AP Euro extra Flashcards

Terms Definitions
boccaccio
Italian poet
1815
congress of Vienna
1588
spanish armada defeated
boyle
father of modern chemistry
Loughman
-a British upper-middle-class woman who worked in a munitions plant
- shows women's role during the war and their arduous work while proving that women are just as capable as men
hobbes
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings
Pig War
-early 20th century
-economic conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia
-A-H tried to isolate Serbia economically-builds railroad, stopped importing Serbian livestock-this was a response to Serbia decreasing it's economic independence on AH
I am the state
l'etat c'est moi
plato
Greek philosopher; knowledge based on consideration of ideal forms outside the material world
principia
1687: Newton's book which established the law of universal gravitation and banished Ptolemy's laws and universe for good.
harvey
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood
watt
Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry
baroque
this architecture was stucco, fancy columns, try to brighten everything up
Abdulhamid II
-Turkish sultan during late 19th/early 20th centuries who originally agreed to a constitution that allowed for reforms but then suspended the constitution
-did cause significant reforms
-but also he brutally repressed the non-Muslim people of his empire
Big Bertha
German's massive military cannon that could lob shells for many miles
Magellan
sailed all the way around the world
novum organum
Bacon, attacked scholastic belief that most truth was already discovered and only needed explanations
greco-roman architecture
geometric - comlumns - marble/granite used
spinning jenny
an early spinning machine with multiple spindles
defenstration
__________ of prague was when the ambassador was thrown out of the window
cottage industry
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
europeanization
peter the great's attempt to make russia more like the rest of europe
Franz Joseph
-emperor of AH in 19th/early 20th centuries
-was determined for AH to have a strong imperial army and maintain its prestige
Russo-Turkish War
-late 19th century war between Russia and Turkey caused by Russia wanting territorial expansion and nationalism in the Balkans
Toleration Patent of 1781
Passed by enlightened Austrian monarch, Joseph II and gave equality to RC, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Greek Orthodox...last burning of a 'heretic' in Europe took place in 1781
Marburg Colloquy (1529)
Zwingli and Luther split over interpretation of Eucharist
wallenstein
(Danish Phase) He was a catholic noble who replace Frederic IV and he also led the Imperial forces of Bohemia
richard simon
French scholar who contributed to the beginnings of biblical scholarship; questioned the reality of miracles and pointed to errors added in medieval times
coalitions against napoleon
there were seven __________ staring from the Italian campaigns to Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo. These usually included the same great powers, Brittan, Austria, and Russia.
baroque art
demonstrating the glory and power of Catholic church- emphasized grandeur, emotion, movement , spaciousness and unity of a certain theme
1648
pease of westphalia ends the 30 years war in ____
Sir Roger Casement
Irish nationalist and hero who tried to get the Germans to help them militarily achieve independence
-the uprising ended in failure
Dutch Revolt (1566-1609)
Philip II of Spain loses prized commercial lands...Dutch independence recognized by the Treaty of Westphalia
fredrick ii
the Great; Prussian king; one of best educated and most cultured monarchs in the 18th century; seemed willing to make enlightened reforms (and he made some) but kept Prussia's serfdom and rigid social structure intact and avoidedany additional reforms; also enlarged Prussian Army; credited with making Prussia a great European power
jacob burckhardt thesis
said the renaissance is rebirth of classical values from ancient greek and rome, Break from the middle ages because during the middle ages people were wearing a veil of common conceptions and religious assumptions and thinking as a group (renaissance = for the first time people saw themselves as individuals)
st bartholomew's day massacre
Mass slaying of Huguenots (Calvinists) in Paris, 1572.
thomas more
Henry's Lord Chancellor and one of the leaders of the Catholic humanist party in England. He wrote utopia
economic controls
An attempt to control food prices, as well as an ideal to have smaller community and property ownership. They did not favor an unregulated economy
discourse on method
Written by Descartes --> "I think therefore I am." Separation of mind and matter
Vasco de Gama
sailed from portugal to the tip of Africa to India
English Bill of Rights (1689)
Made England a limited monarchy; reaffirmed many of the provisions of the Petition of Right
natural law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
Bosnian Crisis of 1908
-period of great tension in much of Europe caused AH trying to directly annae Bosnia and Herzegovina (which went against the Congress of Berlin)
-caused Russians and Serbs to be angry but didn't lead to war
-further consolidated German/AH alliance due to the weakening of faith in Italy's loyalty
-also severely weakened Russian relations with AH
Edict of Fontainebleau (1685
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes Æ 200,000 Huguenots fled France.
paris is worth a mass
The reason Henry IV gave when he converted to Catholicism
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