AP Government: Congress Flashcards

United States Congress
Terms Definitions
third district
boswell
committees
Conference committees, joint committees, select committees and standing committees
oversight
congressional monitoring of the activities of executive branch agencies to determine if the laws are being faithfully executed
Redistricting
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population
public bills
apply to the entire nation
reapportionment
the redrawing of legislative district boundaries to provide equality of representation
earmark
funds that an appropriations bill designates for a particular purpose within a state or congressional district
Rider
A nongermane amendment to an important bill.
Committee on Committees
Assigns Republicans to standing committees in the Senate
whip
A representative who serves under the majority or minority leader, and who keeps in close contact with all party members, takes nose counts, provides summaries of bills, and acts as a communication link within the legislative party.
joint committee
congressional committees on a few subject matter areas with membership drawn from both houses
gerrymandering
a form of boundary redistricting in which electoral distric or constituency boundaries are deliberately modified for electoral purposes, thereby producing a contorted or unusual shape
Gridlock
A condition when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done
Parliament
An assembly of party reps which chooses a government and discusses major national issues.
revene bills begin where
in the house of rep
public bill
A legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern.
Speaker
The presiding officer in the House of Representatives, formally elected by the House but actually selected by the majority party.
term limits
a legal restriction that limits the numbers of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office
standing committee
a permanent committee, as of a legislature, society, intended to consider all matters pertaining to a designated subject
Quorem
minimum number of member which must be present for business to be conducted in Congress
Conference Resoultion
A special type of joint committee appointed to resolve differences in House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation.
Safe districts
Districts in which the winner got more than 55% of the votes
filibuster
A formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long speeches or unlimited debate in the Senate.
seniority system
a custom followed in voth chambers of congress specifying that members iwht longer terms of continuous service will be given preference when committe chairpersons and holders of other significant posts are selected
incumbency
the fact that being in office helps a person stay in office helps a person stay in office because of variety of benefits that go with the position
Chrismas tree Bill
A bill that has lots of riders
Discharge Petition
A means by which the House can remove a bill stalled in committee
unanimous consent agreement
sets terms for the consideration of a specified bill or other measure, the majority leaders or floor manager usually proposes them
Shaw v. Reno
The Court ruled that although it was a legitimate goal for state legislatures to take race into account when they draw electoral districts in order ot increase the voting strength of minorities, they may not make race the sole reason for drawing district lines.
Speaker of the House
the 3rd in line to presidency, the most powerful in the House, refers bills, and votes to break ties
how does the senate and the bill work 2nd step
floor debate without the rules committte
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