Piano Vocabulary Flashcards

Musical notation
Terms Definitions
quasi
almost
agitato
agitated
lebhaft
lively
copland
contemporary
senza
without
FORTE
(f)(loud)
captious
argumentative
moderato
moderatly
molto
much very
Con Brio
Brightly
Ionian mode
C-C
mezzoforte
moderately loud
Allegro
quickly, happily
crescendo
gradually louder
con moto
with motion
led. sempre
always pedal
subdominant
scale step 4
Beethoven
almost 10 symphonies
plagal
IV to I
simile
in the same manner
mf- mezzo forte
medium loud
dynamics
how loud or soft
calando
becoming softer and slower
fortississimo; very, very loud
fff
ottava
the intercal of an octave
tonic
scale step 1 the keynote
andantino
a little faster than andanter
3
What number is the middle finger?
G Major
F#; relative to e minor
bass clef
knows as the f clef
Sforzando
(SF / SFZ) sudden strong accent
An eighth note/eighth rest
Gets half a beat
Interval
The distance between two notes, named with numbers
Melodic Interval
occur one note before the other
E
To the right of the two black keys
chromatic sign
group name for sharps, flats, and naturals
slur
curved line over or under notes on different lines or spaces. slurs mean play smoothly
polonaise
a polish dance of a stately character in moderate 3/4 meter
fermata
hold the note longer than its normal value
key note
the note from which a major scale begins and ends
how much sharp does F sharp major have
6 F,C,G,D,A,E
tonic triad
a 3 note chord built on scale step 1
time signature
a symbol with a top number and a bottom number, the top number says how many beats there are in a measure, the bottom number says what beat gets one count, the most common is 4/4 time
half note
a note you hold for half a whole note, usually two counts
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