Native American Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
S
Seneca
petroglyphs
carvings on rocks
migration
The movement of people.
drought
a long period without rain
Polyrhythm
Simultaneous occurrence of multiple rhythms
Mountain Range
A group of connected mountains.
bartering
trading. Indians traded furs for European goods
Plains style of music sometimes called
pan-indian
wigwam
an American Indian dwelling, usually of rounded or oval shape, formed of poles overlaid with bark, mats, or skins.
wampum
polished seashells hung on strings or woven into belts
lacrosse
played to settle arguments and to teach children skills needed for adulthood; also played for fun
gorge
A narrow, deep valley with steep sides.
glacier
Thick sheets of ice that covered Earth's surface during the Ice Age.
basic needs
Those things necessary for survival: food, clothing, and shelter.
nomad
person who moves from place to place in search of food
Eastern Woodlands
large area along the eastern coast, which included NY, where Native Americans lived
tribe
a community of people who share common customs, languages and rituals
culture
the way of life a people shares, includes language, food, arts, and beliefs
reservation
Land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans.
civilization
human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached
Population
The number of people who live in an area.
adaptations
Changes in a people's way of life for survival.
Ethnomusicology
The study of music in culture or the study of music as culture. Includes elements of musical organization (such as sound and structure) and the place of music in human life
Who built totem poles?
The Northwest Coastal indians built totem poles.
how N.A. got food
they hunted, used the sea, or farmed
What is a hogan?
A house made of mud and logs.
What surrounded the longhouses?
palisade which was a big fence to keep out enemies
Where did most Native Americans live near and why?
They lived near water for easy hunting and to get water for themselves
Termination
1940's-1950's
eskimo
far north
non-effigy gorget
Pacify
to calm down
Southwest
Navaho, hopi, pueblo
yelm jim
took out sluggia
coastal
characteristics: oval face, shorter, stockier, reddish-brown skin color, straight black hair+
sweat lodge
lodgeUsed for spiritual/physical purification. Done for own sake and often for spiritual preparation for rituals. Sometimes fasted.Sat inside of teepee made out of buffalo hide. Rocks were heated then brought into the tent then water poured over to make steam(done 3 times). Represents rebirth and all spiritual impurities left behind as participants leave the lodge. **Black Elk did before all ceremonies and before performing his visions.
Tenochtitlan
capital of the Aztec empire
what culture included human sacrifice in their religious practices
aztecs
ceremony
activity done for a special purpose
oral tradition
unwritten, memorized accounts of historical events and stories
Cultural details
references to objects, animals, or practices that signal how people live, think or worship
Sequoya
Born in Tennessee, he was part Cherokee. He only spoke Cherokee and never learned English. He devised a way to convert Cherokee onto a written language first with pictures and then later with symbols. His alphabet had 86 symbols.
Mary/William Benson
Pomo baskets, very well-known, very collectible, light and dark design, basket a gift to the trader who helped his wife w/ corneal surgery
Anasazi
4 corners- Utah, Colorado, N. Mexico, Arizona
Kachinas
spirits who were represented by masked Native American dancers who were thought to bring rain.
They settled in the Eastern Woodlands of North America
Iroquois
Arrow
A weapon consisting of a thin, straight stick with a sharp point , designed to be shot from a bow.
The Bat
Indian Chief of the Cheyenne who fought against the white man in many battles. He was more than six feet tall and weighed over 200 lbs. This was considered huge in the 1800's when he lived.
tepee
cone shaped homes made of long poles with animal skins stretched across them
these three groups built beautiful cities and excelent roads, and developed a great civilization
INCA AZTEC MAYA
Weave
Create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton.
Turtle Island
The original name given to America by the Native American settlers
artifacts
an object made by a group of humans, such as tools and clothes
Monte Verde
Site in Chile with evidence of human life in 10,500 B.C.E.
NE prevalent basket technique
twinning most prevalent, is a bundle of grass and woody root fibers, bundle and twin method, used quills as accents
1924 - Indian Citizenship act
U.S grants citizenship to all native Americans
How did the mound builders get their name?
from building mounds out of the earth
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