P&T Flashcards

Health Care
Terms Definitions
-rrhaphy
suture
CA
Cancer
ambly
dim,dull
-thorax
chest
(suffix)
lact/o
milk
spondyl
vertebra
ecto
outside
necr
dead
aur-
ear
CXR
Chest X-Ray
thorac/o
thorax (chest)
cerebr, encephal
brain
Isolated radium
Curie
synthroid
levothyroxine; hypothyroidism
D.C
Doctor of Chiropractics
quick fuel nutrients
carbs
C/S, C-section
cesarean section
(abbreviation)
rrhaphy
sewing, stiching, suturing
tach- (o,y)
rapid, fast
gonorrhea is cured by
antibiotics
diaphragmatic
pertaining to the diaphragm
cervicectomy
excision of the cervix
Circulator system / digestion
Servetus


Anaerobic—
The absence of oxygen
Body Language
nonverbal communication through gesters, facial expressions, and behaviors. and even what your wearing sometimes.
cyanoderma
slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin
What do Langerhan cells do?
Phagocytize
EDD
expected (estimated) date of delivery
(abbreviation)
What is performance measurement?
Performance measurement assesses the effectiveness of the health care system.
ex of cannabionoids
ex marijuana, hashis
bactrim ds
sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim; bacterial infection
ambien
generic - zolpidemindication - insomnia
Vagina
Where penis inserted during sexual intercourse.
Phase I: The Schizoid Personality
"loners"cold, aloof
Who is the offer between?
Competent individuals
coitus
sexual intercourse between male and female (copulation)
gravidopuerperal
pertaining to pregnancy and the childbirth (from delivery until reproductive organs return to normal)
Taught and practiced “laws of health”
Galen
cool-down
clear "metabolic waste", prevent blood pooling, decrease HR gradually 5-15 minutes.
explanatory theory
help describe factors influencing behavior and why the behavior exists. They provide a framework for determining modifiable factors like knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, social support and lack of resources. ex: health belief model, theory of planned behavior


Physical Activity Quality, Type of Experience, Effect:


SkillàPracticeàLearning
avelox, vigamox
generic - moxifloxacinindication - bacterial infection (antibiotic)
size and shape of average ear
kidneys
BMI
A MEASURE OF RELATIVE BODY WEIGHT CORRELATING HIGHLY WITH MORE DIRECT MEASURES OF BODY FAT, CALCULATED BY DIVIDING TOTAL BODY WEIGHT BY THE SQUARE BODY HEIGHT
Circumstantiality
Before getting to the point or answering a ques. the individual gets cought up in countless details and explanations
what disaccharide is common in milk sugar
lactose
pneumatocele
hernia of the lung (lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest)
internal medicine
branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions of internal organs such as respiratory system; physician is an internist
catheterization
insertion of tube through urethra and into urinary bladder for purpose of urine or inserting dye
studied liver and pancreas function
Claude Bernard (1813-1878)
goal
something you aim for that takes planning and work
placenta
the attachment that holds the embryo to the wall of the uterus-- develops into and organ
injury to the ligaments in a joint
sprain
Habit
A behavior that is repeated so often that it becomes almost automatic.


Peak Experience—
special types of mystical experiences that runners and other engaged in strenuous sports and exercises frequently experience
Anaerobles
microbial forms that do not require oxygen
Prostate gland
AG-secretes fluid that nourishes sperm (30% of semen)
Inguinal Hernia 
Treatment or Prevention
medical treatment and surgery required
symptoms of genital herpes
blisterlike sores, muscles pain, fever, burning during urination for men
Clang Associations
Repetition of words of phrases thta are similare in sound but in no other way
concurrent review
review for medical necessity of tests and procedures ordered during an inpatient hos-pitalization.
aspirate
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract
perineum
pelvic floor in both the male and vemale. In females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus.
Puberty
The period in life during which humans become biologically capable of reproduction.
how long does the prep phase take?
1-2 seconds
metabolism varies among individuals (2 ex.)
genetic, drinking behavior.
: a drug that causes relaxation and sleepiness.
Depressants
Psychoactive drugs
substances that cause changes in brain chemistry and alter consciousness, perception, mood, and thought


Hypo kinetic Diseases—
diseases such as heart disease, obesity, and high blood pressure that are directly associated with low levels of daily physical activity
Neuromuscular junction
termination of motor neuron on the sarcolemma of muscle fibre
chewing tobacco
form of tobacco placed in the mouth and absorbed though the mucous membranes of the oral cavitiy aka spit tobacco
MYOFIBRILSAKE UP MUS
PROTEIN STRUCTURES THAT MAKE UP MUSCLE FIBERS
Most errors occur in which stage of the med process?
Prescribing (56%)
exchange lists sort food according to
thier energy nutrient content
homosexual
person who is attracted to a member of the same sex
Neural Tube Defects (NTDs)
Spina bifida and other malformations of the neural tube. Detects result from incomplete formation of the neutral tube during the first month after conception.
most important considerations of opthalmic formulations
- sterility and preservation- isotonicity valuebufferingviscosity and thickening agentsocular bioavailability- free from particles
genital warts
HPV, marts in the genital area that are caused by the human papilloma virus
Noncommunicable Disease
A disease that is not transmitted by another person.
target heart rate
the number of heartbeats per minute that you should aim for during moderate to vigorous activity benefit your circulatory system the most.
What's substance abuse?
any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical reasons
CALL 911
IF LIPS OR NAILS ARE BLUE,
CHILD HAS TROUBLE TALKING,
MEDS ARE NOT AVAILABLE OR NOT WORKING,
NECK/THROAT/CHEST MUSCLES ARE PULLING IN (RETRACTING),
NASAL FLARING OCCURS WHEN INHALING, OBVIOUS DISTRESS,
ALTERED LEVEL OF CONFUSION,
DETERIORATING CONDITION.
What class of drugs are primarily used for PONV and CINV?
5HT3 receptor antagonists
(SSRI)
carpal tunnel
A canal in the wrist through which the flexor tendons and the medians nerve pass
bone marrow aspiration
sample of bone marrow is removed by aspiration with needle and examined for diseases such as leukemia or aplastic anemia
the duration of x-ray exposures may be established _____________ or _______________
manually or automatically
unsaturated fats
fats that do not have room for more hydrogen in their chemical structure; derived from plants, liquid.


Extrinsic approaches to physical activity—
valuing physical because of the benefits that come from participating
What are the immediate effects of Inhalants
dizziness, disorientation, slowed reaction times.
How should tretinoins be administered with benzoyl peroxide?
Is there any exception?
They should not be administered together and should be seperated by 12 hrs.
The exception is the microsphere verion of the tretinoin that is more stable
managed care organization (MCO)
responsible for the health of a group of enrollees; can be a health plan, hospital, physician group, or health system.
What Book: Special exercises, convalescent, weak, and older patients
The Art of Gymnastics Among the Ancients
social physique anxiety (SPA)
desire to look good that has a destructive effect on a person's ability to function effectively in social interactions and relationships.
"For HFOV, settings that critically influence PaCO2"
"increasing frequency reduces Vt, reduces CO2 elimination, and results in a higher PaCO2.decreasing the frequency is accomplished in increments of 1 - 2 Hz until a min of 3 Hz is reached. An upward adjustment of frequency results in an increase in PaCO2, whereas a downward adjustment of frequency results in a decrease in PaCO2"
What type of therapy and alternative?
Moderate- Nodular
1st-Oral abx + topical retinoid + BP
Alt- Oral isotretinoin or alternatives of the above
Alt for females- oral antiandrogen+ topical retinoid +/- oral abx +/- alt. antimicrobial
What is the Convalescence stage?
the stage of recovery after a disease, injury or surgery
what are novel drug delivery systems
- drug delivery systems which are modifications of currently available dosage forms and which are new to the market
The physiological goal of NPPV in acute respiratory failure
the avoidance of intubation and invasive ventilation
What objective data should be used to determine adequate pain therapy?
Amount of PRN meds used
Compliance (pill count, MAR)
Vitals (acute pain)
Trend in length of hospitalization for childbirth?
- LOS is getting shorter for childbirth
Types of variabilities that can occur when monitoring a patient
"Signals or Values are susceptible to variability due to artifacts, factitious events, physiologic variation, and instrument drift. Artifacts are spikes or shifts that are not consistent with pt status due to patient or monitoring lines being moved, or a patient cough; factitious events are real."
What is an "iatrogenic” etiology of disease?
An iatrogenic condition one that is unintended due to a medical treatment.
Explain the four phases of waveform displays for the fractional concentration of expired CO 2 (F eCO 2) versus time
"Phase 1- initial gas exhaled is from conducting airway, containing low levels of CO2 from inspired air. Phase 2 - alveolar gas containing CO2 mixes with gas from anatomical airways, and the CO2 concentrations rises. Phase 3 - the curve plateaus as alveolar gas is exhaled (referred to as end-tidal CO2 or PetCO2. Phase 4 -(inspiration) concentration falls to zero"
What risks do teens face from using steroids?
Ligaments remain the same size so too much stress on the muscles can result in a career ending injury
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