Poetry Terms Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Hyperbole
...
2 lines
couplet
meter
rhythmical pattern
octave
eight lines
Italian Sonnet
...
idiom
cliche; overused phrase
Onomatopoeia
Buzz, sqeak etc.
lyric poetry
poetic songs
jiménez
vino, primero, pura
1881-1958
españa
near rhyme
imperfect rhyme
metaphor
comparing two dissimilar things
end rhyme
rhymes on end
Edwin Arlington Robinson
Richard Cory
Donne
A valediction: forbidding mourning
didactic
teaching a moral lesson
Pun
a play on words
Septet:)
a 7 line stanza:)
iamb
unaccented syllable, accented syllable
Simile
comparison using like or as
stanza
a verse in a poem
imagery
pictures and sensations conveyed through language
speaker
the narrator of a poem
sonnet
normally a fourteen-line iambin pentameter poem. It usually presents a dilemma and then solves it.
William Carlos Williams
The Red Wheelbarrow
parallelism
the repetitions of syntactical similarities in passages closely connected for rhetorical effect
Quatrain
Four lines of related poetry
Allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
tone
writer or speaker's attitude towards subject
Repetition
The repeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas.
Personification
Giving inanimate objects or ideas human characteristics
symbol
something that stands for something else
personifictation
giving human qualities to something not human
i too, mother to son
langston hugh
figurative meaning
associative or connotative meaning; representational
Line
words on the same horizontal line
cinquain
five line poem containing 2 syllables
Poetry
A suggestive composition that creates images in a readers mid. Putting words together in a Stanza that help the reader create.
heptameter
verse written in 7 foot lines
Elegy
a poem written in elegiac meter
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
Foot
usually contains one stressed syllable and at least one unstressed syllable.
vivacity
characterized by high spirits and animation
theme
a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic:
Didactic Poetry
Poetry intended to teach a lesson.
Apostrophe
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
blank verse
Poetry written without rhymes, but which retains a set metrical pattern, usually iambic pentameter (five iambic feet per line) in English verse.
assonance
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose
enjambment
the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction of a line on to the next line or stanza (no end punctuation)
simle
comparing two or more things using like or as
poetic diction
especially lofty and elevated language characterisitc of poetry written before the 19th century
Paraphrase
putting a poem into your own words
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested
Verse
a lane of traditional poetry written in verse
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry with the same meter that end in a perfect rhyme
play (drama)
dramatic work performed by actors; several acts
Diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words.
Cleaver
Heavy cutting tool with a broad blade
Description
a statement, picture in words, or account that describes; descriptive representation.
farce
a type of comedy characterized by broad humor
conceit
a kind of developed metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things
Triplet
group of three lines with similar end-rime
prose poem
is a compact and rhythmic composition written in the form of a paragraph. Uses vivid figures of speech
Analogy
A comparison of one or more things, based on only certain asspects.
rhyme scheme
the regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; this is indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme
lyric poem
a highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. an ode is a lyric poem that celebrates something, pays to tribute it
vehicle
-the "thing" the poet brings in from his imagination to compare to the tenor
Rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)
Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet
Italian meter, octave and sestet. ABBAABBA CDECDE (written for laura)
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
Stanza
feminine ending
A line ending with an unstressed syllable.
scansion
the analysis and graphic display of a line's rythem preformed by scanning the lines to determine its metrical categorization.
prose
a poem that has more grammatical or longer sentences and/or more of a narrative.
Refrain
Repetition of one or more phrases or line at intervals in a poem
similie
a comparison using like, as, than, or resemble; Example: notes dance across the page like stars twinkle in the night sky
Mood
the feeling you are left with after reading something. Ex. Stephen King - scared/eerie.
rilke
believed that to really live, one must shed his husk
internal rhyme
rhyming words found within the same poetic line
alexandrine
A line of poetry that has 12 syllables.
Clerihew
a goofy quatrain poem about a person, using an aabb rhyme scheme with a first line ending in the person's name.
Forced Rhyme
words that don't rhyme but the letter are similar so they sound like they rhyme
form
the way the context of the poem is displayed (how it looks on paper)
Free Verse
Poetry that has no set meter or patterns of rhyme.
rhythm
the beat of words which gives poetry a musical quality
Understatement
a form of speech in which a lesser expression is used than what would be expected
end-stopped
a grammatical stop at the end of the line (any form of punctuation; grammatical closure)
In the casket displayed on satin she lay
with the undertaker's cosmetics painted on,
a turned-up putty nose,
dressed in a pink and white nightie.
Doesn't she look pretty? everyone said.
Consummation at last.
To every woman a happy ending.
barbie doll
Caesura
an audible pause that breaks up a line or verse
Villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in five three-line stanzas and a concluding four line stanza. Only two rhymes are employed in the entire length
figures of speech
ways of using language that deviate from the literal, denotative meanings of words in order to suggest additional meanings or effects. figures of speech say one thing in terms of something else, such as when an eager funeral director is described as a vulture.
narrative poetry
poetry whose main function is to tell a story. Like fiction, narrative poems have plots, characters, setting and a point of view.
Universal Theme
a message about life that can be understood by most cultures
Figurative Language
writing or speech not meant to be understood exactly as it is written. examples: metaphor, simile, personification
fixed form
referring to the structure of a poem's lines and groupings
didactic poem
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson. The distinction between didactic poetry and non-didactic poetry is difficult to make and usually involves a subjective judgement of the author's purpose on the part of the critic or the reader. Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism is a good example of didactic poetry.
I saw my dog towards a tree,It scared the birds be
Rhyme
Thomas Nashe, Adieu, Farewell Earth's Bliss
I am sick, I must die.
apple; posion
what does the foe steal and why is it bad
made up character of a bunch of ppl in Wordsworths life
who is Lucy
What did Robert Frost do for the first time?
He read a poem at the presidential inauguration of JFK in 1961.
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