AP Human Geo Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Geographer. Theory,Cultural Landscape.
Carl Sauer
In Pennsylvania (Dutch), german. Faith, family, Friends. *Barn Raising. horses & bugys
Amish
Language family, China- Southeast Asia 24%
Sino-Tibetan [Examples]
Language family, Africa-Middle East two major divisions- Semitic and Hamatic 6%
Afro ASiatic [Examples]
The borders of individual words or pronuncitations.
Isoglasses
The belief that cultures are dierctl or indierctly shaped by the physical enviornment.
Enviornmental Determinism
Under Indo European. [Ex: French, Italian, Spanish]
Romance Languages [Examples]
Characteristics of a culture [Ex: religion, Muslims pray 5 times a day]
Culture Traits [Examples]
simple square, accurate in middle
Mercatar Maps/ Map Distortion
Dillution in culture with increasing time and distance from origin.
Time Distance Decay
Zero population growth
a condition of demographic balance where the number of people in a specified population neither grows nor declines
Multlanguage region [Ex: Hebrew, US, Nigeria, east Africa]
Polygots & Bilingual Countries
heterogenous, fads, change [Ex: music, dance, clothing, food pref.]
Pop Culture Characteristics [Examples]
When you become part of a culture completely, swallowed up [Ex: American Melting Pot]
Assimilation [Examples]
Percieved region [Ex: Midwest- Dorthy Lynch
Vernacular regions [*Give Examples]
push factor
A factor that leaves one with no choice but to leave one's current home (especially parental home), country, region, organization, or religion
population density
The average number of people who live on each square mile (or kilometer) of land
Voluntary Migration
the unforced or free movement of large groups of people or individuals from their homelands to new areas
When you take the big culture so you can fit in, but still keep your own culture.[Ex: ESL Students]
Acculturation [Examples]
An area that functions as a unit politically, socially, or economically. [Examples: city, independent state church , parish, trade area, farm, Fed. Resrv. Dist.]
Functional Cultural Regions [Examples]
parallels
latitude
intercontinental, intracontinental, and interregional are examples of
migration patterns
concentration is the opposite of
dispersion
Arable
Literally, cultivable; land fit for cultivation by one farming method or another.
Sunni
largest branch of Islam, orthodox, believe in the effectiveness of family and community in the solution of life's problems, and they differ from the Shi'ites in accepting the traditions (sunna) of Muhammad as authoritative
who developed the global grid system
ptolemy
in egypt what is the law
shari
Age-sex pyramid
graphic representation (profile) of a population showing the percentages of the total population by age, and sex, normally in five-year groups
in east africa the nomadic Massai tribesman build a shelter made from sticks and cow dung is called
manyatta
geography is often reffered to as
spatial science
Basques, palestinians and kurds are examples of
stateless nations
when language is spread by population moving to a new territory is spread by what type of diffusion
relocation
J-Curve
A curve shaped like the letter J, depicting exponential or geometric growth (1, 2, 4, 8, 16...).
Density
a description of the quantity per unit area of a given object or living organism
what are the 2 southern hearths
southern tidewater
mississippi delta
a rate of natural increase of 2.0 percent results in a doubling time of how many years?
35
cultural landscape
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
Population Concentration
A measurement of the number of people per given unit of land.
what are the 2 middle atlantic hearths
delaware valley
chesapeake bay
how many years ago did islam come to Nigeria
700
the hudson valley settlers were
dutch french flemish english and german
what 3 house styles originated in the middle atlantic hearths
log cabin
four-over-four
I house
Stationary Population Level (SPL)
a level that suggest most (if not all) countries' populations will stop growing at some time during the twenty-first century
Baby Boom
...
distance joins
location and direction
geography means
description of the earth
Restrictive Population Policies
Restrictive population policies Government policies designed to reduce the rate of natural increase.
wat percent of migarants are female
40-60%
maternaly mortalitity rates in the developing world compared to the developd world are
higher
Medical Revolution
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many other traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
caste system
the strict social segregation of people-specifically in India's Hindu society-on the basis of ancestry and occupation
the equator is located at what degree
0
the demographic transition was created to initially describe the population change of what region
western europe
example of a positional dispute
argentina and china
maladaptive
of, pertaining to, or characterized by maladaptation:
Census
A periodic and official count of a country's population.
Protestant
one of the three major branches of Christianity, following the widespread societal changes in Europe starting in the 1300s CE, many adherents to the Roman Catholic Church began to question the role of religion in their lives and opened the door to the Protestant Reformation wherein John Huss, Martin Luther, John Calvin and others challenged many of the fundamental teachings of the Roman Catholic Church
map with long lines curved so north and south arent so distorted
robinson
iconography examples in U.s.
magna carta, declaration of independence, national anthem
Industrial Revolution
The term applied to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce and manufacturing that resulted from technological innovations and specialization in late-eighteenth-century Europe.
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
the number of deaths per thousand
population projections are based on
fertility mortality and migration rates
Sex Ratio
The number of males per 100 females in the population
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
in a spatial sense everything is related to everything else but that relationships are stronger when items are near one another
toblers first law of geography
Eastern Orthodox church and Roman Catholic church
one of the three major branches of Christianity, arose out of the division of the Roman Empire by Emperor Diocletian into four governmental regions: two western regions centered in Rome, and two eastern regions centered in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey)
Cairo Plan
in 1994
genocide
the systematic killing or extermination of an entire people or nation
statistical study of human population
demography
Distribution
to disperse something in certain amounts
the st lawrence valley settlers were
french
which group has the highest TFR
hispanic
Agricultural Density
The ratio number of agricultural farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture/farming
vaule of product, distance over which it must be moved and the ability of the commodity to absorb the economic cost of its transportation are related to
transferability
at what degree is the international dateline
lat or long
180
lat
the minimum total fertility rate to produce a replacement population is
2.1
in turkey what is still banned today
headscarves
hinduism
the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many schools of philosophy and theology, ma
Exponential Growth
cumulative or compound growth of a population over a given time period
these flows are either individual exchange or mass communication
spatial information flows
map good for navigation, all lat and long intersect at right angles
mercator
about 1/2 of the worlds people speak languages from what family
indo-european
Crude/Arithmetic Density
Total number of peiople divided by the total land area
ex of territorial dispute
kashmir- claimed by india and pakistan
Arithmetic population density
the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area
Infant mortality rate (IMR)
a figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population
what are the 3 dominating interests in geography
areal variation of of physical and human phenonmena on earht
spatial system
regional anaylsis
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