poetry terms to know Flashcards

Terms Definitions
unstressed, stressed
3rd condition
repeating something
narrative song.
6 line stanza
Jazz Fantasia
Carl Sandburg
the resulting state
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
refers to something else
seven feet per line
narrative poetry
tells a story
n. the end; death
internal rhyme
within lines or passages
the exact opposite, oposing concepts
figurative language comparing 2 things
the act of adding notes
repetition of similar vowel sounds.
comparison using like or as
The repetition of consonant sounds
John Keats
Eve of St. Agnes
repetition of the same initial consonant sound of words in a line or lines of poetry
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
number of feet in a line
quote at begining of book/chapter/poem from another author offering theme or inspiration
rewording for the purpose of clarification
Giving human traits to nonhuman objects
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
brief, personal poem that is especially musical and filled with emotions
epic conventions
divine interventions, the hero's descent into the underworld, ritual combat between warriors
a semi consonant sound produced without friction and is capable of being sounded continuously in the manner of a vowel or at least made until the lungs exhaust their supply of air "R' "L"
a metrical line containing eight feet
a descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader
Informal language, local or regional dialect
Resulting from extreme cruelty or neglect
repetition in literature of one or more lines at regular intervals; sometimes called the chorus
a division or type of literature. Literature is commonly divided into three major genres: drama, poetry, and prose. Each major genre is in turn divied into smaller genres.
who wrote a poem for abraham lincoln
substituting an attribute of a thing for the thing itself "step on the gas"
who wrote "o captain! my captain!"?
walt whitman
Who is speaking? How are they speaking?
repitition of vowel sounds within a word
long narrative poem on a serious subject chronicling heroic deeds and important events
a movement in American and English poetry begun in 1912 by the American poet Ezra Pound
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
manner of expression in speech or writing; implied emotional attitude
2 lines of verse joined by rhyme.
using something specific to stand for something else, especially and idea
A representation of anything we can see, hear, taste, touch, or smell.
27. Tone
The author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.
saying less than one means, for effect
Central idea of a work of literature
free verse
only unrhyming verse usually consists of lines of iamic pentameter
example of synecdoche
describing a car as wheels
to look at something carefully by attention to its parts
adj. notably polite or polished in manner
a figure of speech in which some exaggeration is used in the service of truth
A pause within a line of verse, sometimes w/o punctuation
which poet used a fake identity which was phin
the process of marking lines of poetry to determine the meter; that is, marking the accented and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the most common type of foot, and noting significant variations from that pattern
nineteen line poem with only two rhyme sounds. Lines 1 and 3 repeat according to a set pattern
with strong endings such as echoing a poems lead in its conclusion
concrete poem
has a shape representative of the subject
an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
Mixed metaphor
The inconsistent mixture of two or more metaphors; a common problem in bad writing, and they can often be unintentionally funny
Examples: Put it on the back burner and let it germinate; that's a very hard blow to swallow; let's set sail and get this show on the road
Slant rhyme
Words that have similar endings, but not exact rhyme.
formal lyric poem written in honor of one who has died.
Lyric poem
a poem that expresses the poet's thoughts and strong feelings about a topic through vivid images and musical language
Lyric Poetry
brief poems in which the speakers share personal thoughts and feelings on a subject
Falling acting
The conflict begins to be wrapped up
a poem intended to honor or praise someone or something
sound of the work imitates or suggests the meaning of the word
run-on line
a line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the suceeding line
which poet was in love with a professor who dumped her and she went into depression
emily dickinson
- The use of language that sounds like what it means.
the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning
petrarchan octave
initial 8 line unit in a a sonnet
Dead metaphor
a metaphor that has become so overused that we no longer realize that is a figure of speech—we simply skip over the metaphorical connection it makes.
Perfect Rhyme
rhyming of two words where they both have consonant and vowel sounds that math to create the rhyme
Terza Rima
A poem consisting of triplets with the following chain rhyme pattern: a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c etc
A foot consists of a certain number of syllables forming part of a line of verse. A foot is described by the character and number of syllables it contains
italian/petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
A writer of it uses images to create a single, vivid picture; usually a scene from nature
clues to make a hint of what the might be talking about
End-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
ballad poem
a poem that tells a story similar to a folktale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story and has a plot.
Sherman Alexie
a clasp
collumba, collumbae f.
3 line stanze
Slow, pause, stop
an eight-line stanza.-39
a four line stanza
a long narrow opening
dormio, dormire, dormivi, dormitum
Celebrates rural, natural life.
lack of rhyme
Free verse
As paragraphs keep info. together.
changing rhythm which gives meaning
written by a known author
a metrical line with three feet
pleasing or sweet sound; especially: the acoustic effect produced by words so formed or combined as to please the ear
an ordinary object to signify something/a meaning; a symbol represents itself and something 'bigger'
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life,
or of a principle or accepted general truth. Also called maxim, epigram.
short paradox consisting of an adjective and a noun with conflicting meaning
a verse line having six metrical feet
a line whose sense and rhythmic movement continues to the next line
Run on sentence that continues going across lines
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the word "like" or "as".
tone shift
a change in tone or subject
Over used expressions that lose their meaning. Often are similes or metaphors.
a foot consisting of two stressed syllables ("dead set"), but is not a sustained metrical foot and is used mainly for variety or emphasis
A way of addressing someone or something invisible or not ordinarily spoken to (a dead person, inanimate object, abstract thing, spirit).
a statement that seems impossible at first but actually makes sense in its context
Repetition of like sounds at regular intervals
verbal irony
saying opposite of what one means
exact rhyme
perfect rhyme like cat/mat or verging/merging
Rhyme scheme
Pattern of rhymes in a poem
(sin-eck-da-key) a form of a metaphor in which a part of something is used to stand for the whole thing
change in consonant and/or vowel sound expected of perfect rhyme
Rising Meter
Term used to describe end-stressed meters such as iambic and anapestic - as opposed to falling meter.
the emotional quality or atmosphere of a story or poem
figure of speech in which someone absent, dead, or nonhuman is adressed as if it would answer you
Poets and writers that represented a strong movement in america to go beyond white middle class conformity
extended metaphor
an implied analogy, or comparison, which is carried throughout a stanza or an entire poem.
saying the oppsite of what is true (ex: war is kind)
prose poetry
a prose work that has poetic characteristics such as vivid imagery and concentrated expression
Epic Poetry
poetry celebrating the deeds of some hero
a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
extended simile
A simile that is developed over several lines of writing.
To examine in order to suppress or delete anything thought to be harmful or dangerous
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
to prolong the existence of; cause to be remembered; cause to continue or prevail
a section or division of a long poem
The repetetion of sounds at the ends of words. Adds a song-like quality to poetry
sensory words
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the five sense; touch, taste,sight,sound, smell
or play on words. Puns remind us of another word (or other words) of similar or identical sound but ovf very different denotation.
figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be taken litterally
the omission of the last syllable in a line
James Russell Lowell
Wrote the poem "First Snowfall" about the first snowfall of the year and he envisions it falling on his dead daughter's grave.
implied metaphor
the literal term is named and the figurative term is implied
rhyme royal
A type of poetry consisting of stanzas of seven lines in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme ababbcc.
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 20
And by addition me of thee defeated,
" I am " Poetry
an autobiographical poem that follows a specific format
Triple Rhyme
last three syllables of a word or line rhyme (quivering and shivering)
physical elements of form
the look on the page (stanza {quatrain, tercet, etc...} rhyme scheme {rhyming couplet, abcb..} no rhyme {blank verse} length of lines, number of lines
End Stopped Line
a line of poetry that ends with a pause, usually with punctuation
How were Lewis Carrol's works characterized?
They were characterized by a mixture of fantasy, realism, satire, absurdity, and logic.
"Rock from New England quarried; Now granite in a granite hill."~what does it mean?
the speaker's born in New England and had New England values instilled in her- to include her courage; now she is buried there, returned to her place of birth
a building
7 lines
having spots; spotted
in deep thought
Organic Imagery
Internal sensation
Jenny Joseph
author of "Warning"
voice of a poem
One stressed....two unstressed; holiday
Sir Philip Sidney
Penelope (Stella)
the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman beings
Hazel Tells Laverne
Katharyn Howd Machan
The Destruction of Sennacherib
Lord Byron
Robert Frost
Nothing Gold Can Stay
sounds,words,phrases,or lines that are stated or used more than once.
Twas the Night Before Christmas
anapestic tetrameter
a recurring symbol of ambiguous meaning throughout a work
something that means something other than what it says.ex)its raining cats and dogs
(n) old fashioned form of you
a mixing of senses (a blue smell)
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
A story in which everything represents something else
kind of metaphor that makes a comparision between two startlingly different things (etended metaphor)
William Shakespeare
English playwright and poet considered to be the greatest dramatist ever as well as the finest poet who wrote in the English language. His works are so celebrated and impressive that his plays and sonnets are required reading in high schools and colleges around the world.
Shakespearean sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
written in verse; has a ryhtimic arrangement of syllables
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
Sight Rhyme
Rhyming that occurs through the similarity of the spelling of words, rather than their sounds
is the literal meaining of the word
short secular songs for three or more voices arranged in counterpointm enjoyed great popularity. A madrigal is always short, usually just one stanza, and rarely exceeds 12 or 13 lines.
gary soto
which author recreated the sights and sounds of the mexican-american neighborhood that he grew up in; advises young writers to "look to their own lives for inspiration"?
words spoken by a character to the audience or another character that are not suppose to be heard by the rest of the characters on stage
a tercet in iambic pentameter, with a sequence of rhymes that crosses from one stanza to the next, binding them together
rhymed verse
verse with end rhyme and regular meter
ballad meter
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
End Rhyme
the repitition of identical sounds at the end of succesive lines. Ex: A long time ago I told mother/I was leaving home to find another. (mother/another)
words that don't mean the same thing that they use to
The old woman across the way is whipping the boy again and shouting to the neighborhood her goodness and his wrongs.
three line poem. Lines one and five each have 5 syllables. Line two has 7 syllables.
-when midnight comes a host of dogs and men
-and leaves his hold and crackles, groans and dies
the badger is bated and ostracized for sport
he fights until his death
to look upon or treat with contempt; despise; scorn.
a poem about dawn, lovers at dawn, or lovers parting at dawn
the vowel sound of two or more words is the same, but the initial consonant.
approximate/slant/half rhyme
words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but do not actually rhyme
pause (caesura)
a sudden break in a line of poetry
an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
15 lines, 9 and 15 are short refrains, only has two rhymes
is a word that imitates the sound it represents
The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables.
Feminine Rhyme
Is a rhyme that matches two or more syllables at the end of the respective lines (painted, passion, acquainted, fashion)
a group of words on one line of a poem
the use of the same word or phrase at the beginning of several successive clauses, sentences, lines, or verses, usually for emphasis or rhetorical effect
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 104
In process of the seasons have I seen,
Stanza (or verse)
a group of lines that share a common pattern of meter, length, rhyme, and/or theme, subject matter, etc.. Common examples are couplets, triplets or tercets (three lines), and quatrains (four lines, the most popular), but some can be much longer
Echoes of PL in Book 1, Line 108-109
overcoming opposition and glory: echoed in Tennyson's Ulysses. Like Satan in PL, as Satan defies God, Ulysses defies death. His men are "made weak by time" but their will is strong
" A broom is drearily sweeping up the broken pieces of yesterday's life" symbolizes what in the wind cries mary?
all of his life has been shattered
sentence patterns
to tear
Syn- spender
"Southeast Corner"
5 metrical feet
time and place/circumstances
a christmas carol
Stressed, unstressed, unstressed
"Factory Girl"
Rolling Stones, ode
complete happiness and joy
"Paul Revere's Ride"'s author
metrical unit of poetry
a guess based upon evidence
metrical writing distinguished from poetry especially by its lower level of intensity
ordinary form of written language
represents thing by the imitating sound it makes
Concrete poetry
Poetry where lines form pictures
a poem whose only defining characteristic is its single rhyme
(adj) Serving no useful purpose, ineffective
Harsh and inharmonious sounds, a marked breaking of the music of poetry"
contrast to "euphony": pleasing sounds
tone, theme, dramatic situation
aspects of poetry
a hymn of praise or joy
fusion of two or more words
verse written in 4 foot lines
tactile imagery
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch
the two subjects remain separate where in a metaphor the subjects remain united
wrenched accent
An alteration in the customary pronunciation of a word—that is, a shift in word accent—to accommodate the demands of metrical accent
using one sense to describe another sense
William wordsworth
I wandered lonely as a cloud
Design- Frost
Italian Sonnet. nature's design is cruel
a short story or account used to illustrate a point
metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured
Limerick Poem
humorous verse, 5 lines, aabba rhyme scheme
The _______ of a word is its dictionary meaning, independent of other associations that the word may have.
eye rhyme
- rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation. Examples include "watch" and "match," and "love" and "move."
petrarchan sonnet
usually deals with the theme of love.
the repeating of a sound word or phrase or more in a given literary term
England hath need of thee . . ..
didactic poem
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson. The distinction between didactic poetry and non-didactic poetry is difficult to make and usually involves a subjective judgement of the author's purpose on the part of the critic or the reader. Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism is a good example of didactic poetry.
rhyming couplet
are a pair of rhyming lines that usually have the same meter and length
Iambic meter
an iambic foot, which consists of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
slant/ near/ off rhyme
contains hints of sound repetition; chill, dull
blank verse poetry
Written in line of iambic pentameter, does not use end rhyme
A Supermarket In California- Ginsberg
enjambments and end-stops. about Whitman. sexuality. whitman see the good. where is it? society has forgotten
Free Verse of Poetry
poetry that does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.
-Does NOT have rhyme.
-Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.
-A more modern type of poetry.
dramatic irony
known by the readers, but not by the characters
Iambic Pentameter
a common meter in poetry that is made up of 5 "feet," with each "foot" consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (e.g., "That TIME / of YEAR / thou MAYEST / in ME / beHOLD") (The feet are separated by forward slashes here.)
Dramatic Monologue
A type of lyric poem in which a character (the speaker) addresses a distinct but silent audience imagined to be present in the poem in such a way as to reveal a dramatic situation, and often unintentionally, some aspect of his or her own temperament or personality.
my last duchess
showing a portrait of his wife that he killed to the father. showed him to impress him with superficial beauty. ironic beacuse he wants to impress him but he comes off as arrogant.
The five functions of a character
First - Representing different people or positions in a society
Second - Representing particular viewpoints about an issue
Third - Causing conflict or complications in the life of the protagonist or antagonist
Fourth - Presenting the author's beliefs or positions on an issue
Fifth - Presenting an author's attempts to gain your sympathy for a particular position or type of person
It is a Beauteous Evening, William Wordsworth
Thy nature is not therefore less divine:
Thou liest in Abraham's bosom all the year,
in i know why the cage bird sings what does it mean that the caged bird "seldom see through his bars of rage"?
That the anger of not having freedom is blinding the bird (slave)
/ 263

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