Prebles' Artforms 2 Flashcards

20th Century Art
Terms Definitions
Chapter 6
Chapter 10
Graphic Design
Ch 5
Evaluating Art
work of art
visual expression
Ch 4
Principles of Design
Greek Art
Idealistic and naturalistic
John Cage
Composer; neo-dadaist; encouraged artists to pay attention to the world around them;
silent composition: 4' 33".
figure/positive shapes
subject or dominant shapes
An opaque, water-soluble paint. Watercolor to which opaque white has been added.
the surface grain of paper.
A two-dimensional or implied two-dimensional area defined by line or changes in value and/or color. or within the outer boundaries of a three dimensional object
Chapter 9
Camera Arts and Digital Imaging
20th Century Art
Rapid Change, Diversity, Individualism, Exploration
(1571-1610) Caravaggio is key painter of this form of Baroque.
-Italian painter who influenced most of the painters of his time through his use of great contrasts and theatrical lighting
-was a murderer (condottieri) and had a violent nature -in works are characteristic dark backgrounds and bright highlight
-also uses many diagonals and foreshortening, which makes a composition more active
In The Conversion of Saint Paul the subject is expressed through the drama of light and shadow.
a planographic process where the artist draws directly onto a very clean stone using Tusche (greasy crayon);
Stone coated with chemical to fix Tusche to stone;
lightly cleaned;
ink sticks to Tusche but not rest of stone
Miriam Schapiro, 1985, Fabric and Acrylic
an intaglio printmaking process in which lines are scratched directly into a metal plate with a steel needle. Also the resulting print.
any printmaking technique in which lines and areas to be linked and transferred to paper are recessed below the surface on the printing plate. Etching, engraving, drypoint, and aquatint are all intaglio processes.
often based on culturally accepted standards
A manipulative and often additive process. Working pliable material such as clay or wax into 3-D forms.
Broad plain between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
List and define the tools and terminology associated with printmaking.
Claude Monet (straddled realism and impressionism with On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt; Impression: Sunrise);
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (The Luncheon of the Boating Party);
Degar Degas (The Ballet Class);
Mary Cassatt (The Boating Party);
Auguste Rodin (The Gates of Hell, The Thinker)
youngest of 3 master of Renaissance; The most expressive of the clarity and balance that marked art of the period; awareness of the divine in human beings; Madonna of the Chair; The School of Athens (includes Raphael, Michelangelo and Leonardo)
Installations and Environments
Manipulating light and space;
installed in a an area/room, sometimes altering the entire space;
James Turrell; Andy Goldsworthy
ligns cut into polished surface of plate
very difficult, time consuming
figure-ground reversal.
The phenomenon when positive and negative space change places - as seen in Escher's Sky and Water I painting is called
cross hatching
cross directional lines that create depth of form
paint that uses water-soluble gum as the binder and water as the vehicle. Characterized by transparency. Also, the result of painting. Free flowing; loose; challenging: unforgiving, dries fast; Pigment (no white: white is paper); Binder (gum Arabic); Vehicle (water)
The study and philosophy of the quality and nature of sensory responses related to, but not limited by, the concept of beauty. Within the art context: The philosophy of art focusing on questions regarding what are is, how it is evaluated, the concept of beauty, and the relationship between the idea of beauty and the concept of art.
color photography
Color photography is photography that uses media capable of representing colors which are produced chemically during the photographic processing phase. It is contrasted with black-and-white photography, which uses media capable only of showing shades of gray.
In drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling.
Vincent Van Gogh
-Worked with expressive qualities of color, extensive brush stroke - texture, impasto technique brings dreamlike, emotional character
Expanding on Cubism
Russian artists took cubism to complete abstraction; Kazimir Malevich (Suprematism - shapes and colors, no need for subject; Airplane Flying); Fernand Leger (forms look machine made; The City; Ballet Mecanique)
Richard Hamilton
** British artist; published list of characteristics:
popular, transient, expendable, low-cost, mass-produced, young, witty, sexy, gimmicky, glamorous, big business;
Just What Is It That Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing?
judged art to be good if it successfully communicated the inner spirit.
vertical placement
objects placed low on the picture plane that appear to be closer
a craftsman who shapes pottery on a potter's wheel and bakes them it a kiln
hierarchical scale
the use of unnatural proportions to show relative importance of figures.
a scale drawing of any vertical side of a given structure
medium, media
A particular material along with its accompanying technique; a specific type of artistic technique or means of expression determined by the use of particular materials.
Diminishing Size
decreasing size of objects to imply increases distance. smaller objects appear farther away.
De Stijl
Artists set out to create a universal style in painting, architecture and design, using rectangles and squares in flat planes of bold primary colors and black, gray and white, all carefully orchestrated with straight lines. This abstractionist movement was based in the idea that a "universal" aesthetic be produced: vertical lines (man) and horizontal lines (the horizon) produce a grid. The compelling geometric paintings of Piet Mondrian, who reduced paintings to 4 elements: line, color, shape, space.
Events and Happenings
Event: Homage To New York (Jean Tinguely), designed to destroy itself with a turn of a switch;
Happenings: cooperative events in which viewers become active participants in partly planned/partly spontaneous performances; Household (Allan Kaprow)
Rocket to the Moon
Romare Bearden, 1971, Collage on board
the physical bulk of a solid body of material
Art from Neolithic Period
Earthenware Beaker (4,000 BCE; Susa, Iran)
Burial Urn (2,200 BCE; China)
Discuss and define kinetic, mixed media, constructed, assembled, installation, and site-specific sculpture.
Kinetic: moving; Mixed media: different materials; Constructed and Assembled: built up, put together; Installation: uses a physical space to complete the work; Site-Specific: designed to be in a specific place, locaton.
true fresco or buon fresco
lime binder and vehicle, wet plaster
Implied line
A line in a composition that is not actually drawn. It may be a sight line of a figure in a composition, or a line along which two shapes align with each other.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder,
Landscape that served as a backdrop in paintings of earlier artists, here become the principal theme, a grand setting in which humans take their appointed place, the rhythm of their work and lives falling in with rhythm of the seasons and creation.
Discuss the use of the principles of design when describing a work of art.
gives useful vocabulary when discussing art with someone else.
Define and discuss the importance of visualization.
To use imagination and visual memory to preview events or plans before they occur.
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