Odyssey: characters Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Hermes
Messengers
Elpinoor
answer...
eumaeus
swineherd
penelope
odysseus's wife
Argos
Odysseus' dog
Laertes
Odysseus's Father
Eurymachus
charismatic suitor
Acheans
Greek people
Helios
sun god
Scylla
sea monster
Athena
Goddess of battle
Boéthus
father of Etëóneus
Persephone
wife of Hades
Poseidon
Father of polyphemus
Od.
King of Ithaca
Ithaca
Homeland of Odysseus
alsinuous
king of phaneacians
Charybdis
whirlpool; sucked sailors in
Achilles
hero of the Iliad
Achaeans
another name for Greeks
mentor
Ithacan friend of Odysseus
Phaecians
listen to Odysseus's story
Scheria
Home of the Phaecians
Aeolus
God of the winds
Antikleia
his mother, now dead
Olympus
home of the gods
Nausicaa
daughter of Alcinous and Arete
Atreus
sons are Agamemnon and Menelaus
Zephyr
personification of the west wind
Amphinomus
-Only decent suitor
-Sometimes speaks up for Odysseus & Telemachus
-Killed w/ rest of suitors
Aegisthus
lover of Clytemnestra and co-conspirator in Agamemnon's murder
Anticleia
Od.'s mom, died of grief
Antiklea
Odysseus' mother, died during Odysseus' absence, he meets her in the underworld
Calypso
Sea goddess who loved Odysseus
Zeus
King of gods and men
Menelaus
brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen. King of Sparta
Maidservants of Odysseus end up sleeping with many of the suitors, and are then killed upon Odysseus' return.
Maidservants
Laodamas
Phaeacian, son of Alcinous and Arete
teiresias
the band prophet who inhabits underworld
Eumaios
the chief swineherd at Odysseus' palace. He remains faithful to Odysseus even after all the time Odysseus spent away from home
Nausikaa
The Goddess-like daughter of Alkinoos, feminine ideal of young women
Iphthime
Penelope's sister, Athena takes her phantom form to talk to Penelope in a dream
Eurylochus
A member of Odyssessus loyal crew
Alcinous
King of Phaeacians, who offers Odysseus hospitality in his island kingdom of Scheeria. ______ hears the story of Odysseus's wandering and provides him with safe passage back to Ithaca.
Odysseus
Grandson of Arcesius and Autolycus, Son of Laertes and Inticleia, husband of Penelope, father of Telemacus, kind of Ithcaca and surrounding islands
Melantho
sister of melanthios, maid, sleeps with Eurymakhos, rude to O as the beggar
Tantalus
legendary figure doomed to eternal thirst and hunger in the underworld
Philoetus
cowherd, one of Odysseus' loyal servants
Apollo
god of music, poetry, prophecy, and medicine
Halitherses
Elder Ithacan leader who has prophetic powers. (reads the eagles, omen from Zeus)
Agamemnon
king and leader of the Greek forces
Arétë
wife of Alcinoüs. queen of the Phaeácians
Argus
(Greek mythology) a giant with 100 eyes
Cassandra
fairest of Priams daughters. Killed by Clymenéstra.
Circe
the bewitching queen of Aeaea; loves Odysseus
Orestes
(technically not in Odyssey) son of Agamemnon and revenged his dad's death.
Helen
Started Trojan War, queen of Sparta, wife of Menelaus
sirens
sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs
alkinoos
King of the Phaiakians, husband of Arete, father to Nausikaa. He's the guy who asks Odysseus to tell his story.
Cicones
Trojan allies,living in Thrace, to the north of Troy
Menelaos
Red-haired king of Sparta, battles at Troy
Antinous
suitor of Penelope, leader of suitors, first slain by Odysseus, cruel, greedy, villian, distorts motives of others
Melanthius
The brother of Melantho. Melanthius is a treacherous and opportunistic goatherd who supports the suitors, especially Eurymachus, and abuses the beggar who appears in Odysseus's palace, not realizing that the man is Odysseus himself.
Tiresias
A Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld in Book 11. He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
Polyphemos
Also known as “the Cyclops,” the one-eyed cannibal giant who traps Odysseus and a scouting party in his cave and is blinded when they escape.
Cronus
Titan ruler of the universe, father of Zeus
Nestor
King of Pylos who gives Odysseus the bag of winds
Thetis
sea goddess of, mother of Achilles by Pélaus
Telemachus
Son of Oddyseus. He goes through a journey where he becomes a man. At the end obtains the weapons of Oddyseus.
Cadmus
Father of Ino when she was a mortal
Clytemnestra
Married to Agamemnon. when he was at war, she fell in love with Aegisthus. when Agamemnon came back , she and Aegisthus killed him. Clytemnestra and Aegisthus were both killed by Agamemnon' son, Orestes.
Ghost of Agamemnon
king of Mycenae, son of Atreus, husband of Clytemnestra, murdered by her and Aegisthus; brother of Menelaus, supreme commander of all Achaea's armies and leader of the largest contingent at troy
Priam
king of Troy, after all his sons died he was slain by Neoptólemus
Leodes
the suitor who is the first to attempt to string Odysseus' bow
Polyphemus
The Cyclops who is also the son of Posiden. Odysseus brings his 12 strongest men into his cave to check it out, and end up getting held captive by the Cyclops. They stab him in the eye and escape by holding onto the Cycops's sheep, the only things he lets out of the cave. They almost don't make it much past the island because Odysseus taunts the Cyclps by yelling things at him, and the Cyclops threw boulders out into the ocean, washing them closer to shore. The Cyclops then curses Odysseus and his crew, making them "unable to return home".
The Cyclopes
a savage tribe, who dwelt on their borders of Phaeacia
Cyclops
A one eyed giant living in a cave they are very haughty and think they do not have to obey the gods. The most notable one is Polyphemus.
Cyclopes
a group of giants with one eye in the middle
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