AP Lit Poetry Vocab Part Flashcards

Terms Definitions
trochee
stress unstress
iambic
unaccet accent
seset
6 line stanza
lament
a mournful poem
cinquain
5 line stanza
anapestic
un un acc
dactyl
/uu cigarette, interrupt
euphony
sounds blending harmoniously
tercet
a three line stanza
pentameter
five feet per line
oxymoron
juxtaposition of contrasting words
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
narrative
telling a story; ballad
slant rhyme
imperfect approximate rhyme
kenning
metaphorical compound in Anglo-Saxon or Germanic verse (i.e. "whale road" for ocean)
conceit
a startling or unusual metaphor
consonance
repetition of internal consonant sounds
hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect; overstatement
Dactylic
one stressed, two unstressed
Remember: look at your figure you have a long joint followed by two short ones.
Ex. Picture yourself in a boat on a river with Tangerine trees and marmalade skies
Apostrophe
figure of speech; someone absent/dead/inanimate is addressed as though alive/present and could reply
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
ballad
simple narrative poem, often incorporating dialogue and with general rhyme scheme of ABCD
asyndeton
the omission of conjunctions that ordinarily join coordinate words and phrases
foot
basic unit of meter in poetry
antithesis
balance of parallel word groups conveying opposite ideas
spondee
a metrical unit with stressed-stressed syllables
metaphor
a direct comparison between two things
simile
indirect comparison using like or as
villanelle
a French verse form, strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; five tercets and a final quatrain
Paradoxical situation
situation containing apparently but not actually incompatible elements
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
lyric
poetry that explores the poet's personal interpretation of and feelings about the world, characterized by emotion, personal feelings, brevity
Petrarchan sonnet
14 lines/abba abba cde cde
meter
regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
masculine rhyme
occurs when single syllables correspond
sibilance
a type of alliteration that repeats "hissing" sounds
polysyndeton
repetition of a number of conjunctives in close succession; stylistic scheme used to slow the rhythm or prose and can add an air of solemnity to a passage
litotes
form of understatement in which an affirmation is made by means of negation
inversion
variation of the normal word order which puts a modifier or the verb as first in the sentence
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
sestina
six lines, 6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next stanza
summary
a brief condensation of gist, main idea, or story
accent
a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation
apocapated rhyme
a cut-off rhyme last syllable missing
continuous form
a poem with no stanza breaks
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like what they mean
W.B. Yeats
Modernist poet; used allusive imagery and symbolic structures throughout his career; chose words and assembled them so that, in addition to a particular meaning, they suggest other abstract thoughts that may seem more significant and resonant.
Assonance
repetition at close intervals of vowel sounds of accented syllables/important words
Sonnet
fixed form of 14 lines, normally iambic pentameter, w/ rhyme scheme conforming/approximating one of two main types
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
connotation
meaning that a word suggests beyond its literal, dictionary meaning; its emotional associations, judgements or opinions
madrigal
lyric poem designed to be sung without instruments
dirge
lyric verse that is a short funeral lament
scansion
The process of marking lines of poetry to show the type of feet and the number of feet they contain
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
couplet
a pair of lines that end in rhyme
Modernism Era
considered to have emerged in the early years of the 20th century; these poets wrote in reaction to the perceived excesses of Victorian poetry, with its emphasis on traditional formalism and ornate diction
Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet
sonnet consisting of octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of 2/3 additional rhymes
didactic poem
poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson.
irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens
Spenserian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab bcbd cdcd ee
stanza
unit of a poem similary in rhyme, meter and length to other units
imperfect rhyme
occurs when consonants in two words are the same but intervening vowels are different
lyric poem
poem that doesn't tell a story but expresses personal feelings of the poet
iambic pentameter
meter in which the predominant foot is the iamb and there are 5 feet in a line (10 syllables)
elegy
a type of poem that meditates on death or mortality
rhyme royal
a 7 line staza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc used by Chaucer and medieval poets
end rhyme
occurring at end of verse line. most common rhyme form.
Synecdoche
figure of speech; part is used for the whole
Italian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
tone
attitude of the speaker or author of a work toward the subject itself or the audience, as determined by the word choice and arrangement of the piece
controlling metaphor
A metaphor that is central to and runs through an entire work.
ballad meter
a four line stanza rhymed abcb with 4 feet in lines 1 and 3 and 3 feet in lines 2 and 4
concrete poem
A poem in which the words are arranged on a page to suggest a visual representation of the subject.
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