native americans 2 Flashcards

native american
Terms Definitions
One
Oneida
barter
To trade goods.
ancestor
An early family member.
colt
a young male horse
Music
Humanly patterned or organized sound
cooperation
working together toward a common goal
how the N.A. got clothing
animal skins
longhouse
Building used for shelter by Iroquois.
hieroglyphic
designating or pertaining to a pictographic script, particularly that of the ancient Egyptians, in which many of the symbols are conventionalized, recognizable pictures of the things represented.
Erosion
The gradual wearing away of the Earth's surface.
Pemmican
Food of plains Indians; dried buffalo meat with berries, nuts, fruits and roots
Beringia
Ice Age land bridge connecting North America and Asia.
What the Miwok people celebrated at their festival
acorn
lodge
Large, round hut built by Plains Indians
Algonquians
North American people that lived in southern New York State, in what is now Long Island and the Hudson River Valley
compromise
each side gives up something to reach an agreement
role of women
farmed; gathered nuts and berries; made baskets, pots and clothing
adobe
a brick or building material made of sun-dried earth and straw.
historians
poeple who make a living out of studing and teaching history
travois
Sled made of poles tied together; used by Native Americans to transport goods across the plains.
What were the homes of the Sioux Indians called?
teepees
class
A group of people in a society who have something in common.
Culture Area
region in which people share a similar way of life
Musical Characteristics of Zuni Lullaby
Performers: Solo old woman
Voice quality: raspy
Text: Affectionate names for a child
Phrase structure: repetition
Melodic Range: 2 tones
Accompaniment: None
Texture: No harmony
Meter: free rhythm
Function: Lullaby
What does "barter" mean?
The word "barter" means to trade.
role of children
did not go to school; learned by playing games and helping parents with chores
What is a pow wow?
A celebration of Native American culture that includes dances, songs, and traditional dress.
Feature of drums in "Enemyway"
beat constantly, to beat the spirit into the ground
The Plains Indians depended on what animal for food, clothing, homes, and blankets?
The buffalo was used for food, clothing, homes, tools, blankets, and many other things.
Sachems
council member
Civilization
Highly advanced culture
Artifacts
Object made by humans
drought
a long period without rain
shaman
Native American doctor or healer
Environment
The surroundings in which people, plants, and animals live.
powwows
a Native American festival where people share music, costumes, dances, and crafts
"Nightway" ceremony
9 night ritual for healing
artifact
an object made by people long ago
potlatch
a large party given by native americans; the people holding the party give gifts and food to their guests
Native American contributions
baskets, pottery, tools, canoes, lacrosse, music, words, maple syrup
primary source
An eyewitness account of an event.
Southeast
artifacts- palm leaf chickee built on platform,deerskin leggings, cypress dugout canoe
who had 20,00 miles of paved roads?
Incas
What job would a Pueblo Indian have?
farmer
wampum
a string or belt of small polished beads
Iroquois Confederacy
the joining together of the five Iroquois tribes in peace to defend against their common enemies
Indians
The name given to native americans by Christopher Colombus
reservations
land set aside for Native Americans by the United States government
"Yei"
grandfathers of the gods, who dance on the last night of the "Nightway" ceremony, bringing supernatural healing for the sick person
sign language
any means of communication, as between speakers of different languages, using gestures.
empire
a group of lands and peoples ruled by one leader
migration route
The path people follow from one place to another.
Navajo Classical Music
Ceremonial chants; a series of songs accompanying Navajo rituals deign to restore a person's harmony with the world of nature and to retell the Navajo creation story. Has a very repetitive form, few recordings exist
ally
a person or a group that has joined with another to accomplish a specific goal
Bones of animals were used for what?
to make weapons and tools
Musical Characteristics of Sioux War (Grass) Dance
Performers: Mixture of solo and group singing
Voice quality: falsetto
Vocal technique: portamento
Text: vocables
Phrase structure: repetition
Instruments: drums and rattles, Tempo: fast
Meter: a steady beat (3-beat, sometimes 4-beat patterns) but no regular meter.
Function: Accompanies a Sioux war dance
How did horses change life for the Indians?
Riding horses made it easier for Indians to hunt. It made it easier for Indians to fight their enemies. Horses allowed Indians to travel further much more quickly.
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