AP Human Geography - Vocab 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Commonwealth of Independent States
Advocacy of population control programs to enough resources for current and future populations
Cultural modifications resulting form intercultrual exchange and borrowing; occurs over time (usally with the exchange of techonology)
extinct language
language without any native speakers
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
a principle of international relations that holds that final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legitimate rulers of independent states.
An outlying, functionally uniform part of an urban area, often(bu not always) adjacent to the central city.
Internal migration
The permanent or semipermanent movement of individuals within a country
belief that inanimate objects are animated, or have discrete spirits and conscious life
the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
a segregated ethnic area within a city. Jews primarily lived here during world war II
Five THemes (of geography)
Location, human-environment, region, place, and movement.
Distance Decay
The effects of distance interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.
A repetitive act performed by a particular individual.
identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor
The Economic Community of West African States
Languages that changed into different dialects because of time and isolation from the home source
Linguistic diversification
Mercator projection
A true conformal cylindrical map projection is particularly useful for navigation because it maintains accurate direction.
Robinson projection
Projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors
attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
A supercontinent which was all the currently existing continents conjoined together as one
Biomass Fuel
Wood, plant material, and animal waste.
Actions or processes that involve the entire World and result in making something worldwide in scope.
The art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns.
a term used by french for english words that have entered the french language, a combination of francais and anglais
Primate city
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Demographic Equation
equation that summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population during a certain period of time, also taking into account net migration and natural increase
forces that tend to unify a country- such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared idealogical objectives, and a common faith
Population Pyramids
Representation of the age and sex composition of a population whereby the percentage of each age group is represented by a horizontal bar
The idea that the world is becoming increasingly interconnected on a global scale such that smaller scales of polotical and economical life are becomming obsolete.
Commonwealth of Independent States
Confederacy of independent states formarly the Solviet Union that have united because of their economic and administrarive needs.
Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group
natural resource
any valued element of the nviornment uncludes minerals water vegtation and soil
bulk-reducing industry
when the finished product weighs less than the material it's made from
-results in having the manufacturing plant closer to the material than the market
Contagious diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. (Ex- ideas placed on the internet)
a patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning
international refugees
refugees who have crossed one or more international boundaries during their dislocation, searching for asylum in a different country
Time-space Compression
A term associated with the work of David Harvey that refers to the socail and physiological effects of living in a world in which time-space convergence has rapidly reached a high level of intensity.
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
What country is the world's leading exporter of rice?
The United States
Law of the sea
Law establishes states' rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and use of the earth's seas oceans and other resourses
Functional Region
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
Wet rice
Rice planted on dryland in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth.
the spread or movement of a phenomenon over space or through time
spatial diffusion
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
The number of deaths yearly per thousand people ina population.
Inner city decay
Those parts of large urban areas that lose a significant portion of the populations as a result of change in industry or migration to the suburbs. As a result it loses tax base and becomes a center of poverty
crude death rate
the number of deaths per 1000 people in one year
What is the official language of the USA?
it doesn't have one
What is the Azimuthal projection?
A map projection of the earth designed so that a straight line from the central point on the map to any other point gives the shortest distance between the two points. Azimuthal equidistant maps are used mainly for plotting direction and distance from the map's central point, but measurements originating from other points on the map can be greatly distorted.
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