Poetry Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
rhythm
beat
analogy
comparison
tercet
3-line stanza
octave
8 lines
diction
word choice
couplet
two lines
cacophony
harsh sounds
metaphor
compares things completely
pyrrhic
two unaccented syllables
A.A. Milne
Disobedience rhythm
mood
atmosphere/feeling it evokes
Cinquain
A five line stanza
gustatory imagery
represents a taste
unrhymed iambic pentameter
blank verse
Gwendolyn brooks
we real cool
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
speaker
narrator of a poem
style
the characteristic manner of expression of an author.
rhyme
matching sounds in a poem
Quatrain
4 lines in a sonnet
The Streets of Laredo
no author
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration for humorous effect
Main points of Church Going
...
internal rhyme
rhyme within the line
personification
gicing non-human objects human qualities or characteristics
lyric poetry
a highly musical verse
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of non-rhyming words (big rag hug)
terza rima
an interlocking, three-line stanza form with the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc ded and so on
Trimeter
verse written in 3 foot lines
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
meter
measured pattern of rhythmic accents in a line of verse
Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter
Sound Devices
rhythm, alliteration, rhyme, and onomatopoeia
Paraphrase
Rewording for the purpose of clarification.
limerick
A light humorous, nonsensical, or bawdy verse of five anapestic lines usually with the rhyme scheme aabba.
feminine rhyme
turtle, fertile OR gladness, madness
denotation
the literal definition of a word
entreat
verb: ask someone to do something
Enjambment
The continuation ofa complete idea from one line of a poem to the next
poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
Paradox
Something crazy; a self contradictory statement
fourteen line lyric poem usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter
sonnet
parallelism
important phrases, words, or ideas are repeated. Syllables, style, and technique mimic each other in a sentence.
Ex: Katarina loves Dave Bolland and Dave Bolland loves Katarina.
Conceit
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
incido, incidere, incidi, incisum
break off, cut short
lyric poem
express emotions and emotion filled thoughts. includes sonnet, Ode, elegy
Structure
Described in terms of stanza, form, and meter.
Dramatic
presents characters who speak to other characters or to an implied audience using the techniques of drama
inference
to draw a conclusion about something; an educated guess
dialect
a variety of language that is distinguished from the standard form by pronounciation, grammar, and or vocabulary.
"Double Helix of DNA"
John Hollander, shape poem
Diction and Syntax
Word choice and word order
anapest
Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one, as in 'unabridged' (see foot).
tone
manner of expression or attitude in speech or writing
Italian Sonnet
Petrarchan. octave: ABBA ABBA , sestet: CDCDCD
Similes
Comparison of two unlike things using like to show unusual likeness
metonymy
type of metaphor in which something closely associated with a subject is substituted. (silver screen - movies, crown - king)
ode
verse that praises or glorifies an individual or sommemorates an event
Figurative language
Language that expresses something more than the dictionary meaning.
Simile
A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as.
Ballad Stanza
alternating lines of tetrameter and trimeter in any foot, rhyming abcb or abab
onomatopeia
words that imitate the sound it makes
Shakespearian sonnet
(English) three quatrains and a couplet
Satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
symbolism
the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.
Eye rhyme
Type of Rhyme; Depends on spelling rather than sound; words that look like they should rhyme, but do not; Example: prove/love
opera, operae, f.
pains, care; member of a gang
irony
saying the opposite of what is true EX: war is kind
Extended Metaphor
A metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
Who invented blank verse?
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey.
Narrative Poem
type of poem that tells a story
Litotes
A form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite: "He is not unfriendly."
Who wrote the cocktail hour finally arrives; dogs and boys can treat you like trash, and dogs do love trash; and when you touch down upon this earth, little reindeers?
D.A. Powell
lines
the form in which poems are written; may not be complete sentences
Refrain
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at definite intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
end
rhymes that occur at the ends of poetice lines
Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
Shakespeare
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun
Repetition
the deliberate use of any element of language more than once; repeating words or phrases for effect
Mckay Biography
-He was a poet, novelist, journalist, and activist
- He evokes the colors and rhythms of life on his native island of Jamaica
-He regarded Harlem as a spiritual Home
allusion
a reference to someone or some thing outside the poem.
Implied Metaphor
Comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated.
onomatopoeia
use of words to represent or imitate sound.
unwieldy
difficult to use or handle or manage because of size or weight or shape
concrete
the opposite of abstract and refers to a thing that actually exists or a description that allows the reader to experience an object or concept of the senses
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
the first eight lines typically rhyme while the final six may vary
ceasura
a pause or break in a line of verse
rhyme scheme
the pattern of end rhyme throughout a poem
synecdoche
figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part
Rap
a form of popular music in which words are recited to a driving rhythmic beat
Slant Rhyme
Two words that have some sound in common but not rhyme exactly
vowel rhyme
rhyming words have only their vowel in common
enjambed lines
continuing to the next line without a pause
soliloquy
as if you are listening in on a character's thoughts
Dickinson
As We went out and in Between Her final Room And Rooms where Those to be alive Tomorrow were, a Blame
English (Shakespearean) Sonnet
A sonnet probably made popular by Shakespeare with the following rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
verse
A line of metered language, a line of a poem, or any work written in verse
free verse
a poem that does NOT conatin a rhyme scheme.
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 129
Past reason hated, as a swallowed bait
Caesura
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line
Boom! and Pow!
______ and _____ are examples of an onomatopoeia
To a Mouse, Robert Burns
At me, thy poor, earth born companion
An' fellow mortal!
What is an example of a metaphor?
The goalkeeper was a rock.
william carlos williams the red wheelbarrow (1923)
so much depends on a red wheelbarrow
William carlos williams danse russe (1916)
If I when my wife is sleeping
and the baby and Kathleen
are sleeping
and the sun is a flame-white disc
in silken mists
above shining trees,--
/ 106
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