AP poetry exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
rhyme enclosure
triple quatrain
Six foot line
Two stressed syllables.
One foot line
5 line stanza
repetition of consonants
attitude of writer
Exact Rhymes
are normal rhymes
open form poetry
free verse
the quintain
5 line stanza
harsh, clashing word sounds.
the sextain
six line stanza
are unacknowledged references and quotations that authors make assuming that readers will recognize the original sources and relate their meanings to the new context
japanese, intense emotion, 17 syllables, lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables.
1 accented THEN 2 unacceneted
Implied comparison between two usually unrelated things indicating a likeness or analogy between attributes found in both things without using like or as.
Giving a human characteristic to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals
English/Shakespearean Sonnet
Fourteen-line stanza consisting of three quatrains and a couplet.
is the repetition similar consonant sounds for emphasis of sounds. "In kitchen cups concupiscent curds" is alliteration and arrests the reader with its abruptness
repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
blank verse
lines in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Five line nonsense poem with an anapestic meter. Rhyme scheme is usually a-a-b-b-a. First, second, and fifth lines have three stresses; third and fourth have two stresses.
is a stressed syllable accompanied by one or two unaccented syllables, but could also be two accented syllables or two unaccented syllables in a row
is a foot of two unaccented syllables
the totality of ideas and attitude expressed in the metaphor or simile. The tenor of the Smashing Pumpkins "I am still just a rat in a cage" is anger, frustration, and angst
refers to word order or sentence structure. Often times, poets invert or play with word order for effect
is the repetition of similar vowel sounds to produce flow of language i.e. "I do believe you what now you speak" The repetition of oo brings flow to this line from the Player King in Hamlet
six six-line stanzas, ending with a tercet (3 line stanza). repetition of ending words changing order in each
a pause or omission but are understoon
Three line stanza or three lines of verse within a larger unit that usually rhymes a-a-a
Dramatic Irony
is created when speaker or other character is unaware of something the reader is aware of.
is the use of words appropriate for one sensation employed to describe another i.e. This mountain air is delicious
Verbal Irony
involves using words to mean their opposite as in "Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori" from Wilfred Owen in which the poem shows that life is anything but sweet and becoming
Sprung Rhythm
which was invented by and almost exclusively used by Gerald Manly Hopkins, an English poet of the Victorian era, is a rhythm in which stresses are sprung from the line by the use of stressed monosyllabic words in succession. Alliteration also contributes
Cliche Rhymes
are easy rhymes that show little effort such as 'hat' and 'cat'
pause in a line. brought about by punctuation or natural rythm of the language.
repetition of the same sound at the last UNACCENTED syllable
End Rhyme
Similarity occurring at the end of two or more lines of verse.
Division of a poem based on thought or form
Masculine Rhyme
One syllable of a word rhymes with another word (bend and send, bright and light)
Sight Rhyme
are rhymes that look as though they should rhyme but in actuality are inexact such as 'above' and 'approve'
Closed-Form Poetry
is poetry that adheres to a specific and traditional pattern
is the act of scanning a poem to determine its beat
Low or informal diction
is relaxed and unselfconscious and employs the everyday language of common people including idioms, colloquialisms, contractions, slang, etc.
Middle or neutral diction
Maintains the correct language and word order but avoids elaborate words and elevated tone just as it avoids idioms, colloquialisms, contractions, slang, etc.
a poem about death, who was died. also known as dirge
High or formal diction
exactly follows the rules on syntax and employs complex words and lofty tone
the couplet, tercet, quatrain
two line-aa, 3 lines-varied, 4 lines- varies
Rhyme Scheme
is the pattern of end rhymes in a poem indicated by letters that correspond to first, second, third rhymes etc. as in aabbcc or abba cddc etc.
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