Nouns and Pronouns Flashcards

Terms Definitions
noun- things
collar, bee
posessive noun
shows ownership
compound nouns- combined words
railroad
noun
A PERSON, PLACE, THING, OR IDEA
personal pronouns- second person, singular and plural
you, your, yours
interrogative pronoun
(whom, who, whoever, whomever, which, what, whatever, and whichever) ask questions
singular noun
names one person, place, thing, or idea
personal pronouns- third person, plural
they, them, their, theirs
appositive phrase
consists of an appositive and its modifiers
common noun
is more general, it does not name anything in particular
compound noun
two or more words used together as a single noun.
indefinite pronouns- singular or plural
all, any, more, most, none, some
subject pronoun
is used as a subject in sentence or as a predicate noun after a linking verb
direct object
a word or group of words the name the reciever of the action of a verb
nos
we
oft
often
he
han
earrings
Concrete noun
illis
for those
sui
of himself
ipse
he himself
bellum
war acc
manum
hand acc
animalia
animals acc
object pronoun
them
2nd subject
you
mare, maris, n.
sea
verbum, verbi, n.
word
osculum, osculi, n.
kiss
aes, aeris, n.
bronze
cornu, cornus, n.
horn
lux, lucis, f.
light
proper noun
Mr.Jones, Hawii
illos
those (men) acc
te
you acc (sg)
hac
by this (woman)
rege
by the king
puellis
by the girls
genu
for the knee
vobis
by you (pl)
voluptas (voluptatis)
F/3rd: pleasure
amor (amoris)
M/3rd: love
fur, furis
3rd/M,F: thief
speculum (-i)
2nd/N: mirror
sapientia (-ae)
F/1st: wisdom
2nd object plural
you
(a) clinic
en vårdcentral
(a) cola
en cola
(a) campsite
en campingplats
senex, senis, m.
old man
philosophus, philosophi, m.; philosopha, philosophae, f.
philosopher
eundem
the same man acc
officium (-ii)
N/2nd: duty, service
domina (-ae)
1st: mistress, lady
mundus (-i)
2nd/M: world, universe
as, assis
3rd/M: an as
(a) post office
en post
clementia, clementiae, f.
mildness, gentleness, mercy
beneficium, beneficii, n.
benefit, kindness; favor
vis, vis, f.
force, power, violence
delectatio, delectationis, f.
delight, pleasure, enjoyment
vinculum (-i)
2nd/N: bond, chain, fetter
custodia (-ae)
1st/F: protection, custody (Pl=guards)
forma (-ae)
F/1st: form, shape; beauty
Antecedent
the noun that pronoun replaces
Possesive Pronouns-
NEVER have an apostrophe
terra, terrae, f.
earth, ground, land, country
causa, causae, f.
cause, reason; case, situation
Indefinite pronouns
do not point out specifically
finis (finis)
3rd/M: end, limit, boundary; purpose
cupiditas (cupiditatis)
F/3rd: desire, longing, passion; cupidity, avarice
Noun of direct address
a person's name
her
hennes (both en and ett words)
intensive pronoun
stresses the word it refers to
discipula, discipulae, f.; discipulus, discipuli, m.
learner, pupil, student
Charles wandered off at his own (pace).
noun
plebs, plebis
3rd/F: the common people, populace, plebians
Which part of speech corresponds with the following words? examine, yell, type
Verb
Reflexive
"Self, selves) Refers back to subject, and indicated that the same person/thing is involved.
abstract noun
an idea feeling, quality or characteristics
pronoun
a word that replaces a noun or pronoun
qui, quae, quod (relative pronoun)
who, which, what, that
Abstract Nouns
cannot be seen or touched; a condition, feeling or idea
personal pronouns
refer to as person speaking,the person spoken to, or the person,place, or thing spoken about
Second person
Singular Plural
you, your, yours you, your, yours
proper adjectives
a descriptive word modifying a noun and formed from a proper noun; American civilization, Catholic priest
deus, dei, m. (nom. pl. = di, dat/abl. pl. = dis)
god
Proper Nouns
nouns that are capitalized. it names a specific person, place or thing. Must always begin with a capital letter.
indefinite pronoun
type of pronoun that refers to a person, place, thing or idea in a general way
demonstrative pronouns
used to show (this, these; Those used to be mine)
reflexive pronouns
refers to the subject and is necessary to the meaning of the sentence; ends in self or selves, usually comes after prepositions or verbs
aetas, aetatis, f.
period of life, life, age, an age, time
Collective Noun
a noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things
concrete noun
a person place or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
Independent Clause
contains a subject and a verb. it is a complete thought
Nouns ending with o preceded by a consonant
Usually add - es
Ex. Hero = heroes, potato = potatoes, echo = echoes
eum
him
Klasse
great
we
vi
fear
Abstract noun
eius
of him/her/it
interrogative
ask questions
Caesar, Caesaris, m.
Caesar
amor, amoris, m.
love
nata, natae, f.
daughter
nasus, nasi, m.
nose
plural
two or more
illum
that (man) acc
tu
you nom (sg)
quas
whom (fem pl)
manui
for the hand
diebus
by the days
animalibus
for the animals
Caesar (Caesaris)
M/3rd: Caesar
fenestra (-ae)
1st/F: window
puella (-ae)
F/1st: girl
osculum (-i)
2nd/N: kiss
cena (-ae)
1st/F: dinner
common
person, place thing
(a) girlfriend
en flickvän
(a) bank
en bank
stella, stellae, f.
star, planet
familia, familiae, f.
household, family
culpa, culpae, f.
fault, blame
servitus, servitutis, f.
servitude, slavery
saxum, saxi, n.
rock, stone
eosdem
the same men acc
idem
the same man nom
periculum (-i)
N/2nd: danger, risk
servitus (servitutis)
3rd/f: servitude, slavery
ars (artis)
F/3rd: art, skill
demonstrative
this that these those
(a) husband; man
en man
casa, casae, f.
house, cottage, hut
loca, locorum, n. pl
places, region
rus, ruris
3rd/N: the country, countryside
copiae (-arum)
F/1st: supplies, troops, forces
beneficium (-ii)
N/2nd: benefit, kindness; favor
singular nouns
indiviual things (soldier, cow)
this
den här / det här
loci, locorum, m. pl.
passages in literature
honor, honoris, m.
honor, esteem; public office
aliquis, aliquid (indefinite pronoun)
someone, somebody, something
istud
that of yours (that bad thing)
res (rei)
5th/F: thing, matter, business, affair
dux (ducis)
3rd/M: leader, guide; commander, general
Collective
club, troop, class, herd, orchestra, family, team, army, committee, group
(a) square (as in place)
ett torg
genus, generis, n.
origin; kind, type, sort, class
cupiditas, cupiditatis, f.
desire, longing, passion; cupidity, avarice
quidam (quaedam, quiddam)
a certain one/thing, someone, something
relative pronoun
used to begin a subordinate clause
Absolute Possesive Pronoun
These pronouns show possesion, these sit by themselves though; mine, yours, his, and hers are all examples
Label the word as noun, pronoun, or adjective.
Colombo is the (capital) of Sri Lanka.
noun
Foreign Plurals
words taken from a foreign language usually retain their foreign plural
subject pronouns
I, you, he, she, it, we, they
Demonstrarive
points out a specific person place or thing
Pronouns-
take place of a noun either singular or of a plural noun
idem (eadem, idem)
M, F, N Dem. Pronoun: the same
demonstrative pronoun
a pronoun used to demonstrate such as this, that, these ,those
Plural Possessive Noun
Shows that more than one person place or thing owns something.
Personal Pronoun
refer to : 1. the person speaking 2. the person spoken to 3. the person or thing spoken about
compound nouns
2 or more words put together to create one noun. They are created by:
~putting words together (rainbow)
~spacing words apart (ice cream)
~hyphenation (father-in-law)
antecedent of pronouns
is the noun or group of words acting as a noun for which the pronounstands
What is a compound noun?
two or more words that name one thing
waste basket
Nouns ending with f or fe
Usually change f to v and add - s or - es.
Ex. Wife = wives, leaf = leaves, half = halves
Sometimes add -s
Ex. Roof = roofs, chief = chiefs, belief = beliefs
quis?
who?
toll
great
Germany
Tyskland
happiness
Abstract noun
mihi
for me
ei
for him/her/it
servi
slaves nom
bella
wars nom
nihil
Neuter: nothing
possessive pronoun
my
mater, matris, f.
mother
poeta, poetae, m.
poet
mulier, mulieris, f.
woman
sol, solis, m.
sun
ignis, ignis, m.
fire
cena, cenae, f.
dinner
possesive pronouns
show possesion
horum
of these (men)
tui
of you (sg)
quam
whom (fem sg)
quod
which (nom sg)
regibus
by the kings
animalis
of the animal
puella
by the girl
genuum
of the knees
sacerdos (sacerdotis)
3rd/M: priest
victoria (-ae)
F/1st: victory
mons (montis)
3rd/M: mountain
aes, aeris
3rd/N: bronze
femina (-ae)
F/1st: woman
intensive
showing increased force
(a) friend
en kompis
(a) station
en station
senectus, senectutis, f.
old age
os, oris, n.
mouth, face
ager, agri, m.
field, farm
virgo, virginis, f.
maiden, virgin
dolor, doloris, m.
pain, grief
cuius
whose (of whom/which) (sg)
otium (-ii)
N/2nd: leisure, peace
cupido, cupidinis
3rd/F: desire, passion
sal, salis
3rd/:M: salt; wit
ferrum (-i)
2nd/N: iron; sword
3rd subject
he her it
(a) cheese roll
en ostfralla
animus, animi, m.
soul, spirit, mind
factum, facti, n.
deed, act, achievement
Concrete nouns
Nouns that physically exist
lector, lectoris; lectrix, lectricis
3rd/M;F: reader
casa (-ae)
1st/F: house, cottage, hut
auctor (auctoris)
M/3rd: increaser, author, originator
Indefinite
another, anybody, each, everything, little, much, both, few, many, others, all, any, more, most, none, some.
plural noun
multiple things (soldiers, cows)
fides, fidei, f.
faith, trust, trustworthiness, fidelity; promise, guarantee, protection
ista
that of yours (that bad woman)
moenia, moenium
3rd/N: walls of a city
insidiae (-arum)
*PL; F/1st: ambush, plot, treachery
object
the thing the sentence is about
his
hans (both en and ett words)
hostis, hostis, m.
an enemy (of the state)
scelus (sceleris)
N/3rd: evil deed, crime, sin, wickedness
exanple of second person
you better stop grumbling!
Possesive Pronoun
These pronouns show that you have possesion or control; my, your, his, and her are all examples
populus (-i)
M/2nd: the people, a people, a nation
Who
Subject pronoun and can replace a noun or pronoun that is the subject of sentences
example of plural nouns
boys, groups, audiences, stages, concerts, hopes
Proper Nouns-
always begins with a capital letter may be more than one word
dies (diei)
5th/M: day (the only 5th dec. masc. noun)
common nouns
nouns that are not capitalized such as dog, house, and person
Third person
Singular he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its
Plural they,them, their, theirs
2nd Person Pronoun
refers to the person spoken to [you, your, yours]
What is an antecedent?
its the word which is replaced by a pronoun
Nouns ending with s, z, ch, sh, x
Add - es.
Ex. Bus = buses, buzz = buzzes, box = boxes
is
he
langweilig
boring
siblings
syskon
Geography
Proper noun
me
by me
id
it nom
nomina
names acc
reflexive pronoun
myself
paternal grandparents
farföräldrar
stultus, stulti, m.
fool
rosa, rosae, f.
rose
libertas, libertatis, f.
liberty
somnus, somni, m.
sleep
illi
those (men) nom
harum
of these (women)
hi
these (men) nom
eorum
of them (neut)
quem
whom (masc sg)
regis
of the king
belli
of the war
miles (militis)
3rd/M: soldier
libertas (libertatis)
F/3rd: liberty
genu (-us)
4th/N: knee
monumentum (-i)
2nd/N: monument
sol, solis
3rd/M: sun
(an) apartment
en lägenhet
(a) boyfriend
en pojkvän
(a) hotel
ett hotell
scriptor, scriptoris, m.
writer, author
initium, initii, n.
beginning, commencement
iudex, iudicis, m.
judge, juror
praemium, praemii, n.
reward, prize
donum, doni, n.
gift, present
eadem
the same things acc
remedium (-ii)
N/2nd: cure, remedy
auxilium (-ii)
2nd/N: aid, help
litus (litoris)
3rd/N: shore, coast
fortuna (-ae)
F/1st: fortune, luck
navis (navis)
3rd/M: ship, boat
(a) wife; woman
en fru
manus, manus, f.
hand; handwriting; band
patientia, patientiae, f.
suffering; patience, endurance
eidem
for the same man (woman/thing)
manus (-us)
4th/F: hand; handwriting; band
fabula (fabulae)
1st/F: story, tale; play
res, rei, f.
thing, matter, business, affair
servus, servi, m.; serva, servae, f.
slave
iste
that of yours (that bad man)
mensa (-ae)
1st/F: table, dining; dish, course
sator, satoris
3rd/M: sower, planter, begetter, father; founder
vesper, vesperis ( or vesperi)
evening; evening star
Possessive Noun
noun that shows ownership or relationship
littera (-ae)
F/1st: a letter of the alphabet
Pronouns
she, his, him, her, their, theirs, he
adjective
a word that describes a noun/ pronoun
example of common noun
woman, museum, book, weekend
3 adj questions
What kind? Which one? How many?
labor (laboris)
M/3rd: labor, work, toil; a work, production
Past Perfect
action that was completed before some definite time in the past
Singluar noun
Names one person, place, thing, or idea.
Ex. boy, ball, school
intensive pronouns
add emphasis to a part of the sentance
Past tenses
indicates an action from the past or yesterday
singular of Plural indefinite
all any more most none some
example of singular noun
boy, group, audience, stage, concert, hope
Interrogative Pronouns (begins a question)
what, which, who, whom, whose
3rd Person Pronoun
refers to the person spoken about [he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs]
How can compound nouns be formed?
one word
two separate words
hyphens between words -- jack-in-the-box
nouns of direct adress
used when we call someone by their name or title (Yes, *Sarah*, I'd like some wine.)
first person pronouns
is used in the place of the name of the speaker or speakers
/ 308
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online