Non-Fiction Unit Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Fiction
story
motif
reoccurring structures/contrasts/literary devices that can help develop the theme
Conflict
A problem
guileful
(adj) Deceitful; tricky
immersed
deeply involved in
aperture
An opening or hole
irony
contrastbetween expectation and reality
Realistic Fiction
events could actually happen
beleivable charachters events present day modern day problems
dilapidated
falling to pieces; broken down
character traits
qualitys of a character
intolerant
unable or unwilling to accept
illustrations
drawings and photographs that present info in visual form
Narrator
a person who tells a story
Device
Any literary technique used to deliberately achieve a specific effect
"A field to Iridescence and memory/Postcards from Costa Rica"
Tevis
Complication
The introduction of a significant development in teh central conflict in drama or narrative between characters.
protagonist
the main character in the story
Reveal his/her in...
...inner thoughts, feelings, etc.
Mood
the prevailing feeling of a story, generated by language, setting, and the quality of the action
Dilemma
When a character must choose between to courses of action
discern
to detect or recognize to make out
Purpose
What are the authors goals and intentions. Persuade, Inform/instructive, Entertain/Amuse.
Theme
Whatever general idea or insight the entire story reveals
Analogy
Compares two things, which are alike in several respects, for the purpose of explaining or classifying some unfamiliar or difficult idea or object by showing how the idea or object is similar to some familiar one. While simile and analogy often overlap, the simile is generally done briefly for effect and emphasis, while analogy may be more extended.
Summarizing
Briefly stating the main points and key details of a work in your own words.
antagonist
the character or force in conflict with the protagonist
Magisterial
used of a person's appearance or behavior, used of a person's appearance or behavior
Interview
Conversation in which one person ask questions of another to obtain information.
idiom
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
exaggeration
something authors use to make a piece of writing more interesting. it is like stretching the truth
Deductive Reasoning
A pattern of thought that proceeds from the known to the unknown, from the general to the specific, or from a premise to a logical conclusion.
external conflict
a struggle between a character and something outside of himself or herself
man vs. man
man vs. nature
man vs. technology
man vs. society
man vs. supernatural/God
plot
sequence of events being told in a story. "Ministers Veil"
climax
the turning point or moment of highest intensity in the work when either the protagonist or antagonist must succeed
Lead
The opening paragraphs of a news story and contains essential information. It usually tells who, what, where, when, why, and how.
Primary vs. Secondary
Primary done yourself. Secondary is report from babson college because you did not do the research
Biography
an account of a person's life written by someone else
propaganda: bandwagon
most people have this or are doing this so you should too!
Monitoring for meaning
Developing an awareness of whether or not you understand what you read; being an active reader and using strategies to help you understand if you aren't "getting it."
first person advantages
allows narrator to speak directly to the reader, creating a greater sense of intimacy
Historical Reference
Referring to an event to illustrate an idea in action.
situational irony
occurs when ther is a contrats between what would seem appropriate to happen and what really happens
Persuasive Essay
tries to convince readers to adopt a certain point of view
point of view
angle from which the story is told
magor character
character the is in the spot light and is spoken about at length
Science Fiction
A type of modern fantasy based on real or imaged scientific developments, such as outer space, medicine, and technology.
third person point of view
someone on the outside is looking in and telling the story as he/she see it unfold.
ignorance
uneducation
mandate
FORMAL ORDER
The Yellow Wallpaper
Gilman
diligent
careful and hard-working
Internal
On the inside.
modernism
modern characters and situations
Stock character
a stereotyped character
exposition
introduces the characters, setting, and conflict
initiating event
the problem is introduced
Autobiography
The writer's own story, describing notable events of his or her life.
Generalization
A broad conclusion emphasizing common rather than specific details
Hills Like White Elephants
Author: ERNEST HEMINGWAY
Denouement
Occurs, if present, after the resolution and wraps up any remaining loose ends
Flat Character
a simple, one dimensional character
observe
to watch someone or something carefully in order to learn something
format
determine the arrangement of (data) for storage and display (in computer science)
narrative arc
needs a begging, middle and end
Symbolism
Device in Lit. where an object represents an idea
Setting
where and when the story takes place
novel
long work of fiction. plot that explores characters in conflict. novel may also have one or more subplots or minor stories and several themes.
indirect characterization
the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
Analyzing details:
help to understand elements of literature / pay attention to transitional words.
simile
a comparison between 2 unlike things using like or as
Spontaneous
Taking place without external cause or help.
social history
an area of historical study considered by some to be a social science that attempts to view historical evidence from the point of view of developing social trends (dr. jack o latern)
Symbol
A thing that suggests more than its literal meaning. They generally do not stand for any one meaning. They point or hint to a greater significance or meaning
Foreshadowing
Hints or clues at events that will come
round character
this character is fully developed - the writer reveals good and bad traits as well as background
third person
no character narrirates the story; can be a omniscient(all-knowing) or limited to only know one characters thoughts
Third person objective
the author limits him/herself to reporting what the characters say or do, he or she does not interpret their behavior or tell us their private thoughts or feelings
Incident
Distinct piece of action or an episode as in a story or play
Chronological Personal Essay
Alex Haley - My Furthest Black Person
STATIC CHARACTER
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
Descriptive Essay
Seeks to convey an impression about a person, place, or object
objective point of view
not told through any characters eyes
subjective detail
A detail that has to do with personal experience rather than some objective reality
Third Person Limited
the author tells the story in the third person and yet presents it as it as seen and understood by a single character, restricting information to what that character sees, hears, feels, and thinks
1st person point of view
narrators participation in the storys action
First Person Point of View
a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
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