AP Gov Congress Quiz Flashcards

United States Congress
Terms Definitions
House
...is more partisan
House Minority Whip
Eric Cantor
gerrymandering
Drawing congressional district lines in a bizarre or unusual shape to make it easy for a candidate of one party to win elections in that district.
joint resolution
formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses and pres; const amendments need not be signed by the pres
joint committee
legislative committee composed of members of both houses
organizational view
explanation of congressional voting which suggests members of Congress respond primarily to cues provided by their colleagues
earmark
funds in apporpiations bill that provides dollars for particual purposes within state or congressional district.
Pork-barrel legislation
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return.
legislative insider
focuses on passing laws and policymaking; committee chair/policy expert
Blue dog coalition
Moderate group of southern democrats
closed rule
Limitation imposed by the Rules Committee of the House of Representatives on the amount of debate time allotted to a bill and on the introduction of amendments from the floor (or of any amendments other than those from the sponsoring committee).
Teller vote
A congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, the "yeas" first and then the "nays." Since 1971 the identities of members in this can be "recorded."
Pork
legislation that allows reps to bring home the bacon to their districts in the form of public works programs designated to benefit their districts directly.
Elastic Clause
The constitutional basis that Congress can make all laws that are necessary and proper to its function.
midterm elections
The congressional elections that take place midway through a president's four-year term.
District
a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
Rules Committee
determines the rules of debate for bills in the House; uber powerful traffic-cop
conditional party gov
over time. party leaders' power in-/decreases based on what public wants
caucus
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
President pro tempore
temporary presiding officer of the Senate.
quorum
the minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress
Sequential referral
A congressional process by which a Speaker may send a bill to a second committee after the first is finished acting, or may refer parts of a bill to separate committees
caucus (poltiical)
Meeting of members of a political party or subgroup to coordinate members' actions, choose group policy, or nominate candidates for various offices
Multiple Referral
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees.
Trustee
An official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgment of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of the legislator.
appropriations bill
A (proposed) formal action by a legislative assembly (such as the U.S. Congress or a state legislature) that specifies exact amounts of the government's money that the Treasury may legally pay out (through new hiring, contracts for purchases, findings of individuals' eligibility for income transfer payments, etc.) for each of a list of particular pre-authorized programs carried out by governmental agencies over a specific period of time (normally one year).
Congressional Budget Office
1970s; office of Congress that watches spending
sophomore surge
An increase in the number of votes candidates receive between the first time elected and their first time reelected.
causcus (congressional)
Group of members of the US Congress that meets to pursue common legislative objectives. Meetings, where most decisions are made by the majorty party; work rules, elect leaders, appoint chairmen committees before Congress starts jan. 3rd
Filibuster
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action to the bill.
senate, House (speaker)
________ leader is weaker in own house than _______ leader in other house
Speaker of the House
The chief presiding officer of the House of Representatives. This person is elected at the beginning of every Congress on a straight party vote. This person is the most important party and House leader, and can influence the legislative agenda, the fate of individual pieces of legislature, and members' positions within the House.
Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
created in 1974; advises Congress on the likely economic effects of different spending programs and provides infromation on the costs of proposed policies
What are multiple referral?
The practice of referring a bill to several committees
party caucus
a meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop party policy. Called a conference by the republicans
What are senator's views compare to average voters views?
more liberal than in 1970s; more conservative in 1980s
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