Prebles' Artforms 4 Flashcards

groin vault
Terms Definitions
Chapter 7
Mahmoud Mukhtar
Egypt Awakening;
paths of action
Fundemental requirement of art
curtain wall
a non-load-bearing wall
Chapter 2
Awareness, Creativity, and Communication
Dry Media
Graphite / Pencil
Metal Point
Crayon, Pastel, Chalk
Ch 2
Awareness, Creativity, and Communication
shading consisting of multiple crossing lines
The appearance of similarity, consistency, or oneness. Interrelational factors that cause various elements to appear as part of a single complete form.
Objects depicted in representational art.
Compare and contrast variations among different artists' techniques.
New possibilities with new materials: steel, plastic, plate glass, and reinforced concrete.; Frank Lloyd Wright, American, designer of "Falling Water", believed that architecture should reflect the surroundings and blended houses with their natural surrounding; Le Corbusier, French, designer of "Villa Savoye", architect who created "machines for living," designed around the needs of the people who occupy them, created architecture that was not tied to any one environment.
a watercolor executed with opaque watercolors mixed with gum
process of organizing visual elements and the product of that process
Miriam Schapiro, 1985, Fabric and Acrylic
coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.
the expression of application of creative skill and imagination
Italian "light-dark". The gradation of light and dark values in two-dimensional imagery; especially the illusion of rounded, three-dimensional form created through gradations of light and shade rather than line.
gives a composition unity, continuity, flow and emphasis
is achievement of equilibrium, in which acting influences are held in check by opposing forces
Barnett Newman, 1951, Oil on canvas
Roman Art
Naturalistic; Romans fascinated by Greek and Egyptian art
List each artist's name and describe each artist's method of painting, to the extent they were presented in Chapter 7.
Photography Artists
Carleton E. Watkins (The Three Brothers);
Eugene Delacroix;
Nadar (Felix Tournachon; first aerial photo from a balloon; Sarah Bernhardt);
Julia Cameron (Portraits);
One of the greatest artists, sculptor, painter, architect of all time, who considered himself primarily a sculptor. David, Pieta, Moses, Dome of St Peters, Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo looked at human beings as unique and almost Godlike.
Action Painting
Jackson Pollock controlled paint by movement of his body
conte crayon
organic drawing material, made from earth-clays, difficult to erase, likes to be blended and smudged
Henri Matisse
french artist in late 1800's associated with fauve movement
To become aware through the senses, particularly through sight or hearing.
The horizontal stone or timber placed across and architectural space to take the weight of the roof or wall above; also called a beam.
Organic shape
An irregular, non-geometric shape. A shape that resembles any living matter. Most organic shapes are not drawn with a ruler or a compass.
A masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the principle of the arch. A tunnel or barrel vault is a semicircular arch extended in depth; a continuous series of arches, one behind the other. A groin vault is formed when two barrel vaults intersect. A ribbed vault is a vault reinforced by masonry ribs.
a support, usually exterior, for a wall, arch, or vault that opposes the lateral forces of these structures.
a beam or slab projecting a substantial distance beyond its supporting post or wall; a projection supported only at one end
ink forced through stencils on silk stretched across a frame
forming objects on the potter's wheel using a clay body with plastic qualities.
Technique of pasting cut-out or found elements into the space of the canvas.
Closed form
A self-contained or explicitly limited form; having a resolved balance of tensions, a sense of calm completeness implying a totality within itself.
all of the identical copies of something offered to the public at the same time
an intaglio process in which grooves are cut into a metal or wood surface with a sharp cutting tool called a burin or graver. Also, the resulting print.
Implied Depth
Clues to Implied Depth:
1. Overlap
2. Diminishing Size
3. Vertical Placement
American Art
The art produced in the American colonies was closely related to that of Europe.
Socialist Realism
Russia - art that people can understand; Aleksander Rodchenko (The Worker's Club)
Hard Edge
painting using tape to achieve precise edges, in contrast to blurred or soft edges in Abstract Expressionist paintings.
Ellsworth Kelly, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red;
Frank Stella, Agbatana III.
atmospheric/aerial perspective
nonlinear means for giving an illusion of depth
The size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another.
A curved structure designed to span an opening, usually made of stone or other masonry. Roman arches are semicircular; Islamic and Gothic arches come to a point at the top.
kinetic sculpture
A type of sculpture that incorporates actual movement as part of the design.
Linear Perspective
An artistic principle developed in the Renaissance that allowed a painter to create a greater illusion that before. The principle is based on all horizontal lines going towards one or two points on the horizon or at eye level, while vertical lines remain vertical. This was based on the new idea of having a certain perspective with which one should view a painting.
Postmodern Photography
Not just a record of the facts, photography can encode information and influence viewers through ways of composing, taking, developing, and printing. Cindy Sherman (Untitled Film Still #48) influenced by Pop Art, Performance Art, and Feminism. Andreas Gursky (Stateville, Illinois) digital editing and public spaces; Walid Raad (BEY82 City IV) blurry, smudged war photos.
Jackson Pollock influences
Thomas Hart Benton - Rhythm;
David Siqueiros - Large scale;
Navajo sand paintings - Don't have to touch;
Carl Jung - express feeling (rather than illustrate them)
Artist's proof
prints made for the artist's record or personal use ("ap")
first photograph of a person
louis Dauerre, Le Boulevard duTemple
graphic design
The process of working with words and pictures to create solutions to problems of visual communication.
Art from Mesopotamia
Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu (temple set on huge platform; 2,100 BCE)
Lyre (Bulls & Imaginary creatures inlaid in harp; 2650-2550 BCE)
Head of Akkadian Ruler (Bronze; 2300-2200 BCE)
Discuss the many different types of sculpture.
modeling, casting, carving, constructing, and assembling.
two point perspective
two sets of parallel lines appear to converge at two points on the horizon line
dressed stone
stone used for building that is cut to fit into a masonry wall
List and define the components of paint.
Pigment (color), Binder (holds pigment), Vehicle (flows paint)
The Holy Virgin Mary
Chris Ofili; Mary as a black woman; elephant dung; Brooklyn Museum.
List and define the types of painting media, each according to its own set of characteristics.
Watercolor, Gouache, Tempera, Oil, Acrylic, Fresco.
Define and discuss the use of iconography in art.
The symbolic meanings of subjects and signs used to convey ideas important to particular cultures or religions, and the conventions governing the use of such forms.
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