AP Human Geography - Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Clustered concentration
Close together
pop culture
large population, heterogenous, urban/suburb society, modern
the systematic killing or extermination of an entire people or nation
the world's most widespread religion. A universalizing religion. monotheistic, uses missionaries to expand its members world wide. The three main branches are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern orthodox
term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world
loyalty and devotion to a nationality
Place where an idea originates from
The process of rellocationof electoral seats to defined territories
Food Web
Describe the feeding relationships between species to another within an ecosystem. Organisms are connected to the organisms they consume by arrows representing the direction of biomass transfer. It also shows you how the energy from the producer is given to the consumer. A food web extends the food chain concept from a simple linear pathway to a complex network of interactions.
Independance form control of its internal affairs by other states.
the systematic method of transferring the globe grid system from the earths curved surface to the flat surface of a map
The third theme of Geography as defined by the GENIP; an area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, funtional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon.
population distribution
description of locations on the Earth's surface where populations live
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
the status of belonging to a particular nation, whether by birth or naturalization
interfaith boundaries
boundaries between the world's major faiths
World-systems theory
Developed by Immanuel Walkerstein it explains the emergence of a core, periphery, and semi-periphery in terms of economic and political connections.
The scientific study of the location of people and activities across the Earth's surface, the resons for their distribution, the organization of material by place, and the analysis of regional similarities and differences.
Spatial perspective
An intellectual framework thas looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and, finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places
Spatial interaction
The movement and activies shared between different places; and the interdependence between different areas
textile production
-spinning fibers for yarn
-weaving or knitting yarn into fabric (and then finishing by dyeing or bleaching)
-butting and sweing fabric into clothing or other products (i.e. carpets, towels, etc.)
Cereal grain
A grass yielding grain for food.
Economic Base
A community's collection of basic industries
developing country
any of the world's poor, or "have-not," nations
How something is laid out; space on Earth's surface.
Folk Culture
Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, customs, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities.
Caste system
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
The spread of something over a given area.
In the context of political power, the capacity of a state to influence other states or achieve its goals through diplomatic, economic,and militaristic means.
States whose leaders are deemed to be under divine guidance, their actions representing the will of a supreme king
Least-developed country
Africa, parts of South America and Asia, that usually have low levels of economic productivity, low per capita incomes, and generally low standards of livin.
Gender equity
A measure of the oppertunities given to women compared to men within a given country.
biomass fuel
fuel that derives from plant material and animal waste
primate city
A country's leading city is always disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national capacity and feeling. The primate city is commonly at least twice as large as the next largest city and more than twice as significant. - Mark Jefferson, 1939. This quote throughly defines a primate city.
Compact State
Distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Forced Migration
where the migrant has m=been compelled to move by cultural factors.
the number or percentage of persons of a specified kind permitted to enroll in a college, join a club, immigrate to a country, etc.
arithmetic density
the total number of objects in an area
ethnic cleansing
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
territorial integrity
the right of a state to defend sovereign territory against incursion from other states.
Electorial College
A certain # of electors from each state proportional to a seemingly representative of that states population
breeder reactor
a nuclear power plant that creates its own fuel from plutonium
hierachial dfiiusion
diffusion form a select few, to a slightly largre group, to a larger group untill it goes world wide
physical geography
One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and locations of the Earth's natural phenomena such as soil, climate, plants, animals, and topography.
Early types of maps
-Babylonians created one of the 1st known "maps of the world" on a clay table; world is circular w/ 2 lines centrally drawn to represent the Tigris & Euphrates rivers.
-First " city map is believed to have been created in Mesopotamia showing the city of Lagash; carved in stone of an idol
-Early Chinese maps woven on silk showed great details of towns provinces & land features; Phei Hsiu( Fei Xiu) is known as the father of Chinese cartography
-Many early cartographers place the Earth as the center of the universe (omphalos syndrome) or objects significant to their culture
- Early Geography was often influenced & altered by science, religion & philosophy.
Dependency ratio
Number of people under 16 and over 64 compared to the working class
chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)
a gas used as a solvent, a propellant in aerosols, a refrigerant, and in plastic foams and fire extinguishers
Clustered Rural Settlement
a rural settlement in which the houses are situated close to each other and and fields surround the settlement
Roles of TV in society
1) most popular leisure activity for MDCs
2)most important mechanism by which knowledge of pop culture is rapidly diffused (like sports)
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