Poetry Unit Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
stressed
`
hyperbole
exaggeration
cacophony
unpleasant sounds
Stressed Poetry
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Poetry Terms
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Tarry (v)
to stay
slant rhyme
approximate rhyme
paradox
(logic) a self-contradiction
adjure
to appeal to
pun
a play on words
Death, be not proud
apostrophe
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
quatrain
consists of four lines
Dactyllic
1 stressed 2 unstressed
Constantly Risking Absurdity
Ferlinghetti. Handout
onomatopoeia
sound words
ex. Rrring, ring!
Stanza
group of lines in poem
epic
long, narrative poem, originally passed down by word of mouth, that we tell about the heroes who embody the values of the culture recounting the tale
ballad
subject matter: one sensational episode, tragic theme, a lot of action, and a strong dramatic element with dialogue
meter
rhythmic structure of a verse
alliteration
repetition of innitial consonance sounds
personification
given human characteristics to nonhuman things
paradoxical situation
situation containing apparently but not actually incompatible elements
Acronym
An abbreviation that each letter stands for a word
narrative
a poem that tells a story
Onomatopeia
use of words to imminatate sound
ex.boom bang bust
rhythm
can be different for different lines
stock character
not named, flat, static- waiter
End Rhyme
Rhyme at end of line
metaphor
an implicit comparison between two things
couplet
2 lines that rhyme with eachother
Abstract
words that describe qualities that cannot be detected by the five senses
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds "bride of quietness"
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds in closely placed words
Symbolism
practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character
Cliché
boring phrase made tedious by repetition
optimistic
expecting the best; having a hopeful outlook.
monometer
a metrical line containing a single foot
metonymy
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for itself
Example: king as the "crown"
Dialect
spoken by definable groups of people form a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class
Syntax
The ordering of words into a meaningful pattern
persona
a fictitious character created by the poet to be the speaker in a poem eg. the in Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes the hawk says between my hooked head and hooked feet
Imagery
words or phrases that address ones' senses to create a mental picture
Iambic
An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
synecdoche
referring to part of something to denote the whole thing
Parody
an artistic work that imitates the style of another work for comic effect
perfect rhyme
when the correspondence of rhyming sounds are exact
simile
a comparison between two unlike things using like or as
ode
verse that praises or glorifies an individual or commemorates an event
Connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
mood
piece of literature which uses word pictures to build an atmostphere
Villanelle
A highly structured type of poem consisting of 19 lines. It has two repeating rhymes and two refrains. Five tercets followed by a quatrain
Sarcastic
A cutting or sneering remark intended to hurt someone or put them down.
Theme
a central message or insight into life
scansion
The analysis of a poem's meter. This is usually done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line and then, based on the pattern of the stresses, dividing the line into feet.
approximate rime
also known as imperfect rime, near rime, slant rime or oblique rime, a term used for words in a riming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rimes
tragedy
a drama in which a character (usually good and noble and of high rank) is brought to a disastrous end in his or her confrontation with a superior force
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
surprise
it may come from an unexpected ending, a fresh point of view, outrageous word choice or startling images
Folktale
A story that is passed from generation to generation ex. Cinderella
pure rhyme
occurs when words have identical final sounds
conversational
robert frost writes in what type of tone
Villanelles seem to have grown out of
native songs
Eye rhyme:
Depends on spelling rather than sound; words that look like they should rhyme, but do not
o Example: prove/love
extended figure
a figure of speech sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem
understatement
avoids the open & direct expression of powerful emotion
haiku
a poetic form of the Japanese culture. many themes include nature, feelings, or experiences
sestina
closed form of 39 lines composed of six 6-line stanzas and a 3-line envoy
Heroic Quatrain
a poetic stanza consisting of four lines of iambic pentameter rhyming alternately
rhyme
repetition of sounds at the ends of words
stopping by the woods on a snowy evening
Robert Frost
lyric poetry
a form of poetry with rhyming schemes that express personal feelings
apostrophe
using a noun of direct address to an inanimate object
diamante poem
a poem that contrast two topics. 1. one noun, 2. two adjectives, 3. three participles, 4. two nouns/two nouns, 5. three participles, 6. two adjectives, 7. one noun
repetition
when a poet chooses a word or phrase thats significant to the meaning of the poem and reapets to give it emphisis.
single rhyme
When there is one rhyming syllable in the rhyming words
iamb
a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in the word protect
approximate rhyme
When the repetition of a sound is similar but not exact, as in fello/follow or mystery/mastery; also called "half rhymes" or "slant rhymes".
Lyric Poem
Poetry that does not tell a story because it expresses emotion/thoughts
germanic language
the stress of the syllable is most important (English)
What kind of foot is this? I was angry with my friend
trochaic
olfactory imagery
a type of imagery that is related to smell
Anapestic foot (U U /)
Three syllables with the stress on the last syllable
 Cav a lier in ter twine
azure
blue
octet
8 lines
hexameter
six feet
Literary
written down
Chicago
Carl Sandburg
2 line stanza
couplet
cacophany
Discordant, unpleasant noise
prose
poetry
literal language
figurative language
rhyme scheme
rhythm
personification
not poetry
The Singing
C.K. Williams
Tone
Attitude towards a subject
anapest
unstressed unstressed stressed. rising
tetrameter
four feet per line
Narrative Poetry
Tells a story
Rhyme Scheme
A rhyme pattern.
Verse
Any composition w/ rhythmic lines
denotation
dictionary definition of a word
Irony
saying one thing, meaning another
speaker
the narrator of a poem
oxymoron
a seeming contradiction in terms
Foot
The unit of rhythm in verse.
Iambus
two syllables, unstressed followed by stressed, "Ex-Basketball Player" is written in Iambic Pentameter
allusion
an indirect reference to some character or event in literature, history, or mythology that enriches the meaning of the passage
sarcasm
bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed
William Wordsworth
Lyrical Ballads, with Tintern Abbey
Dramatic Irony
Author implies different meaning from speaker saying
concrete poetry
poetry which contains a strongly visual element
Setting
the time and place of the action
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration
Hyperbole
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
cliche
an over used phrase
When the teacher said we couldn't work with partners my bubble burst.
idea
a composite; not just one simple thing
Reap
To gather, as in harvesting a crop
script
the written version of the dialogue and stage directions
the use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning
onomatopoeia
lyric
a brief, personal poem that uses many sound devices, as well as rhythm and meter, and is filled with emotion (EX. sonnets, odes, elegies)
Accent
The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable.
internal rhyme
rhyme between words that occurs within a single line of poetry
juxtaposition
to place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast
enjambment
the running-on of one line of poetry into another
dramatic monologue
relates an episode in a speaker's life through a conversational format which reveals the character of the speaker. ex: Porphyia's lover
what kind of foot is this? "The Queen of hearts, she made some tarts"
iamb
atmosphere
mood, feeling created in a reader by a literary work
Caesura
A pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhyme of the line. It can occur anywhere within a line and doesn't have to be punctuated.
Kenning
a new compound word or phrase that is used to describe an event or object
poet
a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry)
Situational Irony
a situation in which there is an incongruity between actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate, or between what is anticipated and what actually comes to pass
Iambic Pentameter
A meter that has 5 iambic feet per line (5 groups of unstressed (u) & stressed (/)
synedouche
a part stands out for a whole (ex: tom bought a new set of wheels)
who started the romantic period?
William Wordwworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge
where did soto (the author of oranges) grow up?
in a mexican-american neighborhood
Dactyl Rhyme
a rhyme in which the stress is on the third from last syllable
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