perceptive Flashcards

Depth perception
Terms Definitions
false combination
illusory conjunction
Does similarity override proximity?
A computer-generated illusionary experience is called:
virtual reality
pitch is fundamentally ass.
fundamental frequency
the binocular cue for perceiving depth; the extent to which the eyes converge inward when looking at an object
the perceptual tendency to group stimuli into continuous patterns.
top-down processing
information processing guided by higher-level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations
Two reasons many researchers are skeptical of psychic abilities is that some supposedly psychic phenomena were actually accomplished with________and some previous studies that supported ESP had questionable__________
magnitude of displacement of asound pressure wave
easily provoked to anger; very irritable:
the organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)
Ponzo illusion
using linear perspective, we reason that an object in the distance would need to be larger than the closer object in order to appear the same size
The perception and transmission of thoughts or images by other than normal sensory channels are referred to as psychic experiences or
PSI phenomena
The just noticeable difference serves as the foundation for:
Weber's Law
linear perspective
cue for depth perception. Parallel lines that stretch out into the distance seem to converge at some point. A stimulus is farther away as it approaches the point of convergence
inattentional blindness
an observed phenomenon of the inability to perceive features in a visual scene when the observer is not attending to them.
having or showing little or no interest in anything; languid; spiritless; indifferent:
Selective Attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
binocular cues
depth cues, such as the retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes.
relative size
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; the smaller retinal image is farther away.
visual capture
tendency for vision to dominate other senses
stimuli that appear the same tend to be grouped together are called
You want to learn more about holistic thinking. Based on the study described in Module Six, which culture would you want to visit?
phi phenomenon
an illusion of movement created when tow or more adjacent lights blink on and off in sucession
an area of the visual sys that received one copy of the order issued by the motor system when the eye moves. can compensate for the image changes caused by eye movement. tells visual system if their is movement
wishing evil or harm to another or others; showing ill will; ill-disposed; malicious:
Human factor psychology
branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments cane be made safe and easy to use
light and shadow
a monocular cue for perceiving depth; a dimmer object seems farther away
As you look down the street, you see an apartment building partially overlapping an office building. Based on the depth cue of _____, you know that the apartment building is closer to you.
What are Stereotypes?
A generalization about a class of people/ groups, objects, or events that is widely held by a given culture
dependent variable
is reaction time; a measure of the time from the onset of a stimulus to a response
Explain more about figure/ground differentiation.
The greater dissimilarity between objects, the greater perception of segregation into different surfaces.
Perceptual Adaptation
The ability of the brain and body to adapt to new ways of trasducing or perceiving stimuli -- i.e., the ability to eventually function efficiently with a set of goggles that invert one's vision.
Perception is best defined as the:
combination and interpretation of sensations
serial self terminating search
items are examined one after another until found
What is overt orienting?
You can see where someone is attending/responding (this is denoted by a head turn or a shift in the eyes.)
What is the McGurk effect?
A compromise between what it looks like someone is saying and what it sounds like someone is saying
The study on subliminal messages cited in your textbook suggests that among the subjects, 50% reported improvements in memory or self-esteem. The type of improvement, memory or self-esteem, was determined by
the title of the tape not content!
What is a covert endogenous system?
Endogenous systems come from within a person (self-generated control of attention). This is the voluntary reorienting of attention.
What is the second level of the pandemonium theory?
It involves "feature demons," which each have a preferred characteristic they look for
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