Odyssey People and Places Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Eurylochus
sailor
Laertes
Ithica
Menelaus
Helen's husband
Eurynome
Penelope's maid
Ogygia
Calypso's Island
Ithaca
Odysseus' home
Hephaestus
god of metalwork
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus
Alcinous
King of Phacea
Dorians
inhabitants of crete
Telemachus
Young prince and heir
iros
beggar to penelopes suitors
Mount Neriton
mountain in Ithaca
Erebus
another name for Hades
Charybdis
bottomless whirlpool almost kills Odysseus
Nestor
King of Pylians; NOBLE CHARIOTEER
Calypso
beautiful goddess-nymph who keeps Odysseus on her island for 7 years
Scheria
place where the Phaecians lived
Agamemnon
King killed by his unfaithful wife
Amphinomus
only decent man seeking Penelope's hand in marriage; sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is killed like the rest of the suitors in the final fight
Philoeteus
cowherd, one of Odysseus's loyal servants
cicones
people living on the southwestern coast of Thrace who battled odysseus and his men on their journey home
Scylla
dangerous rock, personified as a female monster with 6 heads who devoured passing sailors
sirens
sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward dangerous rocks
Circe
witch-goddess who turns odysseus' men into swine (pigs)
Athena
goddes of wisdom, crafts, and battle
the Phaeacians
The men who love their oars
Trojans
the adversary of Odysseus in the Trojan war
Melantho
had an affair with Eurymachus; Sister of Melanthius and maidservant in Odysseus's palace; abuse begger (Odysseus in disguise)
Achaeans
the most general term for greeks, includes the people of Ithaca
Cyclops
a race of brutish one-eyed giants, they live as shepherds, supposedly on the island now known as Sicily.
Aeaea
home of Circe, the enchantress and goddess
Poseidon
Cyclops's father; God of the Sea; green haired; doesn't like Odysseus
Telemachaus
Odysseus' and Penelope's som, who the suitors are planning to murder
Thrinacia
island now called Sicily, home of Hyperion's golden cattle
Antinous
one of Penelope's suitors, an arrogant and mean young noble from Ithaca
Achilles
son of Peleus and Thetis. Heroic leader of the Myrmidons and is slain by Paris. Odysseus consults him in the underworld
Helios
In early Greek mythology the sun god
Odysseus
King of Ithaca and hero of the Odyssey; Latin name is Ulysses
Cronus
in Greek mythology, a Titan and ruler of the universe until he was over-thrown by his son, Zeus
Elphenor
Fell off roof of the house of Circe
Ino
a goddess of the sea, pities Odysseus in the storm
Troy
A kingdom that was destroyed by the Greeks in the Trojan War. It is located on the western coast of Asia Minor.
Leucothoie
A sea nymph who helps Odysseus read the island of the Phaeacians during the storm in Book V.
Elpenor
sailor who dies on Circe's island by falling asleep on her roof and falls off
Philoetius
one of the herdsmen of Odysseus bars the palace gates also
Teiresias
famous blind prophet from the city of Thebes. Odysseus meets him in the Land of the Dead.
Lotus Eaters
naked men and women; give you the Lotus Fruit
Cattle of the Sun
belong to the sun god, Helios. Eurylochus and a bunch of other people on his ship ate one of these and died
prodigious
gigantic
gorge
devouring mouth
Lotus
The honey-sweet fruit
Anticleia
mother of Odysseus
Eumaeus
Swineherd of Odysseus
Eurycleia
Odysseus's and Telemachus's nurse
Hades
god of the underworld
Zeus
father of the gods
Capri
Island home of the Sirens.
cuirass
armor for the chest and back
Phaeacia
an island kingdom inhabited by seafarers and traders
Apollo
god of poetry, music, prophecy, medicine, and archery.
eurykleia
old and faithful servant of odysseus
Shores of Ogygia
place where Calypso lives
Pylos
Nestor's kingdom and Telemachus goes here.
Demodocus
A blind bard entertains at the banquets in the palace of Alcinous.
Melanthius
servant of the suitors and attacks Odysseus
Argives
the Greeks who went to fight at Troy
Land of the Laestrygon Giants
where the Lastrygonians live
Medon
the herald; because of his kindness to young Telemachus, his life is spared when the other suitors are killed
Tiresias
a blind prophet, usually said to have been blinded because he saw Athena bathing, and then have been awarded the gift of prophecy as aconsolation for his blindness.
Athena (a goddess)
favorite daughter of Zeus; the great goddess of wisdom as well as war and peace. She favored the Greeds during the Trojan War. She is often called Pallas Athena.
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