Poetry Words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
chimerical
imaginary
autre
other
apostrophe
direct address
half rhyme
trochee
stressed then unstressed
run-on line
(basically) enjambment
assonance
repitition of vowel sounds
verse
A line of poetry
What is one meter?
Monometer
voice
tHE opinion of the author
exposition
introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
oxymoron
fuses two contradictoy opposing ideas
Consonance
repetition of final consonant soundsex) odds and ends
imagery
when figurtive language makes you think of the 5 sences
allusion
reference to another work of literarture, person, or place
symbol
a person/place/event that stands for itself and something beyond that
haughtiness
overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner toward inferiors
Rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
Foot
the fundamental unit of meter, consisting of 2 or 3 syllables, only one of which is stressed
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds in words close together in a poem
Antithesis
The juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to create a feeling of balance (e.g Too black for heaven, and yet too white for hell)
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter ( a ten-syllable line with 5 stresses). Resembles the natural rhythm of speech.
Approximate Rhyme
repeat some sounds, but not all
Personification
caring for an object, concept, or animal as if it were a human
Strategy
the management of language of a specific effect- the planned placement of elements to achieve an effect
aside
speech where actor is talking to himself; short
Iambic Pentameter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables;
5 meters, 10 meters, 10 syllables
What's a simile?
An implied comparisonbetween two basically unalike things using "like" or "as"
dramatic monologue
the speaker addresses a silent listener
Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word. Writers typically play off a word's denotative meaning against its connotations, or suggested and implied associational implications. In the following lines from Peter Meinke's "Advice to My Son" the references to flowers and fruit, bread and wine denote specific things, but also suggest something beyond the literal, dictionary meanings of the words: To be specific, between the peony and rosePlant squash and spinach, turnips and tomatoes;Beauty is nectar and nectar, in a desert, saves--...and always serve bread with your wine.But, son,always serve wine.
Euphism
Refer To Something Other Than Its Name
rhyme
the occurence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words
topic sentence
a first summary statement of a paragraph or essay
Onomatopoeia
The use of words whose sounds suggests their meanings (splatter).
Theme
A central message or moral through a literary work.
metonymy
the substitution of a word naming an object for another word closley associated with it
extended metaphor
a metaphor that extends for several lines is ____
interior monologue
a form of dramatic monologue similar to the soliloquy in which the speaker silently addresses himself; the speaker is his own auditor
"there went up a muffled roar" ; "If only Casey could get a whack at that"
Onomatopoeia
unstressed syllables
syllables that do not get emphasis in speech
the eel-ogden nash
I don't mind eels
Except as meals.
And the way they feels.
vista
extended view of a stretch of time or series of events
stanza
a group of conscutive lines in a poem that form a single unit
Rhyme scheme
describes the pattern of end rhymes. They are mapped out by noting patterns of rhyme with small letters: the first rhyme sound is designated a, the second becomes b, the third c, and so on. Ex. aabb
apocalyptic literature
"fire and ice" is an example of this form of literature that has to do with death
emphatic stress
The emphasis or rhythm of the words in a line.
ballad
a poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
What does the father say to his son at the beginning of the Jabberwocky?
To "shun" (ignore) the Jabberwocky
Narrative
...
suenos
dreams
Pentameter
5 meter
hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration
EPIC
don juan
Euphony
pleasing sounds
couplet
two lines
Lottery
Shirley Jackson
Metaphor
A Direct Comparison
sextet
6 line stanza
octave
an eight-line stanza
Emily Dickinson
One Dignity
tercet
3 line stanza.
Narrative poem
story in verse
Poetry
anything made or done
single rhyme
one syllable rhyme
free verse
no rhyme scheme
Couplets
Stanza of 2 lines
 Tetrameter
4 feet per line
Irony
literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true.
simile
metaphor using like or as
Quatrain
A stanza of four lines
Arnold
worked as a school inspector
lyric poetry
musical qualities that express feelings
pantoum
Malayan, any number of quatrains, lines 2 and 4 of which are repeated as lines 1 and 3 of the next quatrain, abab, bcbc, final quatrain: lines 1 and 3 are repeated from the first stanza in reversed order
Prose
ordinary or plain everyday language used in speech or writing with no patterns or rhymes
analogy
showing a resemblence or comparison between 2 different things in an attempt to give clarity kind of like an extended metaphor or simile
ex. life is like a soccer game (using a sport to explain life)
tone
the speakers attitude toward the subjects, the reader, or himself/herself
enjambment
when logical, grammatical phrase is interrupted by the end of a line and continues on the next line without pause or punctuation
speaker
the person who narrates the poem
motif
A recurring theme, subject or idea
Connotation
The implied meaning of a word.
lyric
brief, personal poem which is especially musical and emotional (e.g. sonnets, odes, elegies)
Iconography
the visual or pictorial representation of a symbol, as a picture of a crown represents power and royalty, qualities beyond the literal round metal bejeweled hat.
episode
an incident that forms the story
spondee
metrical foot of two syllables, both stressed
turn/volta
-a change in tone or argument
-follows a specific rhyme scheme
Structure
Described in terms of stanza, form, and meter.
Satire
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies
Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
shakespearean
fourteen line quatrains and a couplet ABABCDCDEFEFGG
Refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a poem or song
Rhynem
A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of other sound patterns
coinage
a word made up by a poet
End-stopped lines
line which both the gramatical structure and the sense reach completion at the end
juxtaposition
placing 2 unexpected elements side by side to compare or contrast
heroic couplet
consists of two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought
internal rhyme
when an individual line of poetry contains two or more words that rhyme
to achieve a particular effect
eine bestimmte Wirkung erzielen
imagism
a movement in poetry starting in 1912 that focuses on direct connection on a precise image, use of precise words and language, creation of new rhymes, and the complete freedom on subject choice
implied metaphor
comparison that states that one thing "is" something else. the same as a metaphor.
Paraphrasing
a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording.
Rising meter
poetic meters such as iambic and anapestic that move from an unstressed to a stressed syllable
Racism
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Vehicle
The means by which the tenor is conveyed
Petrarchan conceit
the exaggerated praise of a woman's beauty/a man's suffering from unrequited love
pyrric foot
Two unstressed syllables; this type of foot is rare and is found in between other types of feet
syntax
the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language.
Form
the way a poem's words and lines are laid out on the page
Mood
The feeling created in the reader by a poem or story.
Closed Form
a specific type of poetry. i.e. haiku, sonnet
Tanka
5 lines 31 syllables (5, 7, 5, 7, 7)
ACROSTIC
Gives a word for each letter of a short phrase or word
Dramatic Poem
Uses elements of drama (one or more characters speak; usually a tense situation or conflict).
lyric poem
any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings. Love lyrics are common, but lyric poems have also been written on subjects as different as religion and reading. Sonnets and odes are lyric poems.
caesura
a pause , usually near the midle of a line of verse . usually indicated by the sense of th eline , and often greater than the normal pause
End Rhyme
words at the end of the lines that rhyme
hypermetric
when a syllable is cut off and put in the next line to fit the meter
rhetorical shift
a change from one tone or attitude to another words like, but, also, however
repetition
the use, again and again of a word or phrase
rhymed verse
consists of a verse with end rhyme and regular meter
Main points of Directive
peculiar game of Simon says. Asks us to let the speaker be our guide, yet he has no intention except to get us lost. Forces intimacy "put a sign up CLOSED to all but me." Tells us to "make yourself at home" because we are not comfortable, we are not at home. Tells us to weep... and weep for things remembered, found.
end stopped
(of a line of verse) ending at the end of a syntactic unit that is usually followed by a pause in speaking and a punctuation mark in writing.
What is a poem?
form of ______ _____ that _______ the line as the unit of ________
form of literary expression that emphsizes the line, as the unit of composition.
dimeter
two feet
Conceits
elaborate comparisons
Tennyson
The Eagle
Iambic
unstressed stressed
lines
rows of words
slant rhyme
kind-of rhymes
In Memoriam
Aurthur Hallam
Coleridge
friend of Wordsworth?
irony of sitution
unexpected happens
Narrative Poetry
tells a story
The Love Pet
Ted Hughes
cacaphony
a harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds
Octameter
8 feet per line
poetry with a plot
narrative poem
limerick
light humorous poem of five
inversion
reversal of normal word order
anapest
two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable
Polysyndeton
repetition of conjunctions to effect measured thought and solemnity
comparison betwenn 2 unlike things using like or as
simile
stichic
lacks formal organization or rhyme scheme
Villanelle
Iambic pentameter, 19 lines, 5 tercets, 1 quatrain
Parody
a humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work. It can take any form, because parodists imitate the tone, language, and shape of the original in order to deflate the subject matter, making the original seem absurd.
exact rhyme
when the words rhyme exactly
Biology
the science that studies living organisms
Idiom
an expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression
Cacophony
a sound that is unpleasant and grating.
direct metaphor
directly compares 2 things with is
"With His Venom"
Sappho - fragment, snake, loosens
literal meaning
limited to the simplest, ordinary, most obvious meaning
didactic
something, which has as its primary purpose to teach or instruct
conceit
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things. A conceit may be a brief metaphor, but it also may form the framework of an entire poem. A famous example of a conceit occurs in John Donne's poem "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning," in which he compares his soul and his wife's to legs of a mathematical compass.
Dorothy Parker
Born in 1893
Became friendly with Robert Benchley and Robert Sherwood, and they formed the writers and critics known as the Algonquin Round table
Some titles include Enough rope 1926, Death and Taxes 1931, and Collected Poems: Not so Deep as a well 1936
Cadence
Recognizable beat and rhythmic flow of phrase
Anapestic
two unstressed beats and then a stressed beat.
anaphora
the same words or phrases repeated throughout a poem
suspense
a state or condition of mental uncertainty or excitement, as in awaiting a decision or outcome, usually accompanied by a degree of apprehension or anxiety.
Onomatopeia
the imitation of natural sound by word sound.
masculine rhyme
rhyme that ends on a stressed syllable
Litote
a figure of speech where instead of making a direct statement, the speaker denies the statement's opposite
Aubode
A poem about dawn; a morning love song' or a poem bout the parting of lovers at dawn.
Figurative Language
Appeals to the imagination.
EX: He ran like a jagged wind cutting through a field of limp, high grass.
line breakes
breaks on strong words like nouns verbs adjectives and adverbs
mock epic
comic literary form that treats a trivial subject in the grand, heroic style of the epic
scansion
the amrking of a poem to note stressed and unstressed syllables, feet and pauses
synaesthesia
1 type of sensation is referred to in terms more appropriate to another
rhyming couplets
when two phrases rhyme they are paired together and labeled with the same letter
dollop
a large lump or portion of a solid matter
figure of speech
word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another, that is not meant to be understood on a literal level
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly
someone other than the poet.
a stanza made up of four lines of poetry
quatrain
didactic poem
A poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson.
spenserian stanza
a stanza with eight lines of iambic pentameter and a concluding Alexandrine with the rhyme pattern abab bcbc c
alphabet poetry
a form of poetry which states a creative or humorous idea using part of the alphabet; is often written as a list
Pablo Neruda
wrote odes, began with a metaphor and ended with a moral note
glean
to collect bit by bit; to gather with patient labor
verbal irony
a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said
Subject
What a story or play is about; to be distinguished from plot and theme.
Run-on-line
A kind of poetry in which there is no natural pause at the end of the line
hw Auden-Muse des Beaux Arts
-about suffering they were never wrong
-the old masters
No specific meter or rhyme scheme
speaks about the nativity
skaters in winter landscape, the fall of icarus
metapoetry theme
talks about loss meaning like poetry loss meaning
hidden messages in themes
o captain my captain
a celebration of the victory of the civil war concluding and the unification of the nation, an ode or a tribute to another person, an extened reminder that the captain has fallen dead
Ode to a Nightingale, John Keats
Fast fading violets cover'd up in leaves;
And mid-May's eldest child,
WHICH STATEMENT BEST DESCRIBES WHAT HAPPENS TO THE SHE IN "INTERNMENT"
SHE LEARNS TO SEE BEAUTY IN NATURE DESPITE HER SUFFERING
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