Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
impotent
powerless
joli(e)
pretty
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Allusion
Indirect reference
lines
groupings of words
iambic
short long (foot)
alliteration
repitition of consonant sounds
prithee
i beg you please
What are five meters?
Pentameter
imagery
language that emphasizes sensory impressions to help the reader see, hear, feel, smell, and taste things being described in the literary work. Imagery helps to create mental images in the reader's mind
simile
comparison using like or as
petrarchan / italian sonnet
octet and sestet
abbaabba
cdecde/cdccdc/cdecde
narrative
a poem that tells a story
Carl Sandburg
The author of "The Harbor"
onomatopoeia
use of words that imitate sounds
quatrain
poem or stanza containing four lines
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
Assonance is?
the repition of similar vowel
metonymy
a figure of speech that substitutes something closely related for the thing actually meant.
Symbol
something that means more than it is
apsotrophe
a direct address of an inamite abject
Free Verse
no regular rhythm or rhyme scheme
Personification
type of figurative language where a non-human subject is given human characteristics
diction
a writer's (or speakers) choice of words and style of expression
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds at the end or in the middle of two or more words in a line
ballad
narrative poem in four line stanza, swift action narrated in a direct style
metaphor
a direct comparison between two unlike thing (do not use "like" or "as"
Assonance
Partial rhymes from repetition of the same vowel sounds
Rhythm
The ordered or free occurrences of sound in poetry.
prosody
the study of sound and rhythm in poetry
Mood
"Me" the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage . (has to be opinion)
idiom
a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words
Tanka
A short, lyrical poem with thirty - one syllables
rhyme
____ is the repetition of the stressed and any unstressed syllables that follow
Slant Rhyme
A rhyme that requires emphasis on certain parts of a word to make it sound like another word; not a true rhyme
 
- Zoom and zoo
Repetition
Repeating of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza
dreams- langston hughes
Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.
Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.
mood poetry
The feeling that is created in a work
Pantoum
Stanza of 4 lines, each one must begin and end with same line (abab)
nasal
The term nasal is used to describe a sound in which the velum is lowered, allowing air to flow through the nasal cavity. Examples of nasal sounds are [n] as in net and [m] as in met.
internal rhyme
when a word inside a line of poetry rhymes with a word in the same line
dactylic metre
A metre that reflects the rhythm of a horse galloping - stressed, unstressed, unstressed.
Onomatopeia
is the use of a word that, through its sound as well as its sense, represents what it defines.9. Our neighbor tap-tapped at the door.10. The bees buzzed around the flower.11. The snake slithered and hissed across the sand.
Group of lines that form a "paragraph" in poem.
What is a stanza?
Why does the wind go from whispering to screaming in the Wind Cries Mary?
The level of emotionsl upset rises when he realizes "Mary" is never coming back
languid
sluggish
bon(ne)
good
analogy
extended metaphor
off rhyme
stanzas
groupings of lines
spondaic
long long (foot)
meter
a pattern of rhythm
fie!
for shame! damn it!
What are three meters?
Trimeter
speaker
the voice of the poem
dennotation
Dictionary meaning(s) of a word
Denotation
dictionary meaning of a word
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
connotation
all the meaning, associations, or emotions that have come to be attached to a word
watercress
a plant that grows in freshwater
stanza
group of lines in a poem
Paradox:
situation or phrase which conatins truth nonetheless "when the man became blind he began to see"
enjambment
when poets do not use conventional line breaks
Structure
the arrangement of materials within a work
Blank Verse
Unrhythmic poetry within in iambic pantameter (has five pairs of syllables)
Onomotopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
ode
long poem in stanzas of varried composher, ussualy a serious
oxymoron
a short paradox, usually consisting of an adjective and noun with conflicting meanings
Trochee
An accented syllable followed by an unaccented one, as in FOOT-ball.
Anachronism- Define
Something Not In Its Correct Historical Time
extended metaphor
when a metaphor is dragged throughout a poem
Petrarchan Sonnet rhyme scheme
abba abba cdecde (or cdcdcd)
scanning
examination of a line of poetry to determine the number and type of feet
synecdoche
when using the part of something to indicate the whole (let me give you hand, to let me give you help)
Refrain
a line or phrase that is repeated usually at the end of each stanza
Casey's ___ was his arrogance that led him to striking out.
Tragic flaw
a caution to everybody-ogden nash
Consider the auk;
Becoming extinct because he forgot how to fly, and could only walk.
Consider man, who may well become extinct
Because he forgot how to walk and learned how to fly before he thinked.
Inverted Sentence
When a sentence does not start with the subject. (down the street lived Jim)
glide
The term glide is used to describe a sound which is articulated with very little constriction of the vocal tract. There is no contact between the articulator and the vocal tract. Examples of glides in English are as in yell and as in well.
end rhyme
the last word of a line rhymes with the last word of another line
terza rima
a type of poetry consisting of 10- or 11- syllable lines arranged in three-line stanzas with the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc, etc.
Is there significance to how the author of "You're" structured the poem?
There are nine lines in each stanzas (nine months of pregnancy) and some say the poem is shaped like a baby
poised
dignified
appassionato
with passion
Associate
connect in thought
corral
enclosure for horses
Poetic Sound Devices:
Euphony
Dulce et Decorum Est
Owen
Understatement
saying less than one means
paradox
statement that is self-contradictory, but underlines some truth
Connotations
Associations and implications that go beyond a word's literal meanings. Derive from how the wrod has been used and associtions of people with it. Ex- Bird represents fragility and vulnerabliltity, as well as freedom and the sky.
Tore
The writters attitude toward their subject
Complication
An intensification of the conflict in a story or play
perfect rhyme
Rhymes involving sound that are exactly the same (ex: love, dove)
Haiku
3 Unrhymed lines of 5,7,5 syllables. Mostly about nature. Japense
Anaphora
repetition of words at the beginning of lines
Trochaic
a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
synaesthesia
A rhetorical trope involving shifts in imagery. It involves taking one type of sensory input (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste) and comingling it with another separate sense in an impossible way.
Parallelism
The repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that restate a similar idea.
Scansion
The analysis of verse to show its meter.
Villanelle
A nineteen line poem divided into five tercets and a final quatrain
Tetrameter
four metrical feet per line of the poem
Double Rhyme
Is a two-syllable rhyme (fighting & biting, water & daughter)
Didactic Poetry
poetry designed to teach an ethical, moral, or religious lesson.
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something non-human as if it were present
poetry
the work of a poet; a composition of words expressing facts, thought, or feelings, in a poetic form; a "word picture"
approximate rhyme
is words that repeat some sounds but are not exact echoes
Run on line
a line that has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line
A comparison of two unlike objects by means of words (like, as, as if, than, so)
Figures of Speech:
Jabberwocky, by Lewis Carroll
What is the name and author of the poem on page 15 in our poetry book?
prufrock
t.s. elliot
pentameter
5 metrical feet
isle of innisfree
yeats
Quintet/Quintain
A five-line stanza
quintain
stanza of 5 lines
in the desert
stephen crane
Tercet/Triplet
Three line rhyme scheme
devices
rhyme, alliteration, repetition, allusion, onomatopoeia
Anapestic
˘˘´ (unstressed, unstressed, stressed)
Mother to Son
Langston Hughes
dialect
a regional variety of language
Narrator
The person telling the story
cacophony
rough sounds, harsh discordancy, loud "The whipping" as she is whipping the boy.
prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
Lyric
a short poem of songlike quality
Examination at the wamb-door Pg. 1126
Hughes.
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
Raleigh
foot
Each unit of stress and unstressed syllables in meter
Verbal Irony
the speaker means something different from what he says; this irony is a result of using words ambiguously.
Limerick
A five-lined poem, which usually tells the story of a character from a particular place and has a distinctive rhythm and an aabba rhyme scheme
feminine rhyme
two or more syllables rhyme: spitefully, delightful
sarcasm
saying something and meaning the exact opposite, verbal irony
paraphrase
in prose, a restaement in different words, usually brifer than the original version
rythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
Sap
a watery source of nutrients that flows through a plant's circulatory system
genre
refers to a type of literature specific to its style, form, or content
irony
the mountain climber was afraid of heights
didactic
aims to teach some religious, moral, political or practical lesson
Women
2 tiles. Talking about what women should be. May Swenson. Ode
forelock
n lock of hair above the forehead
elision
the omission of a sound or syllable when speaking (examples here)
Incandescent (adj)
emitting light as a consequence of being heated to a high temperature
Sestina
A 39-lined poem with six stanzas and final three-lined envoi (summary), in which the six words in each stanza are repeated in a set pattern but a changing order
echo
strong endings such as echoing a poems lead in its conclsion.
metaphore
a figure of speech that makes an imaginative comparison between two literally unlike things
sonnet
love poem, not written to someone you already had a relationship with
Elegy
A poem of lament, mediating on the death of an individual
Ex. John Milton "Lycidas"
50. Ballad
Traditionally, a ballad is a song, transmitted orally from generation to generation, that tells a story and that eventually is written down. As such, ballads usually cannot be traced to a particular author or group or authors. Typically, ballads are dramatic, condensed, and impersonal narratives
dactyl
a metrical foot of three syllables one long followed by two short
Annotation
a critical or explanatory note or body of notes added to a text
sestet
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
Dactylic Foot
Three syllables with the stress on the first syllable
Synonyms
a word that means the same as another word
image
a word or series of words that evokes a sensory experience (usually but not always visual)
petrarchan sonnet
an octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes
internal rhyme(sound device)
occurs when rhyming words appear in the same line
fixed form
any form of poem in which the length and pattern are prescribed by previous usage or tradition
iambic pentameter
line of poetry made up of five iambs, a metrical foot made up of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Visual Poetry
a type of art in which the visual arrangment of text images and symbols is important
what is a summary of "casey at the bat?"
casey is a big-shot baseball player and, ironically, he strikes out
abash
embarass
Line
...
visual imagery
sight
conceite
extended metaphor
apanest
two unstressed, stressed
Anon
Sir Patrick Spens
Dimeter
two feet per line
besets
attacks on all sides
tone
how the author feels
litotes
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
Stress
spoken emphasis on a syllable
Renaissance
a rebirth/revival; the humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy 14th century and spread throughout Europe
lamb
a metrical foot in poetry
heroic couplet
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc (thought is usually completed in the two lines)
Theme
the concept (often abstract) explored in a literary work (the main idea)
Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story
Inference
Drawing a conclusion based on facts
lyric poem
emotional or song-like quality expressing personal mood, feeling, or mediation of a single speaker
Epic
A long story thats usually poetry
iamb
unstressed followed by a stressed syllable
Literal
Using words exactly and according it its true meaning.
implied metaphor
suggests a comparison without using "is" (ex. my love blossoms over time)
figurative language
language that is used imaginatively instead of literally and includes one or more figures of speech
Pun
Two vultures boarded a plane, each carrying two dead raccoons. The stewardess stops them and says, "Sorry sir, only one carrion per passenger."
Browning
took a break from poetry from 13-20
cinquaine
a diamond shaped poem with a structure of five lines
dramatic poetry
ppoetry that uses the techneques of drama
Verse
a collection of lines that follow a regular, rhythmic pattern
Periodic sentence
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The effect is to add emphasis and structural variety.
Carpe diem poetry
poetry that emphasizes the shortness of life and the need to act in or enjoy the present
idyll
a poetic genre that is short and possesses marked descriptive, narrative, and pastoral qualities, with the point of view of a civilized and artificial society glancing from a drawing-room window over green meadows, or of the weekend farm viewed through a picture window.
rhythms
a way of measuring meter, the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
end stop
a line break that coincides with the end of a sentence.
Cacophony or dissonance
language which seems harsh, rough, and unmusical
Heard rhythm
the actual rhythm of a metrical poem as we hear it when it is read naturally. mostly conforms to but sometime departs from or modifies the expected rhythm.
John Donne, A Valediction: Of Weeping
Let not the wind
masculine rhyme
one syllable of a word rhymes with another word or last syllable in that word
form
way a poem is laid out on the page
Falling Meter
Refers to the material feet that move from stressed to unstressed sounds, such as the trochaic foot and the dactylic foot.
parable
a story with a moral used to teach a lesson
shape poem
words are arranged in a way to take the shape of an object
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story by telling a series of events
Rhythm (based on sound)
A musical quality by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
Our lingering parents, an to the eastern gate
Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast
Ode to the West Wind, Percy Bysshe Shelley
The trumpet of a prophecy! O Wind,
If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?
T
titles
surreptitious
secretive
Cincquain
fine lines
Onomatopeoia
sound words
John McCrae
Canada
omniscient
all power
Progeny
(n) Descendants, children
William Blake
The Tyger
Anapodoton
Deliberate sentence fragment
Dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
type of metric foot
foreshadow
to show/ indicate beforehand
A Red, Red Rose
Burns
Carpe Diem
seize the day
trimeter
verse written in three-foot lines
internal rime
rimes within the line
anapest
metrical foot that consists of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed
euphemism
the substitution of a mild and pleasant expression for a harsh and blunt one (ex. "to pass away" instead of "to die")
epic simile
a detailed, often complex poetic comparison that unfolds over the course of several lines
closed
poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern
Octave
a stanza of eight lines/the first eight lines of an Italian sonnet
conceit
an extended metaphor in which the comparison is made several times in different ways
Dramatic irony
We know what the characters dont
Repetiton
Repeating of words or sounds or letters.
abstract diction
words that express ideas or concepts
epitaph
a commemorative inscription on a tomb about the person buried at that site; a brief poem or other writing in praise of a deceased person
Concrete Poetry
shape poems; 1950's; est. in Brazil; John Hollander "types of shape"
acrostic
verse in which certain letters such as the first in each line form a word or message
seset
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
HOW DOES THE SPEAKER FEEL WHEN HE REMEMBERS THE DAFFODILS WITH AN INWARD EYE
BLISSFUL
25. Parallelism
- phrases, clasuses, or sentences that are similar in structure or meaning
eye-rhyme
A rhyme consisting of words, such as lint and pint, with similar spellings but different sounds.
height : weight
sew : blew, hew, new, crew, dew, few
come : home
Larkin-The Trees
-The trees are coming into leaf =like something almost being said
About trees and their life cycle
similr to Tennyson's poem
chiasmus
Archaisms
words that are no longer in use, and that the reader does notunderstand
Feminine Rime
is a rime of two or more syallbles with stress on a syllable other than the last. TUR-tle FER-tile. Intellectual and henpecked you all
voice/ speaker
the one who speaks, or the point- of- view from which a poem is being presented
Caesura
A natural break or pause in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line, and usually marked by punctuation.
figure of speech
any way of saying something other than the ordinary way.
end-stopped line
a poetic line that has a pause at the end; reflect normal speech patterns and are often marked by punctuation; the natural pause coincides with the end of the line and is marked by a period
petrarchan sonnet (italian sonnet)
this is divided into two parts, the eight-line octave and the six-line sestet. The octave rhymes abba abba, while the sestet rhymes cde cde. The octave raises a question, states a problem, or presents a brief narrative, and the sestet answers the question or solves the problem.
rules of a cinquain
line 1 - one word of two syllables (maybe be the title)
line 2 - four syllables ( describing the title or subject)
line 3 - six syllables ( showing action )
line 4 - eight syllables (expressing feeling or observation about the subject )
line 5 - two syllables ( describing or renaming the subject )
"How sweet it is to die for one's country"
What does "Dulce et Decorum Est" mean?
auditory
sound
To Spring
Blake
sonnet 10
donne
to throw, toss
echar
epithet
a descriptive nickname
wrought
shaped by hammering
The Raven
Edgar Allan Poe
anapest(ic) foot
u u /
Hopkins
died of typhoid fever
dramatic
poetry, monologue, or dialogue, written in the voice of the character assumed by the poet
Scansion/Scanning
Finding/labeling rhyme scheme and meter
point of view
perspective of speaker
pentameter five feet per line
...
Forming opinions
A strategy for understanding poetry
walt whitman
who wrote "o captain! my captain!"
stream-of-consciousness
thought regarded as a succession of ideas and images constantly moving forward in time
satire
ridiule of human folly or vice; applied to written literature rather than speech
Keats
on first looking into chapman's homer (young Keats travels around the world in books, tells of the places he's been)
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode to a Grecian Urn
Ode to Autumn (dominance of long extended sounds give full rolling feeling)
lyric poetry
poetry that expresses a speaker's emotions or thoughts and does not tell a story
Italian Sonnet (Petrarchan)
structure: fourteen lines, iambic pentameter
octave and sestet
rhyme scheme: abbaabbacdcdcd or abbaabbacdecde Often a question is raised in the octave and answered in the sestet.
Author of "To His Coy Mistress"
Andrew Marvell
thistle
(n) any of various prickly plants related to the daisies having showy heads of tubular flowers
Lyric Poetry
originally comprised brief poems that were meant to be sung orchanted to the accompaniment of a lyre
symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
exact rhymes
share the same stressed vowel sounds as well as sharing sounds that follow the noun
ballad stanza
a quatrain consisting of alternating 8 and 6 syllable lines
Italian Sonnet
Strictly, a sonnet with octave rhyming abbaabba, followed by a sestet rhyming cdecde. There are many modifications of this rhyme scheme, especially in the sestet.
estribillo
verso o grupo de versos que se repiten
exact rhyme
share the same stressed vowel sounds as well as sharing sounds that follow the vowel
asonance
repetition of vowel sound in a close group
general English
most literate speech and writing, more studied than colloquial but not pretentious
A line of poetry that has seven metrical feet.
Heptameter
Laureen Mar
author of "My Mother, Who Came from China, Where She Never Saw Snow"
personifiction
a special kind of metaphor in witch a nonliving thing is given human qualities
stanzaic pattern
the poem consists of a series of stanzas, usually of the same length. It includes a regular rhyme, and a rhyme scheme
("stopping by the woods on a snowy day" "she dewlt amoung the untrodden ways")
prose poetry
any or all features of a lyric, set out on the page for the eye, detect musical cadences
dramatic situation
who is speaking to whom and under what circumstances?
Hard consonants
the velar sound. For the letter c, the hard sound is that of k (the unvoiced velar) as in 'can'; a hard g has the sound heard in 'get' and 'girl', the voiced velar
The pattern of rhyme in a poem, AABB, ABAB
Rhyme Scheme
dramatic song
a poem found in a play that serves to establish mood, reveal character, or advance action
The Little Black Boy, William Blake
For when our souls have learned the heat to bear
The cloud will vanish, we shall hear his voice
/ 288
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