Phlebotomy test review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
leuko
white
Hepato-
liver
O2
oxygen
malacia
softening
Append/o
apppendix
Gastralgia
stomach ache
Vectors include
insects
BM
bowel movement
B/P
blood pressure
lymph/o
lympatic tissue
A-Arterial     V-Venous     C-Capillaries
 
Has thin walls and no pulse
 
Venous
Solute
A substance dissolved
Anaerobic
With out air
CAT
computerized axial tomography
ABO
blood group system
NPO
nothing by mouth
Complications from heelsticks
Cellulitis
Valves
Prevent blood back flow
Vaginitis
Inflammation of the vagina
pathy
disease, suffering, feeling emotion
hem/o
blood, relating to blood
Fill In The Blank
 
Venipuncture should never be performed on the _______ side as that of a mastectomy.
 
same
True or False
Confidentiality is considered a "Patient Right"
 
True
Vasoconstriction
The narrowing of blood vessels
venipuncture
surgical puncture of a vein
Hyponatremia
decreased sodium in the blood
Contains EDTA
Lavender and royal blue
Varcella-zoster is the cause of
chickenpox
Newborn Screening Tests
Sickle cell disease
Fill In The Blank
 
After a venipuncture procedure, activation of the ________ device will prevent accidental needlesticks.
 
safety
Overpumping the arm can result in
Hemoconcentration
Apply pressure
Prevent a post draw hematoma
Mutistick or multisample
Used for vacutainer system
Antigen
Substance that stimulates a specific resitance response and thus causes the body to produce antibodies
Hypernatremia
excess if sidium in the blood
Plasma
Fluid portion of anticoalgulated whole blood
Blood collected in light blue stoppered tubes is used for which test?
coagulation
diff
differential count of white blood cells
 
 
Containers for the disposal of needles and syringes should have which features?
 
 
puncture resistance
The bevel must...
face upwards prior to insertion.
Septicemia
The presence of bacteria in the blood
Anticoagulant
An agent that works against the formation of blood clots
Cardiology
study of the physiology and pathology of the heart
Gastroenterology
branch of medicine concerned with the physiology and pathology of the stomach, intestines and related areas
Melanoma
A milignant tumor that is often black
Endocrinology
that branch of medicine that deals with diseased of the ductless glands
A group of inherited disorders marked by increased bleeding times is known as
hemophilias
Albumin
Serum protein formed from amino acids, values can provide information on hydration, nutrition and liver function
Needle gauge and lumen have an ______ relationship.
inverse.
Hemoglobin
A decrease in this blood component may indicate iron-deficiency anemia
Lipemic
The presence of an abnormal amount of fatty substances
Hyperkalemia
An excess in the amount of potassium in the blood
Vasovagel
The action of stimuli from the vagus nerve on the blood vessels
Embolus
Blood clot or some other mass (which may be solid, liquid or gaseous) that stops up a blood vessel, brought to the plugged vessel from another area
Platelet aggregation
Part of the coagulation process Tested in a blood time test
Complete blood clotting takes ____ minutes
30 to 60
Uric acid
A metabolic waste product formed by the breakdown of nucleic acids and excreted by the kidney, cause of gout when it precicipitates into crystals
Triglygerides
The main form of lipid storage in adults, the serum or plasma may be milky in appearance when hyperlipidema is present
The most frequently used gauges are...
20, 21, and 22
Urinary
Having to do with the urinary tract or urine
the most important step when performing a phlebotomy procedure is to
properly id the patient
Venipuncture in pediatrics
Use the standard antecubital space if possible
Not recommended Puncture Site
Fingers of a newborn or infant
 
 
How long should the tourniquet be placed around the patient's arm?
 
 
no longer than one minute
4 -6 quarts
The amount of blood in the average person
Hematomas can be caused by:
Removing the tourniquet after removing the needle.
Not Recommended Puncture Sites
Fingers on the side of a mastectomy
80 - 120 days
What is the life span of an erythrocyte?
Safety equipment in the lab may include
ppe, emergency shower, eyewash station
What are the three primary elements of the chain of infection?
source, means of tranmission, susceptible host
The location for heel sticks is the
medial or lateral borders of the plantar surface
The tourniquet should be released when...
you are filling the last tube. Use one hand.
/ 72
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online