Prebles' Artforms 3 Flashcards

visual elements
Terms Definitions
Chapter 8
Printmaking
Chapter 5
Evaluating Art
spatial
organized in space
Rembrandt
painted numerous self portraits
tint
white added to hue
Chapter 1
The Nature of Art
Minimalism
nonrepresentational style of sculpture and painting, usually severely restricted in the use of visual elements and often consisting of simple geometric shapes or masses.
Doesn't express emotion
Donal Judd Untitled.
Ch 2
Awareness, Creativity, and Communication
Gouache
An opaque, water-soluble paint. Watercolor to which opaque white has been added.
Lithography
a planographic printmaking technique based on the antipathy of oil and water. The image is drawn with a grease crayon or painted with tusche on a stone or grained aluminum plate. The surface is then chemically treated and dampened so that it will accept ink only where the crayon or tusche has been used.
shade
black added to a hue
List and explain ways traditional painting techniques are now combined with other materials and nontraditional supports.
...
American Painting
Great Depression; Edward Hopper (fascination with the mood fo the people, Nighthawks); Grant Wood (crisp realism, American Gothic); Thomas Hart Benton (realistic style, American themes; Palisades)
Origin of Renaissance
Italy: Roman remains/excavations, church, merchant class, intellectual & creativity seen as gifts from God, an effort to create a 'window on the world' (perspective, foreshortening, texture)
glaze
coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.
Dwelling
Yong Soon Min, 1994, Mixed Media
firing
the process of increasing the temperature in a kiln until desired temperature is reached, effecting a chemical change in the clay body
variety
Opposite of unity, counters unity; provides diversity.
photojournalism
journalism that presents a story primarily through the use of pictures
Cathedra
Barnett Newman, 1951, Oil on canvas
design
The process of organizing visual elements and the product of that process.
Pyramid
Mastaba - table
Step (Djoser) - stacked Mastabas
True Pyramid (great pyramid of Khufu)
Shape symbolizes creation of the world
Discuss the processes of each medium associated with relief, intaglio, lithography and screenprinting.
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Edouard Manet
the predecessor of Impressionism and the most controversial artist in 1860s. -Combined in his art : Old Master (Velazques, Rembrandt) + realism( Courbet) + flatness from Japanese prints -Used familiarity and confrontational views to shock and comment on society -Believed that a good painting is true to itself -Used loose, open brushwork -Scandalized France because of the way it was painted and the subject matter -Concerned with visual issues over storytelling( revolutionary) -Depiction of recognizable figures with a nude in public setting -Color builds from a muted background to a bold foreground
Masaccio
first great Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. The Holy Trinity was the first painting based on linear perspective. In Giotto's work, body and drapery appear as one, while in Masaccio's work the figures are clothed nudes with draped garments like real fabric.
Alberto Burri
European; used burlap sacks; was doctor: used red to symbolize blood, burlap for bandages (US food aid sent in burlap bags); Composition
projective drawing
drawings that come from memory, imanination or visions
emphasis
the use of position, contrast, color intensity and size to draw attention to an area or areas
conte crayon
organic drawing material, made from earth-clays, difficult to erase, likes to be blended and smudged
vault
A masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the principle of the arch. A tunnel or barrel vault is a semicircular arch extended in depth; a continuous series of arches, one behind the other. A groin vault is formed when two barrel vaults intersect. A ribbed vault is a vault reinforced by masonry ribs.
buttress
a support, usually exterior, for a wall, arch, or vault that opposes the lateral forces of these structures.
arcade
A series of arches supported by columns or piers. Also, a covered passageway between two series of arches or between a series of arches and a wall.
collage
Technique of pasting cut-out or found elements into the space of the canvas.
receptive drawing
attempt to capture the physical appearance
casting mold
A substitution or replacement process that involves pouring liquid material such as molten metal, clay, wax, or plaster into a mold. When the liquid hardens, the mold is removed, and a form in the shape of the mold is left. Mold is also called a pattern.
carving
A subtractive process in which a sculpture is formed by removing material from a block or mass of wood, stone, or other material, with the use of sharpened tools.
Rodia
Italian tile setter who built the Watts Towers out of cast off materials
open form
interacts with the space around it
IMPRESSIONISM
began in France with a group of artists interested in capturing light and color -Based on observation, not interested in politics or religion -Used broken color -Painted "impressions" of what the eye sees -Landscapes and ordinary scenes painted outdoors in varied atmospheric conditions, seasons, and time of the day - main subjects.
De Stijl
(The Style); Piet Mondrian (Tableau 2 with yellow, black, blue, red, and gray); non-representational, geometric shapes; primary colors, vertical and horizontal lines. Influenced international style architecture
Color Field
Paintings consisting of large areas of color with no obvious structure, central focus, or dynamic balance.
expressive theories
pay attention to the artist's attempt to express a personality or worldview.
inspiration
The word museum comes from the Greek mouseion, "place of the muses." Inferring the power of
colonnade
A row of columns usually spanned or connected by beams (lintels)
overlap
most basic way to achieve the effect of depth on a flat surface
earthenware
ceramic ware made of porous clay fired at low heat (1100-1150C)
warp
yarn arranged lengthways on a loom and crossed by the woof
wash
transparent layer of paint or ink; ink and waters to create dark to light values
Value or tone
relative lightness or darkness from white through gray to black. Pure hues vary in value.
Implied Motion
The illusion of movement where there is actually none.
Amrita Sher-Gil
first Indian artist to fuse East and West; The Swing
Women Artists in Revolution
WAR; picketed galleries and dealers reluctant to show work by women; formed own gallery, Artists In Residence (AIR)
intensity/saruration
reers to the purity of a hue or color
dry fresco or fresco secco
repainted true fresco or dry
Prints vs. Mass Production
1. Limited quantity; 2. Artist oversees each print; 3. Prints numbered & signed (pencil); artist copies marked "ap"
letter form
The shape of an individual letter; The design and development of such shapes.
Rocket to the Moon
Romare Bearden, 1971, Collage on board
Art from Paleolithic Period
Engraved Ochre (75,000 BCE; Blombos Cave, South Africa)
Woman of Willendore (25-20,000 BCE)
Woman of Lespugue
Wall painting of Animals (28,000 BCE, Chauver Cave, France)
Deer and Hands (15,000 BCE, Las Manos Cave, Argentina)
Murujuga Petroglyphs (upto 10,000 yrs old, Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia)
Define and discuss mediums.
A particular material along with the accompanying techinque.
linear perspective
way to depict the way ovjects in space appear to the eye
Implied line
A line in a composition that is not actually drawn. It may be a sight line of a figure in a composition, or a line along which two shapes align with each other.
figure and ground shapes
The subject or dominant shapes are referred to as figures or positive shapes, background areas are ground or negative shapes.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Human is part of nature. He embodied the spirit of the new movement known as the Renaissance. He was a genius whose mind ranged over every imaginary subject. He was a painter, sculpture, architect, town planner, writer, musician, scientist, engineer and inventor. He was typical of what we today call the "Renaissance Man". He believed that Art and Science were two means to the same end... knowledge. He started many projects in various media, only a few were finished.
List and define the terminology associated with construction and architecture.
round arch, barrel vault, gothic arch, flying buttress, post-and-beam, colonnade, arcade, truss, curtain wall, cantilever, lintel, dressed stone, elevation, setback.
Discuss art as a means of nonverbal communication.
visual experience is direct reaction to the art; words are always one step removed.
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