Poetry Unit Flashcards

Terms Definitions
refrain
gibe
to ridicule
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
dactylic
/ U U
enjambment
lines run together
slant/approximate/near
3 types of rhyme
Disconsolate
not to be comforted
imagery
figurative description of images
dimeter
A line with two feet
fop
an excessively fashion conscious man
oxymoron
putting two opposite words together
assonance
repetition of internal vowel sounds
traditional
of or pertaining to tradition.
Connotations
the meanings, associations or emotions connected to the word
blank verse
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
Tulle
a thin, fine net like fabric
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginnings of words
Rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds and any succeeding consonant soundex) sex, decksfertile, turtle
Pentameter
A metrical line containing 5 feet
Rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in spoken ore written language
Speaker
the voice that talks to the reader
Personification
the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions, esp. as a rhetorical figure.
couplet
2 consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
rhyme scheme
pattern of end in a poem
coarse
adjusted or designed for heavy, fast, or less delicate work
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Clerihew
-subject is a person
-first two and last two lines rhyme
-first line is persons name
sestane
name for stanza groups of 6 lines
simile
quiet as a mouse, good as gold
Allegory
narrative or description with a second meaning beneath the surface
Syntax
The rules of grammar, which control the way that words are arranged to, form sentence.
deem
(v)- to come to think or judge; consider
tone
the attitude an author has to a subject/audience
caesura
a slight but definite pause within a line of a poem, which is created by the natural rhythm of language in a long line, or by a punctuation mark
Free verse
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme
Iambic pentameter
common meter in poetry, typical to Shakespearean works, consisting of five feet ea. containing an accented and unaccented syllable.
synaesthesia
the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another
Connotation
what a word suggest beyond its basic dictionary definition; a words overtones of meaning
dramatic monologue
a speech for a single character, usually delivered to a silent auditor
Haiku
A three line poem, Japanese in origin, narrowly conceived of as a fixed form in which the lines contain respectively five, seven, and five syllables.
turn
a point in a poem when its meaning moves in a new and/or significant direction, or its theme emerges
foot
a group of syllables that make up one metrical unit
Irony
A contrast or gap between what is said and what is meant
Sonnet
poem of 14 lines using any number of formal rhyme schemes, typically having 10 syllables per line
Internal rhyme
when two words in the same line rhyme
narrative poetry
a long poem [[usually more than 60 lines]] that tells a story
form
arrangement of a poem, such as free verse, ballad, haiku, etc.
persona
the narrator of or a character in a literary work, sometimes identified with the author.
repetition
use of a word or line more than once in a piece of writing
fixed form
a verse having a set number of lines and syllables. Examples of fixed form poetry include haiku, pantoums, sestinas, sonnets, and villanelles
Shakespeare, Sonnet 73
old man is compared to fading of fall (losing hair is leaves falling), twilight and sunset, embers of fire dying
What is lyric poetry? (Name 1 example).
Short poem expressing thoughts & feelings of a single speaker. They often relate to an incident or to draw a scene. They sound 'lyrical'.Ex. Emily Dickinson, Elizabeth Barnett Browning
pallid
pale
Octometer
8 meter
epic
the illiad
ellipsis
three periods
heptameter
7 feet
quatrain
four lines
Situational Irony
Opposite happens
tragedy
hero who dies.
weak ending
unstressed syllable
octave
an eight-line stanza.
Allusion
a hint or refrence
Hepastich
Stanza of 7 lines
dream
an aspiration; goal; aim:
 Octameter
8 feet per line
Verse
Is a line in poetry.
symbol
something standing for something else
Browning
mother was an accomplished pianist
pyrrhic
two successive syllables unstressed or lightly stessed
Onomatopoeia
use of words imitate sounds
ex. quack, moo, smack, clunk
Empathy
putting yoursekf into another perosns perdicatment
apostrophe
speaking to something that cannot answer
metaphor
an implied comparison between two objects or ideas
(ex. she is a rose blooming in spring.)
closed form
poetry that follows any rules
narrative poem
poem that tells a story
Stanza
A group of lines arranged together.
similie
a comparison using like or as
pure poetry
Poetry free from conceptualized statement or moral preachment; or those portions of a poem remaining after such materials as can be paraphrased adequately in prose are removed.
edwardian
victorian age free verse which expresses doubts about conventional values
consonance
the repetition of the same consonant sound WITHIN words (BlueBerry, coPy PaPer)
Cacophony
A harsh, or unpleasant combination of sounds or tones
iamb
two syllable unit consisting of an unstressed then stressed syllable
ekphrasis
-poetic mode dependant on another work of art
-looking at a painting and describing it, giving the painting voice, or dramatizes the author's creation
eye rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation
Exact Rhyme
vowel and consonant sounds following the vowel are the same
Rhyme Royal
a seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets.
Ballad
A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style
concrete poetry
poetry which contains a strongly visual element
metrical romance
adventures of romantic poetry EX. Faerie Queen
Victorian sage
Mathew Arnold; prose writer; condition of England; Dover Veach, The Buried Life, The Forsaken Merman.
End Rhymes
Rhymes at the end of lines
archaisms
words that are no longer commonly used
figurative language
language expanded beyond its usual literal meaning to achieve emphasis or to express a fitting relationship between things essentially unlike
limerick
humorous poem with 5 lines in anapestic meter: a, a, b, b, a
Lyric poetry
poetry that expresses that poet's thoughts and feelings
Connective tissue
those elements that help create coherence in a written piece
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another
ex: a loud color a sweet sound i feel blue
to establish a flowing rhythm
einen fließenden Rhythmus schaffen/erzeugen
terza rima
stanza with three lines with an interlocking rhyme scheme
lyric poem
short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of single speaker - 90% are this type
Phanopiea
creating in the mind's eye a vivid picture
Ode
A long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter, and form. usually serious
parrallel syntax
The pattern of three phrases in parallel
pathos
quality in a work which causes pity, sorrow, or sympathy in the reader
Elegy
a poem which states a poet's sadness about the death of an important person
Lyric
having the form and musical quality of a song, and esp. the character of a songlike outpouring of the poet's own thoughts and feelings, as distinguished from epic and dramatic poetry
Prosody
The study of sounds and rhythms in poetry
nature/seasonal imagery
spring = infancy, summer = youth, autumn = maturity, winter = old age
paradox
a situation or action or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or at least to make sense
Common Meter
alternately 8 and 6 syllables to the line: 8/6/8/6
Meter
The rhyme pattern created in a line of verse.
Sensory Words
Writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight, smell, sound)
End Rhyme
Rhyming words are located at the end of the sentence
Imabic pentameter
a line of poetry with 10 syllables. The even number syllables are stressed. Iambic meter is closest to normal human speech; therefore, it is often used for serious poems.
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end .lines that end with period , a comma , a colon , a semisolon , an exclamation piont or a question mark
syllabic verse
A form in which the poet establishes a precise number of syllables to a line, without regard to their stress, and repeats them in subsequent stanzas. For example, see Marianne Moore, 'Poetry' (1921).
Main points of Troubadour
to humanize Jeffrey Dahmer, not to let us do to him what he did to his victims. inhuman to do terrible things, have to be less than human to do them.
rhyme/ rhyme scheme/ internal rhyme
idenitity in sound at the end of words or lines of a verse/ pattern of rhymes used in a poem marked by letters ex. abcb/ a rhyme created by words w/i 2 or more lines of a verse (in the middle not the end)
perish
die
Anapestic
UU-
trochee
stressed, unstressed
Psalms
sacred songs
Rossetti
Goblin Market
triplet
3 lines
Tennyson
Idylls of Kings
denotation
the dictionary definition
Wordsworth
Dorothy associated with...
carpe diem
siez the day
Alexander Pope
Sound and Sense
formal diction
dignified, impersonal, elevated language
Cliches
stale, familiar, unsurprising words, phrases and metaphors
reference to another literary work
allusion
Euphony
agreeableness of sound; pleasing effect to the ear; harmonious
poetry
rhythimic compressed language that uses figures of sppeck and imagery
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
communicates meanings beyond the literal
figurative language
deferred
out off until a future time
Theme
the main idea of the story
sensory
relating to the senses—see, smell, hear, touch, taste
figurative image
an image we can feel
Trope
figures of language that depend or "turn" on describing one thing in terms of something else. For example, "I made a killing."
Symbolism
one thing represents another EX. dove- peace
Whats a free verse?
poetry without end rhyme
ghazal
originally a 12th century Persian form of mystical Islamic religious poetry. common themes are spiritual quests and tragic loves
Traditional Ballad
a poem that tells a story
Half Rhyme
sounds are similar but not identical
slant rhyme
near rhyme; usually substitution of assonance or consonance (yellow, willow)
Blocking
positions and movements given by the director to actors for a scene
poetic allegory
symbolic story using symbols and metaphors to represent abstract ideas
Image
A concrete representatiopn of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea.
aim
to direct to, or toward a specified object, goal, of purpose of a literary work
aside
a message that departs from the main subject
extended metaphor
a metaphor that is extended or developed over several lines of writing or throughout an entire poem
figure of speech
an expressive, nonliteral use of language
synecdoche
substitution in which part is used to represent as whole
Dialect
language specific to a region or group of people
villanelle
a 19 line poetic form employing only two rhymes and repeating two lines at various intervals
ex)
Line 1 repeated at lines 6, 12, 18
Line 3 repeated at lines 9,15,19
Paraphrase
restate a passage in one's own words while retaining thought of author; N: restatement of a text in other words
Literal Language
To be interpreted with actual or strict meaning of the words.
EX: He ran with great speed and agility, eluding would-be tacklers on all sides.
Shakespearean sonnet
lyric poem divided into 3 quatrains and a couplet
juxtaposition
placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
Free Verse Poetry
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern
scansion
the analysis of a poems meter. done by the marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line and then dividing the into feet.
Petrarchan (Italian)
Sonnet with 14 lines comprised of an octave and sestet; a, b, b, a, a, b, b, a, c, d, e, c, d, e
Narrative
a poem that tells a series of events
rhythm, rhyme, compact language, attention
tells a story with a poetic flair
short story
duple meter
A meter in which a majority of the feet contain two syllables.
Roethke-The Waking
-I wake to sleep and take my waking slow
Iambic Pentameter
10 syllables per line
a man who wakes to sleep implying death and the cycle of life
man has to learn a new way of existing as a dead man
a speaker is a new born dead-man
Ground, tree, nature:life cycle
fame is a bee
fame comes and goes like a bee, sometimes fame is good/bad, sometimes it stings like a bee
The Little Black Boy, William Blake
And these black bodies and this sunburnt face
Is but a cloud, and like a shady grove.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PHRAES IS AN EXAMPLE OF A SIMILIE
I WANDERED LONELY AS A CLOUD
Temperate
Moderate
Single
one-syllable rhyme
sestet
6-line stanza
6 meters
hexameter
lepus, leporis m.
hare
Pun
Play on words
Caged Bird
Maya Angelou
anapest
u u /
unbidden
without being asked; uninvited
triple rhyme
battering and shattering
verse set to music
ballad
suspense
interest, excitement and anticipation that you feel about what happened in a poem
archetype
recurring idea, symbol, motif, character, or place.
Jargon
Language of a specialized field;technical terms
Kigo
A seasonal word or symbol.
Hexameter
a metrical line containing six feet
onomatepia
whose sound imitates meaning (example- buzz, sizzle, thud, hiss etc)
Echo
Conclude strongly with strong endings such a echoing a poem's lead in it's conclusion.
asonance
repitition of similar vowel sounds that are followed
internal rhymes
rhyming words within a lines
prose
language that lacks the specific essence of poetry writing
A fourteen-line lyric poem; 3 quatrains and 1 couplet
Sonnet
A grass exaggeration, usaully for effects
Hyperbole
Conflict
a struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions in a work of literature
Audience
Group of listeners or spectators or readers
Iambic foot
one unstressed syllable and one unstressed syllable U /
Euphemism
an understatement used to lessen the effect of a statement
Analogy
--makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike.
colloquial
refers to a type of informal diction that reflects casual, conversational language and often includes slang expressions
John Donne, The Sun Rising
Why shouldst thou think?
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Theme
Personification Example
The wind sang and the trees danced.
Trochaic meter
The type of meter, running rhythm (/,U)
dramatic irony
when the audience is privy to knowledge that one or more of the characters lack
example of alliteration
sing no sad songs for me
iambic
most common rhythmic foot in eng lang poetry
create
to cause to come into being, as something unique that would not naturally evolve or that is not made by ordinary processes.
understatement
A form of irony in which something is intentionally represented as less than it is
approximate/slant rhymes
words which look like they rhyme, but really don't
Run-on Line
a line in which the meaning continues beyond the line
Billy Collins
Encouraged schools to have kids hear a poem a day.
Figures of Speech
word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and that is not meant to be taken literally
Composed upon Westminister Bridge, William Wordworth
Never did sun more beautifully steep
In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 20
Which steals men's eyes and women's soul amazeth.
Petrarchan Sonnet
Made up of an octave (8 lines) and sestet (6 lines), between which a break in thought occurs
when and where was alfred lord tennyson born?
august 6, 1809 at somersby, lincolnshire
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
Is to stay here; without thee here to stay,
Is to go hence unwilling; thou to me
/ 218
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