Old Russian History Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1939-1945
WWII
1854-1856
Crimean War
1878
Berlin Conference
Treaty of Brest-litovsk
1918
1855- 1881
The Pale
1874
education reforms-- intelligentsia, reform of the military
1881-1883
Pograms in the pale
1908
Education Ukasi by Nicholas
1905
Saratov rebellions, stolypin quells
had 5 year plan
Stalin
Battle of Poltava (1709)
in Ukraine
August 6, 1905
Bulygin Manifesto-promised duma
1896- 1918
Reign of Nicholas 2
1462
Ivan the III boots Tatars
1882
May Laws- prohibited Jewish people from living in agricultural areas, cities with less than 10,000 people, to buy or rent property outside of designated residential areas, not allowed to trade on Sundays and Christian holidays, and forbidden access to jobs in civil service.
Appanage Rus
mini-states under the Mongol Rule.
Russification
No more nationalism for individual groups. People were forced to convert to orthodoxy and Russian culture was imposed. Pillars: nationalism, orthodoxy, autocracy.
Khomiakov
Russian religious poet who co-founded the Slavophile movement. Ideals revolved around the term sobornost, meaning "togetherness" or "symphony." Disliked capitalism and socialism.
1869
Catechism of a Revolutionist was published
April 1906
Fundamental Laws- first constitution, Article 87 gave the czar protection from the duma, by witte to appease nicholas
writers
Pushkin, Tolstoy & Dostoyevsky were famous what?
Imam Shamil
Radical Islamic Warrior who gained control of Cossacks.
Westernizers
Group of radicals who believed you muct look to the future for a better Regime also the individual over collectivism, generally atheist or deist, basically anyone who isn't Slavophile, Peter the great is their hero, Russia should follow Europe, Very patriotic wanted to raise Russia to the level of western Europe not replace Russia with western Europe.
1881
Proposal of the Duma- March 13., Alexander II is killed the same day by the People's Will. March 14,- Alex. III cancels the ukase
Varangians
Vikings- the founders of Rus according to the Norman Theory
anti-semitism
violent hatred and prejudice if the Jews
Gulogs
Slave labor camps for critics, former capitalists and anyone that opposed Stalin
Holy Alliance
Alexander I's brainchild from Congress of Vienna. This was the popular term for what was supposed to be a Christian Pledge to rule fairly and according to Christian principles. Major powers were supposed to work in harmony. But became an "unholy" alliance for suppression of revolutionary and liberal activity.
1884
Expansion of the katorga (labor camps in Siberia) the number of political prisoners (Left) in the katorga tripled., Press Laws- restriction of Liberal ideas with the Okrhana
1879- 1881
9 assasination attempts on Alexander II
1881- 1883
Pogroms (anti semitic riots) occured in the Pale
Who was the leader of the Mongols?
Ghangis Khan
Charles XII
fought against Russian in the Great Northern War (1700-1721)
Batu
Ruler of the golden Horde led the assault on Rus
Holy Synod
Established by Peter the Great to replace the Patriarchate of Moscow. The highest Authority in the
Russian Orthodox Church
stalemate
deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
Revolution 1905
There is a nationwide stroke. Father Gapon leads the men to Winter Palace and Bloody Sunday Occurs.
propaganda
use of language or other auditory os visual means to persuade others to believe you.
December 3, 1905
The St. Petersburg headquarters for the Soviets were taken out. By the end of Dec. the revolution was over.
Catherine the Great
married to the Tsar, gained power, killed her husband
Alexander I
(1802-1826) Son of Paul. Raised by his Grandmother, Catherine II, in Court,Greatly influenced by his Swiss tutor LeHarpe- into enlightenment and Prussian Army drills. Was put on the throne after Father was overthrown. First Tsar to seriously consider ending Serfdom and to consider a constitution including limiting the Autocrats and creating a representative government. Dealt with the Napoleonic Wars 2 Halves to his reign. believed to have faked his own death and become a monk named Feodor Kuzmich.
Yaroslav the Wise
(1036-1054) Son of Vladimir I who defeated his murderous brother Sviatopolk "the Damned" to claim the throne. He shared it with his brother. Intermarried with other European Dynasties and began many building projects.
Alexander III
He was a reactionary ended his fathers reform and gave power to nobles, bureaucracy, and secret police. Pillars of Russia, Nationalism, orthodoxy, autocracy. He caused pogroms to occur.
September 20, 1905
Beginning of the Great October Strike, started with bakers and printers
hungery and poland
these countries tried to break away from the soviet control,.
Partitions of Poland
In response to the Revolts Poland is slowly partitioned off.
Ivan VI
2 months old, over thrown by Peter I's daughter Elizabeth
berlin wall
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
"The Sick Man of Europe
The Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War
What is the Breznev Doctrine?
The Soviet Union would jump in if anyone tried to stop communism in a country
new capitals, new schools, reformed armies
the changes that Peter the great made in Russia.
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