Poetry Terms- English Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dale
valley
hyperbole
An exaggeration
bough
tree branch
meter
regular rythmic pattern
Rhythm
pace of poem
Mending Wall
Robert Frost
imperfect rhyme (love/move)
eye rhyme
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
alliteration
repitition of consinant sound
denotation
basic definition of a word
prosody
the study of poetic meter
tone
general feelings in a poem
stressed syllable
accented or long syllable
form
the physical structure of a poem
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds, followed by different consonant
chiasmus
An inverted parallelism; the reversal of the order of corresponding words or phrases
imagery
The representation through language of sense experience.
poetry
the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.
plashless
word invented by Emily Dickinson for use in the last line of her poem
caesura
a grammatical pause partway through a line.
figure of speech which compares 2 unlike things/constructs an analogy
metaphor/simile
Parody
A humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work
Metaphysical Poetry
17th century British
John Donne
-"The Flea"
inventive use of metaphor
what is there?
What is it like?
Iambic Pentameter
Ideal pattern of accented and un-accented syallables in a poem.
dialect
language that is particular to a specific region or group of people
the woman with whom romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play
rosaline
Simile
a DIRECT comparison of two unlike things. Similies use "like" "as" "as if"
personification
giving human qualities to an object, animal or idea
free verse
lines arranged in no fixed metrical pattern and usually unrhymed
Connotation
What a word suggests beyond its basic dictionary definition; a word's overtones of meaning
metonymy
a figure of speech where something is substituted for something similar
v. to recoil, back up quickly, cower
Define 'shy'
couplet
2 consecutive line of poetry that have the same rhyme scheme
Symbol
A person object image or word that evokes additional meaning beyong its literal signifigance
figurative languagemetonymy
using something that is not physically part of what is being spoken about to represent itie. "rise to the throne"; "pen mighter than the sword"
Apostrophe
Figure of speech in which a thing, an abstract quality, or an absent or imaginary person is addressed as if present and able to understand
3 quatrains follwed by a rhyming couple. Usually the rhyme scheme is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. If the last 2 lines rhyme is usually this type of sonnet
Shakesperean/ Elizabethan Sonnet
symbolism
the use of symbols to embed meaning in a piece of writing beneath the literal meaning.
sestet
a six line unit of verse consitutijn a stanza
Point of View 2
Outside narrator comments on ALL characters
First Person
Narrator uses I and we rather than he, she, they. Most often the narrator is a protagonist or one of the major characters. Sometimes the narrator may be an observer and a participant in the story.
Fire and Ice
Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.
What are the organizing principles of OPEN FORM POETRY?
enumeration: list-like,repetition of common themes: self, wandering- unexpected value of common things- kinesis (movementvernacular repetition: ex. rap slang repeatedcadence: type of rhythmex. Whitman uses lines of varying lengthstrategic use of white space of the pagecalculated line breaks
poetic formsepigram
a short poem, with a clever twist or a concise and witty statement
monometer
one ft.
Mirror
Sylvia Plath
Quatrain
a four-line stanza
Hexameter
Six feet per line
stanzas
the divisions of a poem
Satire
literary work criticizing human behavior
prose
poetry that does not rhyme
Hardy
wrote Who's Digging on My Grave
Mr. Hudgins Favorite
synaesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another, thus mixing senses. "How sweet the sound."
rhyme
refers to the sameness of sound between two words
speaker
the identity of the voice in the poem
metaphor
that one thing is something else but it is not
epic poem
long narrative poem on a serious subject, historical events
Palindrome
a word, verse, or sentence in which the sequence of letters is the same forwards and backwards
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
Cross
"I wonder where I'm gonna die, being neither white nor black?"
Theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
broken rhyme
(split rhyme) result of dividing a word at the end of a line to force a rhyme.
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymesat the ends of lines in a poem
ode
a long lyric in elevated language on a serious theme
Open form
a type of poetic structure with no regularity or consistency
Anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
"How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wandered off by myself"
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