Perception 3 Flashcards

Depth perception
Terms Definitions
phonation
adjust airflow,
structualistic psych.
sum of parts2+2=4
opportune
appropriate, favorable, or suitable:
Resonator
VT, changes size and shape
iniquitous
characterized by injustice or wickedness; wicked; sinful.
grouping
the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups.
perceptual constancy
perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change
Our first awareness of sensory information, in the form of meaningless bits of info, is called a
sensation
Constructivist
Approach which holds we construct reality by putting together raw bits of sensory information
ear canal
insulates tympanic membrane, resonant tube
Perceptual Set
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
Monocular Cues
Cues that require stimulation from only one eye for the brain to perceive depth.
extrasensory perception
The ability to perceive something without ordinary sensory information,the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input. Said to include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition.
Figure-Ground
the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings
The example presented in your textbook about assuming that a body-builder is a large man, but in fact, he a small man, represents the influence of:
perceptual set
Monocular cues for depth perception included cues from nearer and farther objects moving at different speeds called
motion parallax
Traffic arrows composed of flashing lights are an example of:
phi movement
rules of perceptual organization
1/figure: ground, more/less descrption2/similarity: tend. to group objects together3/closure: tend.to fill in missing info4/proximity: group objects that r closer as the belonging
binocular disparity
the difference between the retinal image of an object in each eye that results in two slightly different signals being sent to the brain
sine wave
pure tone, simplest kind of sound
ferocity
a ferocious quality or state; savage fierceness.
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere
Similarity
The tendency to group stimuli on the basis of their similarity (in shape, color, size, etc.) to each other.
Human factors psychologists
psychologists who explore how people and machines interact, and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use; help design appliances and work settings to fit natural perceptions.
Visual Cliff
a laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals
Relative clarity
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; hazy objects are farther away than sharp, clear objects
The binocular cue that occurs when each eye receives a slightly different image is called
retinal disparity
depth
ability of eye/brain to add a 3rd dimensin to visual percetptions
intermodal perception
the combining of information from two or more sensory systems
no ability or limited to conjour up
odor imagery
neglect
inability to attend to or respond to stimuli in the contralesional visual field. EG. patient with left visual neglect wont see anything in left visual field
human factors psychology
a branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be adapted to human behaviors.
Relative Height
objects higher in our field of vision are farther away
An orange blob is to a tiger as sensation is to ________.
perception
Lois tells her friend Karl to always type class assignments on an expensive typewriter because instructors are less likely to spot errors on an official-looking page. Lois's advice relies on
perceptual set
spotlight model
attention can move from one point to the next. favored by cognitive psy.
Fourier Analysis
Process of identifying one out of many sinusoids.

Human auditory system does do a Fourier analysis on sounds.

(Point of Agreement)
perceptual set: a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
How could a cyclops land an airplane?
Rely on monocular cues
perceptual adaptation
in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field
A person who is blind in one eye uses more ________ cues than ___________ cues
monocular; binocular
What is search asymmetry?
When it takes longer to find what you're looking for when distractors aren't what you are used to seeing
What is the principle of unity?
We make traits organize well, and explain away inconsistent, negative info
What are cross-racial recognition effects?
We are not as good at seeing individual differences between people we are not used to looking at
Why is it useful to use prior information in real life?
Because it makes you recognize what you're looking at much faster.
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