ap lit poetry test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
theme
central thought
spondaic
acc acc
tone
manner of expression
dactylic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
tercet
3 line stanza
spondaic ex
man made
trochee
/u happy, lightly
litotes
understatement for emphasis
cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
monometer
1 foot per line
opening/closing repetition
end echoes beginning
slant rhyme ex
dark, heart
verse
a piece/line of poetry
rhyme scheme
sequence or pattern sounds
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
anapest
a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables
dactyl
3 syllables, first is stressed
Free/Blank Verse
follows no specific form
epithalamion
poem 4 celebration of marriage
Irony
situation/use of language involving incongruity/discrepancy (verbal, dramatic, situational)
voice
(linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds in words close together
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
free verse
poetry without rhyme or meter
accent
placement of stress on certain syllables
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
consonance
the repitition of consonant sounds with words
onomatopoeia
sound imitates meaning ex: buzz splat
epigram
a pithy (forceful; effective) saying, often using contrast; also, a verse form which is usually brief and pointed (sharply concise and cutting)
olfactory
imagery appealing to sense of smell
Nemesis
The protagonist's arch enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty.
ode
written abt dignified lofty subj. exalted rapturous.
Ballad
short narrative poem in song-like stanza form
Octave
eight-line stanza; first eight lines of sonnet
sonnet
a fourteen-line poem in predominately iambic pentameter
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
elegy
poem that laments dead or lost
metaphor
concise form of comparison equating two things that may at first seem completely dissimilar, often an abstraction and a concrete image
paradox
a concept that appears to be contradictory yet true
conceit
an elaborate or farfetched metaphor or simile
pastoral
work that depicts simple pleasure in rural life
parody
an artistic work that imitates the style of another work for comic effect
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
slant
near rhyme usually the subject of assonance or consonance of true rhyme. (called oblique rhyme)
anapestic
(of a metric foot) characterized by two short syllables followed by a long one
anaphora
repetition of words phrases or clauses at the beginning of successive lines
metonymy
the substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in place of the name itself
Oxymoron
A phrase composed of opposites; a contradiction.
Simile
A comparison or analogy that typically uses like or as.
monody
similar to dirge. greek poem of mourning sung by 1 ren
lyric poem
highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker
falling rhyme
feminine rhyme; ending with unaccented last syllable
feminine rhyme
falling rhyme; ending with unaccented last syllable
sestina
poem composed of six six-line stanzas and a three-line conclusion called an envoi.
concrete poem
a poem that suggests the visual representation of the subject
stanza
one of the divisions of a poem, usually composed of 2+ lines
epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
fixed form
a traditional pattern that applies to whole poem (sonnet, limerick)
scansion
The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
refrain
one or two words repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza; there may be slight variations of the owrd arrangement which sometimes indicates great significance
Lord Byron
Romantic poet; celebrated in life for aristocratic excesses including huge debts, numerous love affairs, and self-imposed exile; described by Lady Caroline Lamb as "mad, bad and dangerous to know"; travelled to fight against the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence, for which Greeks revere him as a national hero.
understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
enjambment
carrying the sense of one line of verse over to the next line without a pause
alexandrine
verse with six iambic feet, a common form in French poetry but relatively rare in English poetry
persona
narrator or speaker of a poem or story
villanelle
an eight line stanza, a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
tragic irony
when the dramatic irony points to a hero's downfall
metaphysical poets
a loose group of British lyric poets of the 17th century, who shared an interest in metaphysical concerns and a common way of investigating them
terza rima
a 3 line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc
T. S. Eliot
Modernist poet; introduced a new style of writing utilizing both common speech of the time and very obscure allusions; using obscue allusions which were hard for the common people to follow; wrote about things that concerned him, specifically having to do with the post-war attitudes many people had. He wrote about death, loss, and spiritual recovery which for the most part are still of concern today.
Iambic meter
meter where most of feet are iambs; most common English meter
narrative poem
non dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative. ex: ballads, epics
synecdoche
figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent the whole
dramatic monologue
A type of poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener. As readers, we overhear the speaker in a dramatic monologue.
linked rhyme
rhyme in which the first syllable of a line echoes the last syllable of the previous line
Run-on line
line w/ no natural speech pause at the end
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end (end with punctuation) in a poem
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