Organic reactions 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ester+base hydrolysis
Haloform Reaction
Hofmann Elimination
Diels-Alder Reaction
Fischer Esterification
Fleming-Tamao Oxidation
Friedel-Crafts Alkylation
Pinacol Rearrangement
Kabachnik-Fields Reaction
Stille Coupling
Sharpless Epoxidation
Wittig-Horner Reaction
Wittig Reaction
Wolff-Kishner Reduction
Upjohn Dihydroxylation
Aldol Condensation
Claisen Rearrangement
Brown Hydroboration
Bucherer-Bergs Reaction
Corey-Fuchs Reaction
Corey-Chaykovsky Reaction
Conia-Ene Reaction
Saytzeff's Rule
Ring Closing Metathesis
Curtius Rearrangement (Reaction)
Modified Julia Olefination
nitrile hydrolysis yields:
carboxylic acid
Van Leusen Oxazole Synthesis
aldehyde or ketone+1 mol alcohol
reagents for sn2 esterification
k2co3, acetone
Oxidation Reactions (Oxidation of Primary Alcohol)
base hydrolysis of ester yeilds carboxylate salt+alcohol
large molecule formed from many smaller repeatingu nits or monomers
alcohol and organic acid yield ester and water
amide hydrolysis requires:
strong aqueous acid and heat
sn1 ester hydrolysis reactants/reagents
ester, f2cco2h (acid), ch2cl2 (solvent)
Carbonyl Alpha Carbon Reactions Equlibrium Process Tautomerism
Reac: R-CH2-C=O-R ketotautomer Reag: Acid or Base Product: R-CH=C-OH-R enol tautomer
hydrogenation of an aldehyde
will produce RCHOH..which is a primary Alcohol
R-CHO + Benedicts solution (Cu2+)
R-COOH (Blue colour turns red brown colour on heating). Ketones do not react
Carbonyl Alpha Carbon Reactions Reactions of alpha hydrogens
Reac: R-CH2-C=O-R' Reag: OH- or H+ H2O Product: R-CH=C-OH-R' Enol
primary alcohol+MO
Gabriel Synthesis
Friedlaender Synthesis
Robinson Annulation
Ritter Reaction
Eschweiler-Clarke Reaction
Jocic Reaction
Pechmann Condensation
Overman Rearrangement
Kulinkovich-Szymoniak Reaction
Woodward cis-Hydroxylation
Trost Allylation
Claisen Condensation
Bischler-Napieralski Reaction
Mukaiyama Aldol Addition
Cannizzaro Oxidation Reduction
transesterification reactants/reagents
ester, alcohol, base
Boronic Acid Mannich Reaction
hydrolosis of ether
produces 2 alcohols
ester hydrolysis reactants/reagents
ester, water, base
Products of Combustion
CO2 + H2O
unsaturated hydrocarbon and H or halogen yields halocarbon or alkaline
replacement of hydrogen in saturated hydrocarbons
ex. halogen solution
Ester + Carboxylic Acid
Acid Anhydride + ROH
sn1 esterification reactants/reagents
carboxylic acid, dimethylethene, H+ dry conditions
R-CN + LiAlH4 (in Ether)
R-NH2 (Reduction reaction)
Na and NH3
anti addition of H2 on alkyne, reduction to alkene
Reactions of Enolate Species with Halogens Halonic Ester Synthesis alkyl halide to carboxylic acid
Reac: EtO-C=O-C-C=O-OEt Reag: NaOEt, EtOH, H+/H2O, Delta T, R-X Product: R-COOH
R-OH + Cr2O72- (Then distilled off)
Primary Alcohol
Aldehyde Turns Orange to Green (dichromate)
LiAlH4 then H2O on epoxide
transforms to an alcohol with an SN2 mechanism
H attacks less substituted side
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