AP Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
heroic quatrain
abab
double couplet
aabb
Octometer
Eight foot line
Heptameter
Seven foot line
Pyrrhic
Two unstressed syllables.
comma,
continues the thought
euphony
pleaasing calm ssounds
spondee
2 accented syllables
Denotation
indicates conventional correspondence between words and ideas - the dictionary definition
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
Sonnet
Fourteen-line stanza form consisting of iambic pentameter lines.
Ballad
fuses narrative description with dramatic dialogue and originated form folk literature. Consist of quatrains, a common form of which is alternating iambic tetrameter and iambic trimester. Normally the second and fourth lines of each quatrain rhyme
Symbols
are words, actions, setting, characters, or situations
anapest
2 accented THEN 1 unaccented
the ballad
song, tells a story
iamb
1 unaccented 1 accented syllable
anaphora
repetition of beginning of LINES
end mark
period question mark etc
Imagist
20th Century movement of poetry advocating free verse and the expression of ideas and emotions through clear, precise images
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse.
Dialect
characterized by the idiosyncrasies of regional language i.e. Vermont's 'jeezum crow'
Light stress
syllables are unaccented. The combination of accented and unaccented syllables creates the beat of a line of verse
Metonymy
is a figurative device which substitutes one thing for another with which it is closely identified i.e. the white house for the president and his administration
Parallelism
the repetition of a particular grammatical structure, i.e. By air, by sea, or by road
internal rhyme
ryhme occurs within a line
The epic
long narrative, formal, serious, heroic deeds
Heroic Couplet
(Sometimes called closed couplet) Two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within the two lines (Usually consists of iambic pentameter lines)
Couplet
Two lines of verse that rhyme a-a
Zeugma
from the Greek for "yoking" or "pairing" is applied to expressions in which a single word stands in the same grammatical relation to two or more other words, but with an obvious shift in significance. Most commonly takes the form of two objects of one verb in which the objects alter the meaning of the verb slightly - often from literal to figurative as in "After high school, Ralph...mortgaged a trawler and began 'netting salmon and lucrative profits'"
Overstatement
the use of hyperbole or exaggeration to emphasize a point or often to create a satirical tone i.e. In "Schoolsville" Billy Collins states that the students drop by to turn in papers "twelve years late"
Imagry
refers to words that triggger the imagination to recall and recombine images - memories or mental pictures or mental pictures of sights, sounds, tastes, smells, sensations of touch and motions
Elegy
is a lamentation about death. Elegies like Milton's "Lycidas" often take the form of a pastoral - a celebration of rural life
Archetype
is a character, action, or situation that is a prototype of human life, generally a situation that occurs over and over again in literature such as the quest, initiation, or the reconciliation
the ode
lengthy poem, serious topics, lofty emotions dignified style and serious topics such as meaning of life
momo, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa---meter
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
synecdoche
using one part of something to represent entirety. wheels for car
colon
designates importance of what is to follow
metonym
using an attribute of something in ASSOCIATIOn of the entirety Washington for central gov
Refrain
Repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. (Often takes form of chorus.)
Vehicle
the specific words of the metaphor or simile
Apostrophe
when the speaker addresses a real or imagined listener who is not present. It is like an imagined speech i.e. "Alas, poor Yorick." - where Hamlet holds up Yorick's skull and addresses him.
Mythos
is a system of beliefs and religious or historical doctrine
Identical Rhymes
are rhymes that employ identical words in rhyming positions
Blank Verse
is the adaptation and fusion of sentences in poetic form by means of unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter
Villanelle
is a nineteen line form consisting of 6 tercets, the last tercet has four lines. The first and third lines of the first tercet are repeated alternately in succeeding stanzas as a refrain and are used in the final quatrain
italian sonnet
8 lines octave plus sestet(six lines). abba, abba, cde, cde. octave= theme. answer in sestet
pathetic fallacy
something in nature that has human emotions
Rhyme Scheme
Pattern or sequence in which the rhyme occurs.
Quintet
Five line stanza that may have any one of several rhyme schemes
Rhymed Verse
Verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter.
Dramatic monologue
a situation in which a speaker talks directly to and on the spot listener
Listener (internal audience)
a character or characters imagined as the audience to whom a poem or story is spoken
Common Measure
is similar to the ballad but rhymes all kines abab cdcd etc.
enjambment
continuation of one line of a poem to the next line. It may continue the grammatical structure
Free Verse
Lines that do not have a regular meter and do not contain rhyme.
Cultural or Universal Symbols
are symbols that possess a ready-made, clearly agreed upon meaning. Such symbols can be used ironically. Thus, a dove does not always mean peace but usually does
off rhyme, slant rhyme, or near rhyme
inexact but close rhyme
Elizabethan or English Sonnet
consist of three quatrains and a final couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab ccdc efef gg
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