Personality Psychology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
interests suppressed 6-puberty
lingering unresolved sexual-seeking energies
Consistency of personality test?
Other concepts of Jung
Secondary Drive
learned (need for money)
selective forgetting of painful memoriesnot conscious or voluntarymaterial stored in unconsciousUnconscious repressed material can influence behaviorUnconscious repressed material can become conscious if anxiety is removed
• social discomfort• limited social relationships• hypersensitivity to and avoidance ofcriticism, embarrassment, and rejection• often lonely and bored
Emotional Intelligence
Includes accurately perceiving emotions in oneself and others and controlling and regulating one's own emotions.
The basic and pervasive personality dispositions that are apparent in early childhood and that establish the tempo and mood of the individual's behavior.
Defense Mechanisms
Unconscious coping strategies that reduce anxiety. Displacement- diverting unacceptable impulses toward unrelated object.Projection- attributing our own unacceptable impulses to others.Rationalization- justifying unacceptable impulses as appropriate. Regression- retreating to an earlier stage of development. Reaction formation- replacing unacceptable impulses with their opposite. Sublimation- channeling unacceptable impulse into acceptable outlets.
Process that contributes to arousal/ alertness
Major characteristics of an individual, such as honesty, sociability.
Central Trait
psychic energy invested in an image
Dollard & Miller
habit hierarchy, drives, frustration-aggression hypothesis, approach-avoidance conflict
Defense Mechanisms of Freud
RepressionDenial Reaction Formation
the individual's attempt to deny rather than acknowledge a real situation or for the exaggerated effort to conceal a weakness
Consistency of scores that are expected to be the same
Freud's concept of, psychic enery that drives people to experience sensual pleasure.
According to Eysenck's theory, _____ tend to seek out stimulating environments, while _____ tend to avoid stimulating environments.A)neurotics; psychoticsB)psychotics; neuroticsC)extraverts; introvertsD)introverts; extraverts
C)extraverts; introverts
Emotional-Motivational Repertoires
each person reacts differently to stimuli based on environment, some are biological (like fear and hunger) and they motivate behavior
a hormone that may have specific effects in women of emotional attachment and calming
Measrue what is designed to be measured?
energy created by eupsychia that owuld cause all people to work together constructively/cooperatively
a relationship such that variation in one dimension produces variation in another.
Stereotype Threat
some identification with a group becomes pertanent. evaluation apprehension assoc with said group can arise and become disruptive. when salience of group decreases cognitive accessability of stereotype decreases
choices are never perfect, there is always a trade-off
Challenges to the Unconscious
-cognitive and neuropsychological research has shown that we can learn and process info outside of conscious awareness
-automaticity= we can learn to function in "automatic" way w/o conscious thought, but become aware when necessary= learning to drive then driving for a long time, then have a wreck now you are acutely aware of how you drive
-unconscious v nonconscious same thing?
Pessimistic Strategy
The worst is likely to happen.
the act of directing one's interest outward or to things outside the self.
Expressive Style
Used to describe nonverbal social skills such as vocal characteristics, facial expressions, body gestures, and movements
A series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describes their own behavior or mental state.
Double Approach-Avoidance
conflict where one must chose between two options, both of which have positive and negative aspects
Evaluating Humanistic Perspectives
  Humanistic perspectives - it matters what you think
Freud- what you had to say didn’t really matter
Behaviorist - just made decision off of your behaviors
Highlight the importance of a person’s subjective view of reality
Focus attention on the issue of what constitutes a healthy personality
Lack a strong research base
Overly optimistic view of human nature?
Represents the rights and the wrongs of society as taught and modeled by one’s parents, teachers, and other significant individualsIncludes the (conscience)
Super- Ego
experiment corollary
experience alone is not the best teacher, but the acive construing of eperience is
experimental control
the holding constant of variables that are not being manipulated.
Subjective Continuation
people experience a basic oneness and durability in the self. ppl know about own if then patterns
bad faith
opt out of thinking existentially. ex focus on money
Carl Rogers
Empirically Supported Treatments
nStrong support exists for empathic understanding and positive regard, whereas the results of studies of congruence are more ambiguous
nStudies from a psychodynamic perspective also support the association between positive regard and outcome
It is the moral branch of personality, aka our "conscience". Doesn't consider reality, only if the id's impulses can be satisfied in moral terms
Two Goals
Goals related to workGoals related to social interaction
rorschach test
a test for revealing the underlying personality structure of an individual by the use of a standard series of 10 inkblot designs to which the subject responds by telling what image or emotion each design evokes.
It was _____ who said, “One should be capable of giving in to others, of fighting, and of keeping to oneself. The three can complement each other and make for a harmonious whole.”A)Alfred AdlerB)Carl JungC)Karen HorneyD)Albert Bandura
C)Karen Horney
Self Actualizing CharacteristicInterpersonal Relationships
have deep relationships with a few people rather than many superficial relationships
L.H. and emotional health
indivs w more control=better psych. adjusted
central dispostions
things that migth be written about you (letter of rec.)
Sigmund Freud-explored unconscious
Faced patients whose disorders made no neurological sense.
Internal/External locus of control
Extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them.Internal: people believe that events result from their own behavior and actions/powerful others, fate, or chance.External: believe that their environment, some higher power, or other people control their decisions and their life.
Psychic conflict arises with issues between these three things....
(according to Freud)
Id (pleasure)
Ego (reality
Superego (moral)
What is the SUPEREGO?
The part of personality of internalized values and rules that we receive from our parents and society
Carl Jung Introvert
Those people who are preoccupied with the internal world of their own thoughts, feelings, expressions They are more reclusive
Commonality Corollary
people are similar when one uses the a construction of experience which is similar to another person’s constructions of experience, their psychological processes are similar
Transference (Freudian theory)
patient treats the therapist as if the therapist were a significant figure (e.g., a parent) from his/her personal life
Social Comparison Theory
FESTINGER - based on who is available for comparison. your sense of self is a function of who is around for comparison (downward and upward)
Roger's Conditions for Successful Psychotherapy
1. Two persons are in psychological contact.
2. The first person, the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious.
3. The second person, termed the therapist, is congruent or integrated in the relationship.
4. The therapist is experiencing unconditional positive regard toward the client.
5. The therapist is experiencing an empathic understanding  of the client’s internal frame of reference.
6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is, to a minimal degree, achieved.
Which of the following represents the correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages of development?A)oral, anal, phallic, latency, genitalB)oral, anal, genital, latency, phallicC)anal, oral, latency, phallic, genitalD)oral, genital, anal, latency, phallic
A)oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
what are Horneys theory of psychotherapy goals?
help patients grow to self realizationgive up their idealized self-imagerelunquish their neurotic search for glorychange self hatred to self acceptance
How is data obtained on personality?What are the strengths and weaknesses of each?
Self-report: shame and ideals for oneself can bias oneself during such questionnaires. However, you have unique insights into your personality that other may not notice.Other-report:????????????Observation: Can be objective measurements such as heart rate, however may not show whole picture, such as public records.
3 sources of knowledge about the brain
brain damage, brain stimulation, brain imaging
A personality test that is based upon the presentation of a series of pictures
all individuals could expereince peak experiences which are...(more likely for self-actualized individuals)
"the feeling of being one with the world"
I want to become aware of aspects of my personality of which I am unaware. According to Freud, what should I do? According to Eysenck, what should I do?
Freud thinks we should go get psychoanalyzed, so that we can peer into our sub- and unconscious.
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