Nursing Final 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
pre-
before
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corpor/o
body
-sol
solution
Unintentional Torts
negligencemalpractice
EDENTULOUS
WITHOUT TEETH
-clysis
irrigation; washing
meta-
change; beyond
endo-, intra-
in, within
OOB
out of bed
1 tsp
5 mL
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
PNEUMONIA
INFLAM. OF PARENCHYMA(BRONCHIOLES/ALVEOLI)INFECTIOUS-BACT.,VIRAL,FUNG NONINFECT.-INSPIR. OF GASTRIC CONTENTS, TOXIC GAS
EAR
Estimated Average Requirementaverage amount for nutrient that appears sufficient for half the population
Liver laceration
bicyclistsgraded 1-2=little blood=observegraded 3-5=surgery
what is hypertension?
140/90 plus
kerat/o
cornea; hard, horny tissue
Parotitis is glandular swelling associated with this disease
MUMPS
Name 3 Steroids
amazacort, serevent, spiriva
hypomania
a milder form of mania
Macroethnography
ethnographic research that is concerned with broadly defined cultures
hyperplasia is
excessive growth of cells
-form
resembling; in the shape of
Complications of DVT
Chronic Venous InsufficiencyPulmonary embolism---Assessments----Sudden dyspneaAnxietySudden change in mental status
influenza
"fly"; highly contagious acute viral resp infection; manifestation include sever headache, muscle ache, fever, chills, fatigue, weakness, and anorexia
 
perimenopausal phase
Precedes menopause, characterized by physical/psychological changes related to estrogen depletion
PERCEPTION
Conscious process of organizing and interpreting data from the senses into meaningful information.
Conceptual model
using deductive reasoning, make predictions about how phenomena would behave in the real world in the theory were true.
Gastrostomy tube
-Sits in stomach-still using gut-continuous-can use whole foods-still using stomach-administer meds (NOT extended release)-can use almost immediately after putting in
Materialistic theories
view material conditions (e.g., resources, money, production) as the source of cultural developments
DYSRHYTHMIA/ ARRHYTHYMIA
IRREGULAR PATTERN OF HEART BEAT
This data includes hospital records, charts & nurses notes
records
Structure of arteries?
Strong, tough and tense
scatological
obscenity, esp. words or humor referring to excrement.
vital capacity
elders have a dec with resps
Seizure
1. paroxysmal ("all of a sudden") electrical discharge in the cerebral cortex.
 
2. A sudden, intermittent alteration in consciousness of function resulting from excessive discharge of cerebral neurons.
Slander
Malicious or untrue spoken words about another person that are brought to the attention of others.
MS triggers
thought- Mercury was cause- baby shampoo Virus, infection, cold climate, Temp extremes, physical injury, stress, pregnancy, fatigue, overexertion, Hot shower/bath
Complaint  
(legal) a document filed by the plaintiff
intrusive
invades physical or personal space of another
Bulimia Nervosa
-self purging after binge eating-often abuse in history-often normal weight or slightly overweights/s scratches on knuckles, teeth erosion, broken blood vessels in eyes, peticchiae on cheeks
Atrial Flutter
atrial rhythm is regular and ventricular rhythm may or may not also be regular depending on AV conduction. Atrial rate of 250-350BPM. Often seen w/ heart disease, CHF, cardiac valvular disease, and post cardiac surgery.
Probability sampling
involves the random selection of elements from a population
McDonald’s Method
A probably sign of pregnancy characterized by an ease in flexing the body of the uterus against the cervix.
what is the supine position?
on your back
what note means abnormal density in lungs?
dull
acetylcholine
the acetic acid ester of choline, C7H17NO3, released and hydrolyzed during nerve conduction and causing muscle action by transmitting nerve impulses across synapses.
what is myasthenia gravis?
autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction characterized by the fluctuating weakness of certain skeletal muscle groups.Antibodies attack acetylcholine receptors, decreased number of Ach at the neuromuscular junction
Fibrinolytic IV (t-pa)
Therapy for acute MI (dissolves thrombi in the coronary arteries).
SE: Chest pain for greater than 30min., ECG will show transmural ischema and injury, bleeding
Contraindications: recent abd surg or stroke, prior intracranial hemorrhage
Aggressive communication
Is interacting with another in an overpowering and forceful manner to meet one's own needs at the expense of others.
DIC
collaborative management
 
treat underlying cause; ctx rtx for ca,   antibiotics for sepsis
blood prod     heparin -controversial
AT3- inhibits thrombin
Amicar- inhibits fibrinolysis
labs-pt, ptt, plt ct, fibrin split prod, D-dimer
pain rx
Contractual relationships  
vary among practice settings; may be as an independent or employer-employee relationship
pressured
speech that is rapid and has force behind the words
What client teachings/nursing interventions are involved with clients taking beta blockers?
compliance important, can cause rebound HTN if stopped abruptly, monitor VS, esp pulse, monitor renal and liver labs, possible hypoglycemia (caution with diabetics), move slowly, watch selective and non-selective efffects, not effective for single therapy for Af Americans
Adverse effect
Any effect other than a therapeutic effect
Systematic sampling
involves the selection of every kth case from a list; can be applied in a way that an essentially random sample is drawn
General Adaption Syndrome
bodys nonspecific responce to stress3 stagesalarm-prepare for fight or flightstage of resistence- adaption takes placestage of exhaustion- when the adaptation cant be maintained
the point at which the brain recognizes and defines a stimulus as pain is called
pain threshold
fear of situations or places that may be difficult or embarrassing to leave describes__________
agoraphobia
delirium
a more or less temporary disorder of the mental faculties, as in fevers, disturbances of consciousness, or intoxication, characterized by restlessness, excitement, delusions, hallucinations, etc.
THe most common risk after mumps is this:
Aseptic Meningitis
The lymphatic system consists of what?
Lymphatic vessels and tissues
Since starting college, a client has been unrealistically worried about his academic performance as well as his relationship with his girlfriend. He cannot sleep or concentrate because he cannot stop worrying about the numerous papers and assignments that
Generalized anxiety disorder.Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by chronic, unrealistic, and excessive anxiety and worry. This describes the client's symptoms in this scenario.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON MEDICATIONS USED IN ASTHMA?
Bronchodilators, Antiinflammatory drugs, and leukotriene modifiers.
What is ectopic pregnancy?
ovum fertilized in fallopian tube instead of uterus
portal of exit
site where the organism leaves the reservior
what is the ideal average oral and tympanic temperature?
98.6, 36.7-37
Describe convenience sampling.
it's cheap, creates bias easily, can't generalize results easily
Treatment of Viral Meningitis 


-There is no treatment. The immune system will produce antibodies to destroy the virus.
-Acetaminophen for fevers
-Clear/Bland diet
Scientific health belief
 based on the belief that life and life processes are controlled by physical and biochemical processes that can be manipulated by humans
How many calories per gram of fat?
9 (20-35% of diet)
Why are antihistamines given for Parkinson's disease?
To enhance anticolinergic drying action
Nursing Profession

What is the ANA?
ANA is the American Nurses Association
Only for Nurses/LPN/AN
Establishes Standard in nursing
Encourages research to advance nursing education
Represents nursing in the Law
Supports NSNA=National Student Nurses Association
What are the 2 Antihypertensive drugs that are ACE Inhibitors? (Block Angiotensin enzyme from converting angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2)
1. captopril (Capoten)2. cozaar (Losartan)
WHAT IS APPROPRIATE NURSING CARE FOR KAWASAKI DISEASE?
SYMPTOMATIC AND SUPPORTIVE, PARENT TEACHING SHOULD BE REINFORCED, LONG-TERM, LOW-DOSE ASPIRIN.
How is a PET scan done?
Radioactive substances are used to provide information about both the structure and the function of an organ.
Risk factors for Hypercoagulability of blood
1.Oral contraceptives 2.Diabetes . .. .3.Smoking . . . . .4.Dehydration Sluggish blood. . . . .5.estrogen therapy . . . ..6.malignancies . . . . .7.Anima & sepsis .. . . .
Knee Chest Position (genupectoral position)
the client rests on the knees and chest with the head turned which is supported on a small pillow to one side
what is a PENS stimulation?
combines a TENS system but also has needle probes to stimulate peripheral nerves
1) What is NANDA?
 
2) What are the 9 patterns of human response?
1) North American Nursing Diagnosis Association.
 
2) exchanging, valuing, perceiving, communicationg, choosing, knowing, relating, moving feeling.
what does it mean if you are continously coughing throughout the day?
acute illnes example is respiratory infection
What is one check done for accurate pediatric dosage?
Have another nurse double check your calculations
what 2 things make older people more susceptible to infection?
less of ability to cough and loss of protection airway reflexes
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