Nursing Medical Terminology Test 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-oma
tumor
-phil
attraction
auto-
self
-kinesis
motion
pseudo-
false
inter-
between
nulli-
none
-tripsy
crushing
-dipsia
thirst
-ant
forming
-cusis
hearing
-cyte
cell
-cuspid
point
ab-
away from
-crit
to separate
-tic
pertaining to
bi-
two, double
bin-
twice, two
-ac
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
eu-
good, normal
-gen
formation, produce
-genesis
formation, produce
diplopia
Double vision
neopathy
New disease
hyper-
above, beyond, excessive
para-
beside, alongside, abnormal
-lexia
diction, word, phrase
-phasia
to speak, speech
hypotension
Low blood pressure
histology
Study of tissue
homeo-
similar, same, likeness, constant
meta-
beyond, over, between, change
-lysis
destruction, separation, breakdown, loosening, dissolution
-meter
instrument to measure, measure
-stasis
control, stop, stand still
arteritis
Inflammation of an artery
hematology
Study of the blood
ocular
Pertaining to the eye
arterial
Pertaining to an artery
hyperhidrosis
Condition of excessive sweating
gynecoid
To resemble a female
dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin
perfusion
Process of pouring through
-penia
lack of, deficiency, abnormal reduction
-ist
a physician who specializes in
-rrhage
to burst forth, bursting forth
vasospasm
Contraction of a blood vessel
blepharoptosis
Drooping of the upper eyelid(s)
trifocal
Pertaining to having three foci
hemophilia
Hereditary blood disease characterized by prolonged coagulation and tendency to bleed
hemostasis
Control or stopping of bleeding
myocarditis
Inflammation of the heart muscle
keratoplasty
Surgical repair of the cornea
radioactive
Characterized by emitting radiant energy
heterogeneous
Pertaining to a different formation
hypertrophy
Literally means excessive nourishment; the increase in the size of an organ, structure, or the body caused by an increase in the size of the cells rather than the number of cells; also called overgrowth
prognosis
Literally means condition of foreknowledge; prediction of the course of a disease and the recovery rate
oscilloscope
Instrument used to record an electrical wave visually on a fluorescent screen of a cathode-ray tube
phacosclerosis
Condition of hardening of the crystalline lens
hypoglycemia
Condition of deficient amounts of sugar in the blood
radiographer
Person skilled in making x-ray records
neutrophil
Leukocyte that stains with neutral dyes
prothrombin
Chemical substance that interacts with calcium salts to produce thrombin
hypercalcemia
Condition of excessive amounts of calcium in the blood
arrest
To stop, inhibit, restrain; a condition of being stopped, such as occurs in cardiac arrest when cardiac output and effective circulation stop
visceral
Pertaining to body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially abdominal organs
asystole
Literally means without contraction of the heart; a life-threatening cardiac condition characterized by the absence of electrical and mechanical activity in the heart
cachexia
Condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting; can occur in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis
hypoplasia
Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or body
topical
Pertaining to a place, definite locale
intermediary
Pertaining to situated between two bodies or occurring between two periods of time
polycythemia
Condition of too many red blood cells
ultrasonography
Process of using ultrasound to produce a record of ultrasonic echoes as they strike tissues of different densities
radiograph
Picture produced on a sensitized film or plate by rays; also called X-ray record
cineradiography
Process of making a motion picture record of successive x-ray images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen
iridocyclitis
Inflammation of the iris and ciliary body
leukemia
Disease of the blood characterized by overproduction of leukocytes, can be malignant, acute, or chronic
thermography
Process of recording heat patterns of the body's surface; useful in the detection of breast cancer
hematocrit
Blood test that separates solids from plasma in the blood by centrifuging the blood sample
angioplasty
Surgical repair of a blood vessel(s) or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery
hematologist
Physician who specializes in the study of the blood
sinoatrial
Pertaining to the sinus venosus and the atrium
erythrocytosis
Abnormal condition in which there is an increase in red blood cells
agglutination
Process of clumping together, as of blood cells that are incompatible
radiolucent
Property of permitting the passage of radiant energy
antibody
Protein substance produced in the body in response to an invading foreign substance (antigen)
endarterectomy
Surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery
triglyceride
Pertaining to a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids
venography
Process of making X-ray record of veins
asymmetrical
Unequal in size or shape; without proportion of the body or parts of the body; different in placement or arrangement about an axis
thermometer
Instrument used to measure degree of heat
vasodilator
Nerve or agent that causes dilation of blood vessels
angiogram
X-ray record of the size, shape, and location of the heart and its blood vessels after the introduction of a radiopaque contrast medium
esotropia
Condition in which the eye or eyes turn inward; also called crossed eyes
cholangiogram
X-ray record of the bile ducts made visible through the use of a radiopaque contrast medium
concentration
Process in psychology of being able to bring to the center one thought and focus on it, while excluding other thoughts
albinism
Absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
paracentesis
Surgical puncture of a body cavity for fluid removal
arrhythmia
Condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia
ischemia
Condition in which there is a lack of blood supply to a part caused by constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel
ocular fundus
Posterior inner part of the eye as seen with an ophthalmoscope
palpate
To use the hands or fingers to examine by touch; to feel
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