crops and raising livestock
reservation
land set aside by the us government for native americans
Culture
entire way of life developed by a people
migrate
to move from one place to another without setting up a perminent home
Monophony
When the musical texture consists of a single melody only
clan
Families who are related by a common ancestor, a group with similar interests.
Arctic Native Americans
Native Americans that lived near the North Pole; hunted foxes, polar bears, seals, and walruses; lived in igloos
pyramid
a building with 3 or more sides shaped like a triangle
"Shootingway" songs
are sacred, not for recording as could be used improperly and either lose their power or be bad for the community
prehistoric
of or pertaining to the time or a period prior to recorded history:
Music with Newly Created Navajo Texts and Melodies: Western Elements
Standard guitar, western-style harmonies, steady, consistent meter
the league of the iroquois
is the alliance that the Mohawk, Seneca, Oneida, Onodaga, and Cayuga made to protect each other
What are some animals that Europeans brought to the New World?
The Europeans brought horses, cows, chickens, pigs, and sheep.
Tell 4 things about the Plains Indians.
1. They hunted buffalo.2. They lived in teepees while they were hunting.3. They wore mocassins.4. They carried their babies in cradleboards.
Inuit(shelter)
igloos
Protruded
jutted out
Toltee
War- Like
Seminole(food)
fish and farm
Oliphant vs. Suquamish
1978
Mississipian sites
Cahokia, Moundville, Spiro
Kwakiutl(shelter)
long houses made from wood
sachem
the chief of a tribe
plateau
valued goods over everything else (materialistic)+
Chumask basket
rare, intricate designs, Southern California
wampum
cylindrical beads made from shells, pierced and strung, used by the north american indians as a medium of exchange for ornaments, and for ceremonial and sometimes spiritual purposes
T/F-N.A.'s thought of themselves as the first single nation of No. Am.
false
hogan
A dome-shaped Navajo shelter built by covering a log frame with mud or adobe
Santeria:
: combination of African and Christian practices which developed in CubaReligion of the Saints. This website is great! http://www.orishanet.org/santeria.html
orgin myth
passed down from generation to generation.
Seminole wars
Seminoles under Osceola and escaped black slaves refused to move out of Florida and staged guerrilla War against the United States
Orator
a person who delivers a speech or oration
native americans of what region lived in longhouses
eastern woodlands
Women's ceremonial hat-NW
worn by women without children, decorative for dances, artist-Amy Smoker
travois
sled made of poles tied together; used by Native Americans to transport good across the plains
Tepee
Type of housing used on the Great Plains made of buffalo hide.
Gold rush
a period from1848 to 1856 when thousands of people came to California in order to search for gold.
Hopewell earthen mounds 200-400
Hopewell earthen mounds, use for ceremonial, social, burial purposes. In the manner of Adena, but with more representation, more elaborate.
confederate
One who is united with others in a league, compact, or agreement.
Long Walk
a 300-mile walk the Navajo were forced to endure across a desert to a reservation in Bosque Redondo, New Mexico and many Navajo died
They moved to follow the herds of animals that they hunted
The Earliest Americans
why were mounds built by native americans in south west
for cemeteries to burry the dead
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