Plants and Animals Flashcards

Terms Definitions
specimens
samples
ardilla
squirrel
Dodo
1681
ferr-
iron
tronco
trunk
cascara
rind
volar
to fly
la belleza
beauty
la gaviota
seagull
angiosperm
flowering plants
pyr-
heat; fire
coiled tail
curly tail
un poisson
a fish
la corteza
bark, peel
sand lizard
lacerta agilis
Eutherians
very diverse group
talons
a large carved claw
nurture
to take care of
Anthropods
Insects, Arachnids, Crustaceans, Millipedes/Centipedes
zoology
the study of animals
birder (n)
= Vogelfänger
= Vogelbeobachter
Trichinella
parasitic nematode that causes trichinosis; contracted by eating uncooked pork
Vertebrates
all animals that have backbones
Carnivore
A meat eating animal .
Endo-
A prefix that means inside.
xylem
the vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants
mollusc
invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
Phototropism
Plant growth in response to light
frond
the leaf of a fern plant
gastrulation
the process of forming an invagination
biodiversity
the variety of different species living in an area
colonize
to establish a colony in; settle:
natural vegetation
Trees, grasses, flowers and plants that grow without having people plant or care for them.
Spongy Mesophyll
loose tissue beneath the palisade layer of a leaf; has many air spaces between its cells
leaf
a well adapted food factory that captures the sun's energy and carries out the food-making process of photosynthesis
chlorophyll
green pigment found in plant cells that absorbs blue and red light
Ectoderm
develops skin and part of outside layer
unethical
not right, or correct or ethical; wrong
dreaded (adj)

('dredid)
[only before noun] causing fear

e.g. The dreaded moment had finally arrived

= gefürchtet
Wisk Ferns
P pterophyta, g psilotum, no true leaves or roots and is homosporous
behavior
the way a living thing acts or responds to the environment........Hibernation is a BEHAVIOR that helps animals survive during cold months.
symbiosis
WHen 2 kinds of living things live together in a special way:
Ex: dog & flea
Characteristics of Gymnosperms
"naked seeds", vascular tissue- xylem and phloem, i.e. conifers
predator
an animal that hunts and eats other animals
femur
the long bone in the leg extending from the pelvis to the knee; thighbone
foster (v)
1) to encourage sth to develop
e.g. The club’s aim is to foster better relations within the community
SYN = to encourage
SYN = to promote
= fördern, unterstützen, begünstigen
2) (especially BrE) to take another person’s child into your home for a period of time, without becoming his or her legal parents
e.g. They have fostered over 60 children during the past ten years
e.g. We couldn’t adopt a child, so we decided to foster
= aufziehen, pflegen
seep down (v)
nach unten sickern
e.g. rainfall and melted snow seep down into the groundwater system
pasture
an area covered with grass or other plants used or suitable for the grazing of livestock; grassland.
muzzle
the nose and mouth of dog and similar animals
germinate
when a seed begins to grow roots and shoots..........A seed needs to GERMINATE before it can grow into a healthy plant.
Varibles in animal bodies
symmetry, structure of body cavity, segmentaion and external appendages
small intestine
This organ absorbs the food into the bloodstream where it is taken throughout the body and turned into energy.
self-reliant (adj)
able to do or decide things by yourself, rather than depending on other people for help
SYN = independent
= selbständig, eigenverantwortlich
sporophyte
the stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores for reproduction
barley (n)

('baarli)
a plant grown for its grain that is used for making food, beer and whisky; the grains of this plant

= Gerste
mouthful (n)
1) an amount of food or drink that you put in your mouth at one time
e.g. She took a mouthful of water

2) (informal) a word or a phrase that is long and complicated or difficult to pronounce
IDIOMS

to not have a clue (informal)
1) to know nothing about sth or about how to do sth
e.g. I don’t have a clue where she lives

2) (disapproving) to be very stupid
e.g. Don’t ask him to do it—he doesn’t have a clue
rigid
strickt
ramo
bouqet
aur-
gold
anthrac-
coal
canguro
kangaroo
animals
have lysosomes
el venado
deer
la hoja
leaf
el mosquito
mosquito
el huerto
orchard
el gallo
rooster
Crustaceans
rollypolies, horse-shoe-crabs
Microstrobilus
Male gametophyte
thrust
to push suddenly
une prairie
a meadow
la serpiente
serpent, snake
botony
study of plants
over-fishing (n)
= Überfischung
langur
any asian long-tailed monkey
gymnosperm
seed bearing plants (conifers)
omnivore
eats plants and meat
Echinoderms
spiny-skinned invertebrates that live on the ocean bottom
animal
multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia
terrarium
a clear container with plants
inherit
to receive traits from parents
zeitgeber
the environmental agent that resets the biological clock e.g: change in light, temperature
Ferns
Any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having roots, stems, and fronds and reproducing by spores.
cones
where seeds form in non-flowering plants
Essential Functions (Animals)
feeding, respiration, circulation, excretion, response, movement, and reproduction
sponges
filter feeders, silica skeletons & sessile
societal (adj)

(so'saietel)
[only before noun] (technical) connected with society and the way it is organized

= gesellschaftlich
phloem
the vascular tissue through which food moves in some plants
Snake
mimicry this looks like a poisonous animal
Carpel
The female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of the stigma, style, and ovary.
arboretum
a park for growing and exhibiting trees and shrubs
chameleon
a type of lizard that changes color
3 groups of chordates
chephalochordates, urochordates and vertebrates
trait
a body feature that an animal inherits; it can also be some things that an animal does
progeny (n)

('protscheni)
[pl.] (formal or humorous) a person’s children; the young of animals and plants

e.g. He was surrounded by his numerous progeny

= Nachkommen, Kinder
anchors the plant in the soil, absorbs water and minerals, and sometimes stores food
Root
Pollination
transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of a plant
aviary
a large enclosure for holding birds in captivity
bilateral symmetry
when an organism can be divided roughly into mirror images
Style
the neck of the pistol; pollen tube grows down to reach ovules
Three main groups of animals
sponges, placozoans & eumetazoans
obligation
something that it is one's duty to do
humerus
the long bone between the shoulder and elbow in an arm, forelimb, or wing
fungus (n)
any plant without leaves, flowers or green colouring, usually growing on other plants or on decaying matter. Mushrooms and mildew are both fungi.
hatchery
a place for hatching eggs of hens, fish, etc., esp. a large, commercial or government site where the young are hatched, cared for, and sold or distributed.
Notochords
a long rod of stiff tissue that serves as support
cultivate
a. to grow crops; to prepare soil for growing crops
b. to encourage the development of a friendship or an interest
Population
A group of animals of the same species that share a particular habitat at the same time is a...
ulna
the bone of the human forearm that is on the side opposite the thumb
crop (n)
1) (plants for food)
a plant that is grown in large quantities, especially as food
e.g. Sugar is an important crop on the island
e.g. crop rotation / production / yield
= Nutzpflanze, Getreide

2) the amount of grain, fruit, etc. that is grown in one season
SYN: harvest
= Ernte

3) (group of people)
a group of people who do sth at the same time; a number of things that happen at the same time
e.g. She is really the cream of the crop (= the best in her group)

5) (hair)
a very short hairstyle

6) (bird)
(technical) a part of a bird’s throat shaped like a bag where food is stored before it passes into the stomach
= Kehlsack
3 Germ Layers
layers of cells that will develop into different parts of the organism; inside the embryo
offspring (n)
1) a child of a particular person or couple
e.g. the problems parents have with their teenage offspring
e.g. to produce / raise offspring
= Nachwuchs, Kinder

2) the young of an animal or plant
= Sprössling
raccoon
a river in NW Iowa, flowing SE to the Des Moines River. 200 mi. (322 km) long.
orbit (n)

to orbit (v)
noun:

1) a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star, moon, etc.
e.g. the earth’s orbit around the sun
e.g. A new satellite has been put into orbit around the earth
= Umlauf, Umlaufbahn

2) an area that a particular person, organization, etc. deals with or is able to influence
= Machtbereich, Einflussbereich

verb:
1) to orbit (around sth)
o move in an orbit (= a curved path) around a much larger object, especially a planet, star, etc
e.g. The earth takes a year to orbit the sun
= umkreisen
Name three Texas crops that grow on trees.
Pecans, peaches, and citrus fruits.
feroz
ferocious
hoja
leaf
bacc-
berry
carbon-
carbon
arbusto
bush
moth
night butterfly
el tucán
toucan
el águila
eagle
el grillo
cricket
meteor-
weather; atmosphere
plants
have cell walls
Annelida
segmented worms: earthworms
un cochon
a pig
Titans
Largest terror birds
onyx-
nail; hoof; claw
voracious predators
unersättliche Raubtiere
vertebrate
creature with a spine
Wooly Rhinoceros
10000 years ago
herp-
reptile; snake; spreading blister
deuterostomes
blastopore froms the anus
protrude
to stick out; to extend
Insecta
insects group among the Arthropods
botany
the scientific study of plants
agricultural yield (n)
= landwirtschaftliche Ernte
Cat
alarmed posture this animal looks larger by rasing its fur and arching its back
Cnidocytes
stinging cell on a cnidarian's tentacle
invertebrate
animals without backbones or spinal columns
Ctenophores
(comb jellies) posses radial symmetry, moved by beatings plates of cilia named ctenes
destructive (adj)

('distractiv)
causing destruction or damage

e.g. the destructive power of modern weapons
e.g. the destructive effects of anxiety
a system of tube-like structures inside a plant through which water, minerals, and food move
Vascular Tissue
fern
a type of green plant with feather-like leaves
Protostomes
Organisms that first forms a mouth when it develops.
Prototherians
only 5 living animals (platypus & echidnas)
elusive (adj)

(i'lusiv)
difficult to find, define, or achieve

e.g. Eric, as elusive as ever, was nowhere to be found

e.g. A solution to the problem of toxic waste is proving elusive

=
warbler
any of several small, chiefly Old World songbirds of the subfamily Sylviidae.
Scorpion
riding safely on mom a female carries her youngs on her back to protect them
Nonvascular plants
plant that absorbs water and other substances directly thorugh its cells
air, food, water, space
what all living things need
Banyan
One of the hardiest trees on earth. Found in Argentina, this can live with little water. It's wood is so moist that it would not bern, and so spongey that it can not be cut down.
habitat
environment in which a plant or animal lives
bird
an animal that has feathers, two legs, and wings
hostility (n)
1) hostility (to / towards sb/sth) unfriendly or aggressive feelings or behaviour
e.g. feelings of hostility towards people from other backgrounds
= Feindlichkeit

2) hostility (to / towards sth) strong and angry opposition towards an idea, a plan or a situation
e.g. public hostility to nuclear power

3) hostilities [pl.] (formal) acts of fighting in a war
e.g. the start / outbreak of hostilities between the two sides
Eastern Texas
This area has the wettest climate. The climate supports dense forests with tall trees and thick brush.
Secondary Growth
pattern of plant growth in which stems increase in width
Types of Body Symmetry
No symmetry, radial symmetry, and bilateral symmetry
invade (v)
1) to enter a country, town, etc. using military force in order to take control of it
e.g. Troops invaded on August 9th that year
e.g. When did the Romans invade Britain?

2) to enter a place in large numbers, especially in a way that causes damage or confusion
e.g. Demonstrators invaded the government buildings
e.g. As the final whistle blew, fans began invading the field

3) to affect sth in an unpleasant or annoying way
e.g. Do the press have the right to invade her privacy in this way?

= eindringen
Name three things that affect natural vegetation.
Climate, soil, and temperature.
dorm (n)
a room for several people to sleep in, especially in a school or other institution

= Schlafsaal
radial symmetry
No matter how it is cut, the two sides will always be the same
precious (adj)

('presches)
1) rare and worth a lot of money
e.g a precious vase

2) valuable or important and not to be wasted
e.g. Clean water is a precious commodity in that part of the world

3) loved or valued very much

4) [only before noun] (informal) used to show you are angry that another person thinks sth is very important

5) (disapproving) (especially of people and their behaviour) very formal, exaggerated and not natural in what you say and do
incubate (v)

('inkjubäit)
1) (of a bird) to sit on its eggs in order to keep them warm until they hatch
= brüten

2) (biology) to keep cells, bacteria, etc. at a suitable temperature so that they develop

3) be incubating sth (medical) to have an infectious disease developing inside you before symptoms (= signs of illness) appear
= inkubieren (--> Inkubationszeit)

4) (medical) (of a disease) to develop slowly without showing any signs
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