Poetry Vocab 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
paradox
contradictory
Fratek's pyramid
Exposition,Climax,Denoument
Cacophony
harsh sounds
quatrain
A four-line stanza
ode
poem of praise
The Second Coming
W.B. Yeats
syntax
gramatical order of words
We Real Cool
Gwendolyn Brooks
sibilance
kind of alliteration--hissing sounds are repeated to create a perticular mood
Near/Slant/Approximate Rhyme
these words almost rhyme
meter
the rhythm of a poem
Simile
comparing using like or as
symbols
something that represents itself and something else
Metaphor
The comparison of two dissimilar objects or ideas without using "like" or "as" or "than".
Consonance
repition of consanant sounds within words in a line
Denotation
The basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word.
anapest
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one, as in New RoCHELLE
Assonance
the repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same, for example, “asleep under a tree,” or “each evening.”
rhythm
the patterm of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line
ekphrastic
related to a literary description of or a response to a visual work of art
satire
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly with the purpose of bringing reform
antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
Trochaic
a stressed syl. folled by an unstressed syl.
listEN
oduble double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn and cauldorn bouble.
sagacity
n; the quality of being sagacious (keen in sense perception)
Blank Verse
Unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Fluency
the smoothness or flow of a poem
iambic pentameter
nouna common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
 
 
Terza Rima
a three line stanza, supposedly devised by Dante, with rhyme scheeme aba bcb cdc ded and so forth.
UNDERSTATEMENT
saying less than one means or saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants.
Apostrophe
an exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person (typically one who is dead or absent) or a thing
lyric poem
a highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations and feelings of a single speaker
figure of speech
an expression or comparison that relies not on its literal meaning, but rather o its connotations and suggestions (i.e. 'dumber than dirt'). major ones: metaphor, metonymy, similie, synecdoche.
Rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
Sonnet
a poem of 14 lines in iambic pentameter. Generally addressing the topic of love
lyric poetry
a highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a speaker
end-stopped
ending punctuation at the end of a line
ballad
song like poem that tells a story, often of adventure or romance
Literary ballads
a narrative poem written in deliberate imitation of the language, form and spirit of the traditional ballad.
metaphors
the comparison of two unlike thing not uing like or as
refrain
the repetition of a line or phrase at regular intervals
Scansion
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the type of feet per line
mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
Scansion/Scanning
The action of scanning a line of verse to determine its rhythm.
english sonnet
every other line rhymes until the last two which are a couplet.
Rhyme Soheme
the patter or sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first sound is represented by a, the second by b, etc. When the first sound is repeated, it is also designated as a EXAMPLE:The res rose whispers of passion, aand the white rose breaths of love, boh, the red rose is a falcon, aand the white rose is a dove. b
What is rising rhythm?
Moving towards stress; more upbeat sounding
mending wall-robet frost
Something there is that doesn't love a wall,
That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it,
And spills the upper boulders in the sun;
And makes gaps even two can pass abreast.
The work of hunters is another thing:
I have come after them and made repair
Where they have left not one stone on a stone,
But they would have the rabbit out of hiding,
To please the yelping dogs. The gaps I mean,
No one has seen them made or heard them made,
But at spring mending-time we find them there.
I let my neighbour know beyond the hill;
And on a day we meet to walk the line
And set the wall between us once again.
We keep the wall between us as we go.
To each the boulders that have fallen to each.
And some are loaves and some so nearly balls
We have to use a spell to make them balance:
"Stay where you are until our backs are turned!"
We wear our fingers rough with handling them.
Oh, just another kind of out-door game,
One on a side. It comes to little more:
There where it is we do not need the wall:
He is all pine and I am apple orchard.
My apple trees will never get across
And eat the cones under his pines, I tell him.
He only says, "Good fences make good neighbours."
Spring is the mischief in me, and I wonder
If I could put a notion in his head:
"Why do they make good neighbours? Isn't it
Where there are cows? But here there are no cows.
Before I built a wall I'd ask to know
What I was walling in or walling out,
And to whom I was like to give offence.
Something there is that doesn't love a wall,
That wants it down." I could say "Elves" to him,
But it's not elves exactly, and I'd rather
He said it for himself. I see him there
Bringing a stone grasped firmly by the top
In each hand, like an old-stone savage armed.
He moves in darkness as it seems to me,
Not of woods only and the shade of trees.
He will not go behind his father's saying,
And he likes having thought of it so well
He says again, "Good fences make good neighbours."
alliteration
two or more words of a word group with the same letter.
stanza
i ask them to take a poem and hold it up to the light like a color slide
loathed
hated
earnest
sincere
positive
couplet
2 lines
epyllion
little epic
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
dramatic irony
see irony
onomatopoeia
buzz, hiss, honk
leash
set of three
The Griesly Wife
John Manifold
four feet per line
tetrameter
sestet
a 6 line stanza
Cadence
Natural rhythm of speech
reminiscent
reminding of the past
neutral
O fleet, sweet sorrow
internal rhyme
epic
often mythological or religious themes
Tercet
it is a three-line poem
William Carlos Williams
Spring and All
The Road Not Taken
Robert Frost
tone
the author's attitude/feeling towards the topic
ex. indifferent
dimeter
a metrical line containing two feet
Elegy
A mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, esp. a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
personification
giving human qualities to ideas, animals, or objects
stock responses
predictable, conventional reactions to language, characters, symbols, or situations
Allusion
reference to someone or something famous
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
poetry
the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.
Doggerel
derogatory term used to describe poetry whose subject is trite and whose rhythm and sounds are monotonously heavy-handed
iamb
2 syllable metric foot unstressed STRESSED
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
enjambment
the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next
what type of figurative language is this? flake ache
rhyme
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested
Imagery
mental pictures; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic encoding
narritave
tells a story, created in constructive format
allegory
dual level of meaning in a work
Caesura
a speech pause occurring within a line
Symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else
Trope
Use of figurative language in poetry. A word is used in a sense different from its ordinary meaning in a nonlieteral sense such as metaphor, irony, etc
Speaker
characters with their own points of view - their own attitudes, backgrounds, and ways of looking at reality. their thoughts and feelings may be similar to the author or they may be utterly different
whimsical
subject to odd ideas, notions, or fancies; playful; unpredictable
Accent
The mark given to a syllable or word.
pastoral
a work that describes the simple life of country folk, usually shepherds who live in a timeless, painless life in a world full of beauty, music, and love
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
Narrative poem
a poem that tells a story (Odyssey)
meters
rhytmic of stresses that appear in a poem
U marks unstressed syllable
/ marks stressed syllable
Substituted Foot
Spondee and Pyrrhic feet can be substituted in as irregularities, see spondee and pyrrhic examples.
Villanelles derives from
the Italian villa, or country house
lyric
group of words --> poetry thats meant to be sung
literary ballad
ballad meant to be read, not sung
dramatic poetry
narrative poem where one or more characters speak.
sestina
a poem with six stanzas of six lines and a final triplet, all stanzas having the same six words at the line-ends in six different sequences that follow a fixed pattern, and with all six words appearing in the closing three-line envoi
Paraphrase
The theme of a poem in your own words
Slant Rhyme
Sounds that are close but not exact duplicates of one another. For example: seen/been; ill/all; summer/somewhere.
Italian Sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
foot
the basic unit of meter used in the scansion or measurement of verse, either consisting of 2 or 3 syllables
figurative language
Language that is always based on some kind of comparison that is not literally true.
Irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
synecdoche
a part of the whole represents all of it, or the whole represents a part
onomatopeia
the use of words or phrases that sound like things to which they refer
mocking
laugh at or make fun of someone in a way that is not nice.
tactile imagery
a type of imagery that is related to texture
Walt Whitman
This poet was known for free verse and inspired Langston Hughes.
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
What is the second reading?
The second reading builds on the first and draws conclusions from the connotation of the form and content and the interpretation of symbols
spenserian
ababbcbccdcdee
Octave
8 lines
Curdled
Thickened, clotted
trochee
stressed unstressed
candid
fair; frank; informal
Italian Sonnet aka
Petrarchan
starting from paumanock
walt whitman
arroz con pollo
rice with chicken
Reflective
Thoughtful; showing serious and careful thinking.
Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story
setting
arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted
the repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem
rhyme
literal meaning
dictionary meaning of a word
octameter
a metrical line containing eight feet
overtones of meaning (implied)
connotation ex. "Getting out"
sound devices
make a poem appeal to ear
triolet
French form, containing 8 lines that include 2 rhymes & 2 refrains
Melancholy
a sad feeling; down in the dumps;
Metonymy
a closely related thing stands for something else
litotes
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture.")
third reading
your own reading and interpretation of the poem
Phonetic intensives
some sounds connect to their meaning, but no one knows why - not onomatopoeia but it has a similar function and effect
Genre
A type of writing with its own characteristic form and style
rhythem
the pattern of sounds, the flow of syllable sounds
o______________________________
the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings, such as buzz
inversion
reversal of usual order of words to achieve some kind of emphasis.
conosance
repition of consonat sound with in and at the end of words
rhymed verse
has regular meter and a rhyme scheme
pentameter
a line of poetry that has five metrical feet
Rondeau
a Lyrical poem of french origin having 13 or sometimes 10 lines with two rhymes throughout and with teh opening phrase repeated twice as a refrain
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Robert Frost
Point of View
eyes through which we experience literature
Rhyme-scheme
The pattern of a rhyme formed by the end rhyme in a line.
Dramatic Monologue
A literary work which consists of a revealing one way conersation by a character or persona, usually directed to a second person orto an imaginary audience. It typically involves a critical moment of a specific situation, with the speaker's words unintentionally providing a revelation of his character, as in Robert Browning's " My Last Duchess."
fireside poet
a group of 19th century American poets from New England
human life, nature
what do robert frost's poems often focus on
onomonopia
use of a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning
haiku(structured poetry)
three line verse form. 1st and 3rd line has 5 syllables. 2nd has 7. seeks to convey a single vivid emotion by means of images from nature.
double rime
a rime in which the repeated vowel is in the second last syllable of the words involved
who served as a nurse during the civil war?
walt whitman
blank and free verse
The two most confusing forms of poetry
figure of speech/figurative language
a word or phrase that identifies or describes somethign in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense (metaphors, similes, personification)
9. Narrative poem
A poem that tells a story. A narrative poem may be short or long, and the story it relates may be simple or complex.
what was the summery of "birdfoot's grampa?"
every life is important even if it's only one
spondee
/
azure
Blue
Octometer
eight feet
antithesis
opposing/contrasting ideas
sycophant
noun: flatterer
Woody Guthrie
"Ingrid Bergman"
identidem
again and again
Alexander Pope
Sound and Sense
Williams
Portrait of a Lady
epigram
short, memorable, witty, wise verse
Euphemism
word chosen for pleasant conotations
IMAGE
See imagery
A picture
represents 5 senses.
Spenserain Sonnet
abab, bcbc, cdcd, ee
Odes 1.24
by Horace65-8 B.C.Consolation\"What moderation or limit could there be to grief for one so dear?\"\"Many good men wept at his death, but none, Vergil, wept more than you\"
Shrewd
astute or sharp in practical matters
anacrusis
extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter begins
surcease (n.)
an end of an event
synesthesia
when one stimulation evokes a sensation of another
Raine
"A Martian Sends a Postcard Home"
conceit
an elaborate, fanciful metaphor, esp. of a strained or far-fetched nature.
romanticism
wordsworth "the world"; return to nature, rxn againt the enlightenment, intuition over reason, natural aspects of the world, feelings of sadness and great happiness, plain language
wispy
small in amount, fragile, or slight
narrative
written with connected events, a story
Eliot
Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Italian/Petrarchan
Octave: 8 lines, abbaabba, presents story, volta (turn) between 8 and 9 lines; Sestet: 6 lines, cdecde, cdcdcd, or cdedce; solves problem
abstract
Mirrors the concept, only with words. Generally the meaning of the words becomes secondary to the sound of the words. Similarly, some abstract poetry represents the concept by provoking dense and bizarre images rather than using the words' their sound. There is no set schematic for the abstract poetic form. The tone and content of the poem is solely at the discretion of the poet.
Shakespearean sonnet
in content it expresses uncontrollable passion in a rigid format
Rhyme
A pattern of words that contain similar sounds.
Parable
A short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson
enjambed
a poetic expression that spans more than 1 line; in other words, the phrase or sentence continues on to another line
petrarchan sonnet
eight lines followed by six lines
feminine rhyme
rhyme in more than one syllable
Obdurate
(adj) unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; yielding
Explication
Close reading of a passage or poem
Prose
The form of written language or everyday speech that is not organized according to the formal patterns of verse...uses paragraphs instead of stanzas
sybolism
a person, place, or action that symbolism somthing more than its self.
euphony
the impression of sounds that are pleasing to the ear. "Mellifluous"
concrete poem
poem in which the typographical arrangement of words in important
Line
one row of text in a poem
run-on line
lines in which the thought continues into the next line, as opposed to end-stopped.
oral tradition
tradition passed on by word of mouth
haiku
Japanese poem of 17 syllables, using 3 lines of 5 syllables, 7 syllables and 5 syllables. There is no rhyme.
limerick
a light, humourous style of fixed poem poetry; usual form consists of five lines with they rhyme scheme aabba; lines 1,2,5 contain three feet, while lines 3,4 usually contain two feet; range in subject matter from the silly to the obscene
confessional poetry
poetry that makes frank, explicit use of incidents in the poets life
limrick
A rhymed humorous or nonsense poem of 5 lines has a set rhyme scheme of A-A-B-B-A with a syllable structure
Epitaph
A poem in memorium of a deceased person.
eye rhym
words that are spelled similarly but pronounced differently
theme
what the author wants the reader to get out of reading the story or poem
near rhyme/slant rhyme
sounds are similar but look differently (ex: rapping and napkins)
symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else
line breaks
break pm strong words like nouns verbs adjectives and adverbs
turn
a point in a poem when its meaning moves in a new or significant direction
Shakespearean (English) sonnet
organizes into 3 quatrains and a couplet, which typically rhyme
Villanelle
a 19 line fixed form consisting of 5 tercets rhymed aba and a concluding quatrain rhymed with abaa, with lines 1 and 3 of the first tercet serving as refrains in an alternating pattern through line 15 and the repeated as lines 18 and 19
approximate rhymes
repeat some sounds but are not exact echoes; also called half rhymes, near rhymes, and slant rhymes
repetition
when a word or phrase is used over and over
True ease in writing comes from art, not chance,
As those move easiest who have learned to dance.
'Tis not enough no harshness gives offense,
Sound and Sense
atmosphere
the mood , is the feeling created in a reader by a literary work
end-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
figurative language/figure of speech
a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another, dissimilar thing, it is not meant to be understood on a literal level
Ode to a Nightingale, John Keats
That thou, light-winged Dryad of the trees
In some melodious plot
it's about a cat, macavity, who does crimes and never gets caught.
Summary of Macavity the Mystery Cat
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