Ap human geography review ~a Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Sawah
Wet rice-field
what is migration transition?
?
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
five themes
Location, human-environment, region, place, and movement.
transnational corporation
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries
Sovereignty
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
geometric boundaries
political boundary defined and delimited as a straight line or an arc.
Nation
Tightly knit group of individuals sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural atributes.
Primacy
State of being first in rank.
Self-determination
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Prime Agricultural land
the most productive farmland
nomadism
movement among a definite set of places. Ex of cyclic movement.
seed agriculture
Reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds, which result from sexual fertilization.
Globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Rimland theory
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
democracy
government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate soverign and have the final say over what happens within the state.
Bulk-Reducing industries
the final manufactured product weighs less than the inputs
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government.
Devolution
Topographic space
The amount of connectivity between places, reguardless of the absolute distance separating them
Productivity
A measure of goods and services produced within a country.
The drive toward the creation and expansion of a colonial empire.
Imperialism
edge cities
describes the shifting focus of urbanization in the US away from the CBD toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe. These cities are characterized by extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas, and modern buildings
mental map
an internal representation of a portion of earths surface based on what an individual knows about a place containing personal impressions or what is in a place and where places are located
Truck Farming
commercial gardening or fruit farming so named because "truck" was a middle English word meaning bartering
judaism
not quite right on track- the first(IN TIME) monotheistic religion. based on a sense of ethnic identity, and its adherents tend to form a tight-knit communites whereever they live. believers believe in Jesus, but they do not believe that Jesus is the Messiah.
germanic language
reflect the exppansion of peoples out of northern europe to the west and south
Thomas Malthus
-Englishman who published an essay on the Principle of Population(1798)
-Believed that the global population was growing exponentially & the food supply arithmetically so there would be a point where the population would outgrow the food supply
-Launched modern followers (Neo-Malthusians)
new urbanism
outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs
Nationality
identity with a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country
Map projection
This occurs because you must transform the curved surface of the earth on a flat plane.
The predecessor of Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit
Proto-Indo-European Language
Cultural complex
The group traits that define a particular culture.
Least-developed country
Africa, parts of South America and Asia, that usually have low levels of economic productivity, low per capita incomes, and generally low standards of livin.
Blockbusting
A practice used by real estate agents and developers to encourage white property owners to sell by giving the impression that black people are moving into the neighborhood.
Ethnicity
Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular home land or hearth.
Primate City
the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many peopleas the second ranking settlement
International migration
permanent movement from one country to another
forced migration
the migrant has been compelled to move by cultural factors
Official language
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin Language
A form of speech that adopts a simplified gammar and limited vocab of a lingua franca, used for communications amongst speakers of two different languages.
International Date Line
The line of longitude that marks where each new day begins, centered on the 180th meridian
Human Development Index
Measure used by the United Nations that calculates developement in terms of human welfare not money aor productivity. The HDI evaluates human welfare based on three parameters: life expectancy, education, and income.
Two reasons for consumption of snack foods and alcohol
-high income
-national advertising
Push Factor
induces people to move into a new location.
Mental Maps
Maps in our minds of places we have been and places we have only heard of.
unilateralism
World order in which one state is in a position of dominance with allies following rather than joining the political decision-making process
Cognative map
An image of a portion of the earth's surface that an individual creates in his or her mind. They can include knowledge of actual locations and relationships between locations as well as personal perceptions and preferences of particular places
Squatter Settlement
an area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
What is a non-material culture?
A component of culture that consists of the abstract or intangible human creations of society (such as attitudes, beliefs, and values) that influence people's behavior.
As we enter the twenty-first century, we are burdened with a boundary system rooten in what?
the 19th century, which is a recipe for disaster
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