AP Gov Case Brief Quiz Flashcards

Supreme Court of the United States
Terms Definitions
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review
Lynch v. Donnelly
Santa Clause test
Gibbons v. Ogden
National Supremacy (monopoly)
Engel v Vitale
prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of establishment clause (1st amendment) and due process (14th amendment); warren court's judicial activism
McCulloch v. Maryland
National Supremacy (national bank)
Washington v. Chrisman
Roommate's conviction was legal because they were in plain sight and the cop was invited in
Plessy v Ferguson
established separate but equal (segregation)
Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad Company v. Chicago
Incorporate just compensation
Palko v Connecticut
provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be federalized
Schenck v U.S.
oliver wendell holmes; clear and present danger test; shouting "fire" in a crowded theater; limits on speech especially in wartime
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Slaves not citizens, therefore property
Bowers v. Hardwick
No right to privacy for homosexuals
Payne v. Tennessee
Testimony about how the man's action impacted the family of the victims is admissible
Miranda v. Arizona
State could not use statements gained before informing the citizen of these rights
Gonzales v Carhart
upheld Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003
Lawrence v. Texas
Overturned Bowers - right to privacy for homosexuals
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon Test - no excessive entanglement of government in religion, can't hurt or help religion, secular purpose
Miranda vs. Arizona (1966)
set guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect themselves against self-incrimination
Mapp v. Ohio
All evidence found during a search and seizure that is in violation of the constitution is inadmissible in a state court
County of Allegheny v. ACLU
Single religious displays are not allowed; plural displays are however
Ingraham v. Wright
Due process laws do not apply to schools
Roe v. Wade
Woman's right to privacy gave her the ability to have an abortion
Texas v Johnson
struck down Texas law that banned flag burning - protected form of symbolic speech
Zelman v Simmons-Harris
public money can be used to send disadvantaged children to religious schools in tuition voucher programs
NY Times v. Sullivan
Difficult for public figures to win libel lawsuit
Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992)
Supreme Court loosened its standard for evaluating restrictions on abortion from one of "strict scrutiny" of any restraints on a "fundamental right" to one of "undue burden" that permits considerably more regulation
Gideon vs. Wainright (1963)
anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment may be imposed has a right to a lawyer
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
School could refuse to sponsor a newspaper that was not consistent with their views as long as they have a legitimate reason
Roe vs. Wade (1973)
a state ban on all abortions was declared unconstitutional (forbade state control over abortions during first trimester; permitted states to limit abortions to protect mother's health during second trimester; permitted states to protect fetus during third trimester)
Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific RR Company v. Illinois
States can not regulate interstate commerce
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