poetry vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trochee
/U
Spondee
two stressed
diction
word choice
Auditory Imagery
Hear
dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
teTRAMeter
line w/4 ft.
Ozymandias of Egypt
Percy Shelley
quatrain
a four line stanza
Shakespearean or English sonnet
Prurient
having lewd or indecent thoughts
8. Diction-
An author's word choice
what is a jabberwocky?
a dragon
speaker
voice talking in the poem
Using mild/gentle language instead of blunt/offensive words
Euphemism
iambic meter
majority of feets are iambs
Shakespearean Sonnet
3 quatrains and a couplet
alliteration
repition of beginning consonant sounds in neighboring words
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
hyperbole
uses and exagerated statement to create a strong or emotional response
consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
imagism
Imagists believed poets should use common, everyday vocabulary, experiment with new rhythm, and use clear, precise, concentrated imagery.
image
the representation through language of sense experience
Enjambment
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.
Subside
to decrease or abate noise, emotion, or the like
i wandered lonely as a cloud
william wordsworth
Accent
emphasis given to a word or syllable
understatement
a restrained statement in which less is said, the opposite of hyperbole
idyll
a pastoral poem that presents an incident of natural simplicity in a rustic setting
rhyme 
the repetition of like sounds at regular intervals
rhythm
movement or procedure with uniform or patterned recurrence of a beat, accent, or the like.
Situational irony
When a situation turns out differently from what is expected.
dramatic irony
the author implies a different meaning than that from the speaker
epic
a long narrative or tale that relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies values of a society
Metaphor
Figure of speech where two things that are not related are compared. (e.g: She is a speeding bullet)
Rhyme
The matching of a final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words
Eye rhyme
the endings of rhyming words are spelled the same, but pronounced differently
metonymy
a person, place or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it
anapest
a foot of three syllables, two short followed by one long in quantitative meter, and two unstressed followed by one stressed in accentual meter
Symbol
A person, place, or thing in a narrative that suggests meaning beyond its literal sense.
Couplet
Pair of succesive lines of verse, esp. pair that rhyme and are of the same length
stanzas
a formal division of lines in a poem and is considered a unit (like a paragraph in prose)
Lyric Poem
a brief poem in which the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker, creating a single effect on the reader
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
spondaic metre
A metre that creats a feeling of heaviness, resignation, or immorbility - stressed, stressed.
somewhere i have never traveled
somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond
any experience,your eyes have their silence:
in your most frail gesture are things which enclose me,
or which i cannot touch because they are too near
your slightest look easily will unclose me
though i have closed myself as fingers,
you open always petal by petal myself as Spring opens
(touching skilfully,mysteriously)her first rose
or if your wish be to close me, i and
my life will shut very beautifully ,suddenly,
as when the heart of this flower imagines
the snow carefully everywhere descending;
nothing which we are to perceive in this world equals
the power of your intense fragility:whose texture
compels me with the color of its countries,
rendering death and forever with each breathing
(i do not know what it is about you that closes
and opens;only something in me understands
the voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses)
nobody,not even the rain,has such small hands
Free verse
poetry which does not have a regular rhythm, rhyme scheme, or form.
Run-On Line
A line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line.
end rhyme
rhymes that occur at the ends of the lines of poetry
What is the metaphor in mother to son?
Stairs to Life
Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole.
Repetition-
an act of doing something again
What is an eye rhyme? Name an example.
Something that looks like a rhyme but isn't. Ex. cough ("kof"), enough ("eenuf"), bough ("bow")
tripartite relationship
script->Actor->Audience
tercet
three-line stanza
Telephone Conversation
Wole Soyinka
elegy
poem of lament
The Sick Rose
William Blake
Cacophony
A harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds
Ballad of Birmingham
Dudley Randall
overstatement
making more than it is
transport (n)
extremely pleased or happy
Connotation
The feelings associated with words.
tone
emotional attitude toward the reader or audience
paradox
an apparent contradiction that is true
mood
the atmosphere created in the poem
Imagery
The representation through language of sense experience.
prose
ordinary speech or writing without rhyme or meter; referring to speech or writing other than verse
ode
an elaborately crafted, stately poem fit for solemn subjects
haiku
a three line poem, usually 17 syllables, which presents two images in juxtaposition
monosyllabic foot
a foot consisting of one syllable
protagonist
the main character in a literary work
pantoum
Poem with four-line stanzas in which lines are repeated
creed
n; a brief authoritative formula of religious belief; a set of fundamental beliefs, also: a guiding principle
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in words. It is a partial rhyme The vowel sounds are the same but the consonant sounds may differ.
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Allusion:
–nounA reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, historyreligion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture.
Simile
figure of speech that compares two unlike things using the extra words like, as, resembles, or than
 
 
Trochee
 
a foot consisting of an acccented syllable and an unaccented
 
happy
FABLE
a short tale that teaches a moral lesson in which the characters are usually (but not always) animals with human qualities and speech.
english/shakespearean sonnet
has a rhyme scheme organized into three quatrains with a final couplet: abab cdcd efef gg. the poem may turn/shift in mood or tone between any of the quatrains.
Slant Rhyme
Words don't rhyme exactly, but are close enough (again/rain)
sestina
the same 6 words are used as end-words
Shakesperian sonnet
a sonnet written in iambic penatmeter and following the rhyming scheme ababcdcdefefgg
sestet
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
repetition
the use of any element of language more than once
Trimeter
a metre of three metrical feet per line.Ex.When here // the spring // we see, Fresh green // upon // the tree.
Blank verse
poetry that doesn't rhyme, but has a musical tune
Figure of Speech
Language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
Elision
to shorten or lengthen a word in order to fit the meter (o'er=1, over=2)
Masculine Rhyme
Occurs when ONE SYLLABLE of a word rhymes with another word (light, bright)
What is a hexameter?
Line of poetry with 6 feet.
the pig-ogden nash
The pig, if I am not mistaken,
Supplies us sausage, ham and bacon,
Let others say his heart is big--
I call it stupid of the pig.
refrain
to obtain from an impulse to say or do something.
Used to add meaning to a poem not meant to be taken literally. Used to make an image in the mind.
What is figurative language?
dimeter
2 ft/line
limerick
funny poem
perspicacity
keenness of judgement
monometer
one metrical foot
personification
non-living things made living
oxymoron
words that contradict eachother
theme
the moral of the poem
Prosody
the study of poetic meter
meter
the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed sound in a poem
libertine
one who leads an immoral life
approximate rhyme
close but not exact rhyme
"BALLAD"
songlike poem that tells a story
Eve of St. Agnes
John Keats (uncovered poem)
Figurative language
Language employing figures of speech; language that cannot be taken literally or only literally.
tone:
the writer or speakers attitude toward his subject audience or self
Stanza
a group of lines whose metrical pattern is repeated throughout a poem
sonnet
a lyrical poem of fourteen lines. there are different types off sonnets, classified by rhyme schemes and internal organization (octave+sestet=Italian sonnet; three quatrains followed by a couplet=English or Shakespearean sonnet)
irony
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
traditional symbols
things that have acquired an agreed-upon significance before the poet cites them
Anagrams
Words made from the letters of other words, such as read and dare. Ex- Mountain Graveyard
IAMBIC PENTAMETER
LINE OF SYLLABLES DIVIDED INTO 5 IAMBS
rend
(v)- to split or tear apart in pieces by violence
Pretense
the act of imagining or of acting a part, as in play; make-believe
Elegiac Poetry
A formal poem written to lament the death of a friend or public figures.
Single Rhyme
Is a one syllable rhyme (night & sight, June & tune) most common rhyme
Internal Rhyme
A poetic device in which a word in the middle of a line rhymes with a word at the end of the same metrical line
Drayton, Since there's no help
dying love is compared to a dying man surrounded by his family, who can only be saved by his lover, who he now wants back in his life after he sent her away
iambic
unstressed, stressed
meaning
persona, metaphor
allusion
a reference.
figurative meaning
exaggerated mening
The Lamb
Blake. Romanticism
George Gray
Edgar Lee Masters
two feet per line
dimeter
parody
humorous or satirical mimicry
aubade
poem about the morning/dawn
lonely as a cloud
woodsworth
Litotes
Understatement; affirmative but expressed in the negative
Mark my melodious midnight moans
alliteration
My Wicked, Wicked Ways
Sandra Cisneros
Neologism
Describes a new concept (ex: e-mail)
villanelle
French verse form strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; 5 tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1,6,12, 18 and 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain.
denotations
literal, dictionary meanings of a word
Ballad
Narrative poem consisting of a beginning that is abrupt, a story is told, the language is simple, the theme is tragic, and the song has a few lines that are repeated.
inversion
reversal of the normally expected order of words
What kind of figurative language is this? Parthenon dawn drops
alliteration
symbolism
the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning
caesura
strong pause within a line of verse
Satire
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of changing or keeping others from going into a similar problem
Conceit
A fanciful poetic image or metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different
cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
optimistic
filled with hope, seeing the positive side
Idiom
Words that are used in way that doesn't mean exactly what it's saying. Ex. Hold your horses
narrative poem
a non-dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short
Conventional symbol
something that is recognized by many people to represent certain ideas (heart)
in Western haiku, ___________, ____________, and ________ of __________ are part of the structure
alliterations; resonance; rhythm; syllables
exact rhyme
first consonant is different but the rest of the word sounds exactly the same
Apostrophe
An address to someone who is absent or something that is nonhuman
Metrical Poetry
poetry that has a meter, the stressed and unstressed syllables are arranged in a regular pattern
sensory language
writing that appeals to the 5 sense (sight, touch, sound, smell, taste)
end-stopped line
a line of poetry that ends with punctuation
Poetry With A Rhyme
A pattern that repeats in each stanza
gustatory imagery
a type of imagery that is related to taste
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
This author was a celebrity poet of the 19th century and was known for writing popular narratives.
Sameul Taylor Colerdige
Lyrical Ballads, with the Rime of the Ancient Mariner
What four things do you use for literal meaning?
Vocabulary, Structure, Imagery, and Poetic Devices
Trochaic
/U
forbearance
Patience
Double
two-syllable rhyme
octave
8-line stanza
5 meters
pentameter
hubris
over confidence
catenum, cateni n.
chain
Sympathy
Paul Lawrence Dunbar
Triplet
3 line stanza
dactyl
/ u u
double rhyme
two syllable rhyme
bliss
complete happiness and joy
rhymed, blank, free
verse forms
quintet
5 lines of stanza
Hakiu
Japenese form of poetry,17 syllables(5,7,5)
Hozho
Balance between good and evil
amoretti
"little love" or "little cupids"
Edmund Spenser wrote it
off-ryhme
end rhymes that are not exact
extended metaphors
metaphors or sustained comparisons that are sustained for several lines
fixed form
traditional verse with specific requirements of length, rhyme scheme, and number of syllables
Anacrusis
an unstressed syllable at the beginning of a line that does not affect the overall poetic meter
The writer's attitude toward his/her subject
Tone
Genre
a type, class, or category, especially of fine art or literature
iamb
an unstressed syllable with a stressed syllable
carpe diem
a very common literary theme, especially in lyric poetry, which emphasizes that life is short, time is fleeting, and that one should make the most of present pleasures
Allusions
a brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythological situation or character
Shakespearian/English
3 quatrains + couplet in iambic pentameter
Alliteration-
repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
audience
person or people imagined in the poem
heroic couplet
couplet written in rhymed iambic pentameter
Metrical Patterns
Iambic Pentameter, Free verse, Lyric Poetry, Lyric Poetry, Villanelle, Sonnet, Haiku
epic poem
long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero of great historic or legendary importance
narrative
a story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious.
form
the overall structure or shape of a work, which frequently follows an established design; may refer to a literary type or to patterns of meter, lines and rhymes, which includes stanza and verse
euphony
a style in which combinations of words pleasant to the ear predominate
John Donne, Song
He hath no desire nor sense,
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Simile
5
the type of poetry that is song-like adn expresses a poets deep feelings
How many lines does a sonnet poem have?
fourteen
ballads
songlike poems that tell a story often dealing w/ adventure and/or romance
( situational) irony
an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
Syntax
The grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue. The organization of words and phrases and clauses in sentences of prose, verse, and dialogue. In the following example, normal syntax (subject, verb, object order) is inverted:
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end.
Refrain Poetry
poem which resembles a poem and the refrain is repeated throughout
Robert Frost
Wrote a poem entitled "The Road Less Traveled" about life decisions.
paraphrase
A restatement of a text or passage in another form or other words, often to clarify meaning
Ozymandias, Percy Bysshe Shelley
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,
The lone and level sands stretch far away.
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 104
Such seems your beauty still. Three winters cold
Narrative Poems
long or short poems that tell a story. Speaker is detached from action. Usually objective with a set stanza format. Epic poems, ballads, and dramatic monologues, are these type of poems
occasional verse
a poem that is written about or for an important event or occasion; example: Star Spangled Banner
End rhyme vs. Internal rhyme
Refers to where in the line the rhyming pair exists.
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
That ye may live, which will be many days,
Both in one faith unanimous; though sad
quoth
said
Marks
Pastan
Rilke
"The Panther"
pedagogic
cirilo bautista
strife
(n) conflict
languish
to become weak
Crusoe in England
Bishop
acquainted with the night
Frost
Spondaic (foot)
2 accented syllables
juncture
a point of joining
literary ballad
has an author
Rite of passage
Sharon Olds
The Bull Moose
Alden Nowlan, 1962
Akron, Ohio
where Rita Dove was born
jargon
vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people or profession
symbolisim
something that stands for something else
Stress
The emphasis given to certain syllables in words.
quondam
once, formerly; at some future time
unstressed
not bearing a stress or accent
AMBIGUITY
In writing,ambiguity refers to a carelessness that makes two or more meaning whre a single one is inteded.
In literature, it refers to the richenss of poetic expression that elevates and complicates dicition/phrasing
Antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
Poetry
Type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, and tells a story in a specific form.
Apposition
Phrase that explain noun that come before it i.e. John and Bob, [both friends of mine], are starting a band.
rhythem
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem
a foot that has one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllables
iamb
profound
situated at or extending to great depth
scansion
The process of measuring rhythm of poetry
analogy
Analogy is a comparison of an unfamiliar object or idea to a familiar one in an attempt to explain or illuminate the unfamiliar.
A long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstrels called trouvères.
Lay
A long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstrels called trouvères.
The Lais of Marie de France
lyric
poems that have a songlike feel to them
dramatic poetry
uses the tehniques drama to present the speech of one or more characters
figuritive languge
the writer or author compares two unlike things to show something about the first item
Sensory details
words and phrases that create imagery by using the 5 senses
Posation
use the aphostrop and "s" to show something belongs to someone.
extended metaphor
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
1st person
what tense is annabel lee written in
Dramatic Poem
Involves dialogue, in form of dialogue or monologue. Or presents characters who speak to other characters in the poem or to an unidentified listener, most dramatic poems contain dialogue. Others, like dramatic monologue, contain a single speech by one person
mush
to travel especially by snow with a sleigh of dogs
Implied Metaphor
When the comparison itself is not actually stated, but suggested by the use of other specific details
Half Rhyme
words whose sounds are similar but not identical
implied (metaphor)
implies or suggests -- the reader has to piece it together
Shakespearian Sonnet
A sonnet form used with the rhyme scheme: abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Prescribed Verse
Poetry with rules about how it is written
Multiple Aspects
giving the speaker not only a present, but a past; the "reality" of prolonged existence
God is discovered through reason by means of a lifelong process, he created the universe and then disassociated himself from creation.
What do deists believe?
full rhyme
A pair of words which end with the exact sounding vowels and consonants
point of view
the angle from which the action of the poem is told. Who is speaking, the part/role the speaker plays in the action, the limits placed on the speaker in terms of knowing what's going on.
Thomas Campion, There Is a Garden in Her Face
Which when her lovely laughter shows,
/ 261
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